Boronia

Belongs within: Boronieae. Boronia is an Australian genus of shrubs (more rarely small trees or herbs) bearing flowers with pyramidally arranged stamens and fruits composed of basally fused cocci. A small number of species are native to New Caledonia. Several species are popular cultivated plants, grown for their fragrant flowers. Characters (from New South Wales… Continue reading Boronia

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Boronieae

Belongs within: Zanthoxyleae.Contains: Boronia. The Boronieae are a group of mostly small to medium-sized shrubs that are usually found growing in open woodlands. Representatives include Phebalium, an Australasian genus of shrubs with pentamerous flowers usually borne in corymbs, and fruits of two to five cocci with seeds having an elastic endocarp (Allan 1961). Species of… Continue reading Boronieae

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Sapindales

Belongs within: Malvidae.Contains: Rutaceae, Meliaceae, Simaroubaceae, Anacardiaceae, Burseraceae, Acer, Dodonaea. The Sapindales are a clade of flowering plants whose members often accumulate noxious secondary metabolites. Members include the Sapindaceae, a family of woody plants with often spiral, pinnately-compound leaves with subopposite leaflets and a terminal rhachis tip (Angiosperm Phylogeny Website). The Aceroideae (maples) and Hippocastanoideae… Continue reading Sapindales

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Zanthoxyleae

Belongs within: Rutaceae.Contains: Boronieae. The name ‘Zanthoxyleae’ is here being applied to a clade corresponding to the ‘Euodia alliance’ of Kubitzki et al (2011), as the Zanthoxyleae as previously recognised are paraphyletic with regard to other tribes within the Rutaceae. Members of the Euodia alliance are found mostly in the Old World, with only the… Continue reading Zanthoxyleae

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Simaroubaceae

Belongs within: Sapindales. The Simaroubaceae are a family of mostly tropical or subtropical trees and shrubs. Well-known members include the tree of heaven Ailanthus altissima, historically grown as an ornamental but now widely regarded as an invasive weed outside its range in temperate east Asia. The bitterwood Quassia amara produces bitter compounds in its bark… Continue reading Simaroubaceae

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Anacardiaceae

Belongs within: Sapindales.Contains: Rhus, Mangifera, Sorindeia, Trichoscypha, Lannea. The Anacardiaceae are distinguished by their resinous exudate, which turns black upon contact with the air. In many species, this resin may cause serious irritation to humans who come into contact with it. Despite this, several species of Anacardiaceae are used for food such as Anacardium occidentale… Continue reading Anacardiaceae

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Rutaceae

Belongs within: Sapindales.Contains: Fagara, Zanthoxyleae, Citroideae. The Rutaceae are a family of plants found in most parts of the world; most are trees or shrubs but some are herbaceous. These include the common rue Ruta graveolens, a strong-smelling herb with a history of being cultivated as a medicinal plant and condiment. Within the Rutaceae, members… Continue reading Rutaceae

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Citroideae

Belongs within: Rutaceae.Contains: Citrus. The Citroideae are a group of trees and shrubs (rarely lianas) in which the fruit is a hesperidium, a type of berry with a thick, spongy rind and the flesh divided into segments. Members include the Indo-Australian genus Glycosmis, shrubs or trees with a rust-coloured indumentum on buds and young inflorescences.… Continue reading Citroideae

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Meliaceae

Belongs within: Sapindales.Contains: Guareeae. The Meliaceae are a pantropical family of trees. Some members of the family are significant timber trees such as species of Cedrela (toon) and Swietenia (mahogany). Species of Swietenia are native to the Neotropics but have become widely grown commercially in southern Asia and Fiji as populations declined significantly in their… Continue reading Meliaceae

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Citrus

Belongs within: Citroideae. Citrus is a genus of shrubs and small trees, many species of which are widely grown for their edible fruits. The taxonomy of this genus is particularly complex, with most cultivated taxa being of hybrid origin. Wild species are native to the Indo-Australian region with most cultivated varieties ultimately derived from Asian… Continue reading Citrus