Solanales

Belongs within: Lamiidae.Contains: Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae. The Solanales is a large clade of flowering plants, with most of its members being divided between the Convolvulaceae, the morning glories and related taxa, and the Solanaceae, including nightshades, tobacco, etc. Other members of the Solanales include the Montiniaceae, a small group of shrubs and small trees with small,… Continue reading Solanales

Lycium

Belongs within: Solanoideae. Lycium, the boxthorns, is a cosmopolitan genus of often thorny shrubs with small leaves bearing globose berries (Liogier 1995). Characters (from Liogier 1995): Erect or scandent shrubs, usually spiny; leaves fasciculate on short branches, short-petioled, without stipules; blades small, usually narrow, entire; flowers axillary, solitary or fascicled at nodes, often many along… Continue reading Lycium

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Cuscuta

Belongs within: Convolvulaceae. Cuscuta, the dodders, is a cosmopolitan genus of parasitic vines. They lack both roots and chlorophyll, and grow as slender, twining stems attached to hosts by haustoria. Characters (from Stefanović et al. 2003): Plants parasitic, with little or no chlorophyll, attached to hosts by haustoria. Roots absent. Stems twining, slender, pale to… Continue reading Cuscuta

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Convolvulus

Belongs within: Convolvuloideae. Convolvulus is a cosmopolitan genus of tufted or twining herbs with flowers bearing one style, two stigmas and unlobed ovaries (Hickman 1993); members of this genus have historically been divided between the genera Convolvulus and Calystegia but phylogenetic analysis indicates that the latter is nested within the former (Stefanović et al. 2003).… Continue reading Convolvulus

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Convolvuloideae

Belongs within: Convolvulaceae.Contains: Merremieae, Convolvulus, Ipomoea. The Convolvuloideae are a clade of plants defined by Stefanović et al. (2003) as the smallest clade including Convolvulus arvensis, Ipomoea pes-tigridis and Aniseia martinicensis. Characters (from Stefanović et al. 2003): Plants mainly herbaceous; predominantly cordate leaf base; cymes nearly always dichasial; corolla with five interplical veins; style single,… Continue reading Convolvuloideae

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Cresseae

Belongs within: Convolvulaceae. The Cresseae are a group of convolvulaceous plants with two or bifid styles in each flower and fruits a dehiscent capsule. Characters (from Stefanović et al. 2003): Plants suffrutescent herbs to shrubs, less often lianas. Leaf base not cordate. Flowers actinomorphic, usually bisexual (unisexual in Hildebrandtia). Sepals equal or unequal, usually non-accrescent… Continue reading Cresseae

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Dichondreae

Belongs within: Convolvulaceae. The Dichondreae are a group of mat-forming herbs and lianas characterised by fruits that are indehiscent utricles (Stefanović et al. 2003). Characters (from Stefanović et al. 2003): Plants prostrate herbs to lianas. Leaf base usually cordate, sometimes cuneate. Flowers actinomorphic, bisexual. Sepals equal, accrescent to non-accrescent. Filaments dilated, pubescent. Styles partially to… Continue reading Dichondreae

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Nicotiana

Belongs within: Solanaceae. Nicotiana, the tobaccos, is a genus of flowering plants, most diverse in the Americas, with funnel-shaped flowers borne in racemes or panicles (Hickman 1993). The leaves of several species, most notably N. tabacum, have a stimulant effect when smoked and they are widely cultivated for this purpose. Characters (from Hickman 1993): Annual… Continue reading Nicotiana

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Merremieae

Belongs within: Convolvuloideae. The Merremieae are a pantropical group of herbaceous vines characterised by globose stigmas (Stefanović et al. 2003). Characters (from Stefanović et al. 2003): Plants herbaceous, vines. Leaf base usually cordate. Flowers actinomorphic, bisexual. Filaments dilated, usually pubescent. Styles entire. Stigmas globose. Fruits dehiscent, capsular, valvate to operculate. Pericarp chartaceous. Pollen 3-colpate or… Continue reading Merremieae

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Ipomoea

Belongs within: Convolvuloideae. Ipomoea is a cosmopolitan genus of twining herbs, many of which are commonly referred to as morning glories. Notable members include the kumara or sweet potato I. batatas, widely grown for its edible tubers. Water spinach or kangkong I. aquatica is cultivated in Asia as a vegetable green. The beach morning glory… Continue reading Ipomoea

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