Juncaceae

Belongs within: Poales.Contains: Luzula subgenus Gymnodes, Juncus section Genuini, Juncus section Graminifolii, Juncus section Poiophylli, Juncus section Septati. The Juncaceae are a family of rushes, grass-like plants found mostly in damper habitats in temperate parts of the world (as well as tropical mountains). Flowers are solitary and relatively large (over five millimetres) in members of… Continue reading Juncaceae

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Poaceae

Belongs within: Poales.Contains: Leymus, Aegilops, Austrostipa, Bothriochloa, Urochloa, Pooideae, Bambusoideae, Ehrhartoideae, Centothecoideae, Panicoideae, Eriachneae, Aristidoideae, Danthonioideae, Arundinoideae, Chloridoideae. The Poaceae are the grasses, a distinctive group of monocotyledons that are one of the most significant plant groups alive today. It is estimated that grass-dominated landscapes make up about one-fifth of the terrestrial surface of the… Continue reading Poaceae

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Bromus

Belongs within: Pooideae. Bromus, the bromes or cheatgrasses, is a genus of grasses found primarily in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Species such as poverty brome B. sterilis and ripgut brome B. diandrus are considered undesirable in pasture due to their high silica content. Bromus tectorum, drooping brome or cheatgrass, is a native… Continue reading Bromus

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Poa

Belongs within: Pooideae. Poa is a genus of more than 500 species of grasses, including meadow-grasses and bluegrasses, found in temperate regions of both hemispheres as well as on tropical mountains. Notable species include P. annua, annual bluegrass, which is commonly used for lawns and animal fodder. The greater number of species are perennial though… Continue reading Poa

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Aristidoideae

Belongs within: Poaceae.Contains: Aristida adscensionis, Aristida section Chaetaria. The Aristidoideae, wiregrasses, are a group of relatively narrow-leaved grasses most commonly found in dry, open habitats. The central awn-branch is plumose in species of the genus Stipagrostis but glabrous in Aristida. Characters (from Grass Phylogeny Working Group 2001): Plants annual or perennial, caespitose, herbaceous, xerophytic or… Continue reading Aristidoideae

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Digitaria

Belongs within: Paniceae. Digitaria, the crabgrasses, is a genus of grasses producing long, finger-like inflorescences. Hairy crabgrass D. sanguinalis and smooth crabgrass D. ischaemum are regarded as lawn and garden weeds in North America. Characters (from Gardner 1952): Perennials or annuals; leaf-blade linear to linear-lanceolate, usually flat, often more or less flaccid; ligule membranous; inflorescence… Continue reading Digitaria

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Danthonioideae

Belongs within: Poaceae.Contains: Danthonia. The Danthonioideae is a clade of mostly Southern Hemisphere tussocks and pampas grasses, though the type genus Danthonia has a Holarctic distribution. The genus Pentaschistis is found in Africa whereas Austrodanthonia and Chionochloa are Australasian. Danthonioideae are distinguished from other grasses by the presence of haustorial synergids in the ovule. The… Continue reading Danthonioideae

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Zingiberales

Belongs within: Commelinidae.Contains: Zingiberaceae, Marantaceae. The Zingiberales are a clade of mostly very large-leaved tropical herbaceous plants. Prominent members include the bananas of the genus Musa and the birds of paradise of the genus Strelitzia. Species of Canna, Indian shot, are commonly cultivated for their broad foliage and showy flowers. Orchidantha is a Southeast Asian… Continue reading Zingiberales

Arecoideae

Belongs within: Arecaceae.Contains: Ptychosperma, Caryota, Heterospathe. The Arecoideae is the largest of the generally recognised palm subfamilies, containing about 1100 species. Notable members include the coconut Cocos nucifera, widely grown in tropical regions of the world for their large edible seeds, as well as for fibres from the leaves and fruit. Edible fruit are also… Continue reading Arecoideae

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Panicoideae

Belongs within: Poaceae.Contains: Paniceae, Andropogoneae. The Panicoideae are a clade of over 3200 species of grasses. It is one of the largest grass groups to possess the C4 photosynthetic pathway that is believed to be associated with adaptation for arid climates, though many species have reverted to the more standard C3 pathway. Most panicoids are… Continue reading Panicoideae

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