Belongs within: Gentianales.Contains: Coutoubeinae, Canscorinae, Centaurium, Chironia. The new centaury Published 1 January 2021 In an earlier post, I described the South American flowering herbs known as the Coutoubeinae. In this post, I’m going to take a step back and look at a clade of which the coutoubeines form a part, the Chironieae. The Chironieae… Continue reading Chironieae


Belongs within: Rubioideae.Contains: Psychotrieae. The Morindeae are a group of rubiaceous plants bearing flowers in head inflorescences, and fleshy drupes with one or two ovules per carpel. <==Morindeae |–+–+–GaertnereaeBM00 | | | |–GaertneraBM00 | | | `–PagameaBM00 | | `–SchradereaeBM00 | | |–Schradera subarinaLRR19 | | |–LecananthusBM00 | | `–LeucocodonBM00 | `–+–MorindinaeBM00 | | |… Continue reading Morindeae


Belongs within: Spermacoceae. Crusea, saucer flowers, is a genus of small annual plants found in southern North America. <==Crusea |–C. coronataF79 `–+–+–C. coccineaF79 | | |–C. c. var. brevilobaF79 | | `–+–C. c. var. coccineaF79 | | `–C. c. var. chiriquensisF79 | `–C. megalocarpaF79 `–+–C. diversifoliaF79 `–+–C. lucidaF79 `–+–C. parvifoliaF79 |–C. psyllioidesF79 `–+–C. calcicolaF79 |–C.… Continue reading Crusea


Belongs within: Anthospermeae. Coprosma is a genus of shrubs and trees with often glandular leaves found around the southwest Pacific, with the highest diversity in New Zealand. Characters (from Allen 1961): Shrubs or trees with simple opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules usually gland-tipped when young. Plants prevailingly dioecious, but with several types of sexual expressions.… Continue reading Coprosma


Belongs within: Apocynaceae. The Plumerieae are a group of flowering plants united by molecular phylogenetic analysis. Most members of the clade possess infrastaminal as well as suprastaminal appendages (not present in Anechites and Plumeria) and winged seeds (not present in Anechites) (Sennblad & Bremer 2002). <==Plumerieae [Plumerioideae] | i. s.: Cerberiopsis candelabraSB02, SK02 | SkytanthusSB02… Continue reading Plumerieae


Belongs within: Gentianeae.Contains: Gentiana section Amarella, Gentiana section Arctophila, Gentiana section Frigidae, Gentiana section Chondrophyllae, Gentiana section Cruciata, Gentiana section Pneumonanthe, Gentiana section Cyane. Gentiana is a cosmopolitan genus of mostly erect herbs, with the highest diversity of species in Asia (Struwe et al. 2002). Characters (from Struwe et al. 2002): Annual, biennial, or perennial herbs. Stem usually… Continue reading Gentiana


Belongs within: Chironieae. The coutoubeines Published 17 November 2019 Members of the family Gentianaceae, the gentians, are for the greater part associated with cooler climes. Residents of areas subject to heavy snowfalls have often commented on the appearance of their showy flowers with warming weather in the spring. But not all subgroups of the gentians… Continue reading Coutoubeinae


Belongs within: Gentianeae. Gentianella is a cosmopolitan genus of herbs bearing nectariferous flowers. Circumscription of the genus has been contentious; Australasian species were placed by Adams (1995) in a proposed segregate genus Chionogentias but this genus has not been recognsed by some other authors. Characters (from Struwe et al. 2009): Annual, biennial, or perennial herbs;… Continue reading Gentianella


Belongs within: Loganiaceae. Logania is a genus of shrubs found in Australia and New Zealand. Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Shrubs; leaves connected at base by a more or less distinct stipular line. Flowers small, in corymbose dichotomous or trichotomous axillary and terminal cymes, with two opposite bracts at each branching of peduncles, rarely… Continue reading Logania


Belongs within: Gentianeae.Contains: Swertia subgenus Ophelia. Swertia, the felworts, is a cosmopolitan genus of herbs, most diverse in Asia and Africa. Characters (from Flora of China): Herbs annual or perennial. Roots fibrous or woody; primary roots with few secondary rootlets or rhizomes short and with few fleshy adventitious rootlets. Stems absent, scapiform, or well developed,… Continue reading Swertia