Iridaceae

Belongs within: Petrosaviidae.Contains: Crocus, Moraea, Romulea, Patersonia, Iris, Sisyrinchium, Ixieae. The Iridaceae are a family of seasonal plants, most diverse in southern Africa. Many species in the family are popular ornamentals. The rootstock of members of this family is often a corm, as in Crocus or Watsonia, or a rhizome, as in Iris or Sisyrinchium.… Continue reading Iridaceae

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Crocus

Belongs within: Iridaceae. Crocus is a genus of low-growing herbs in which flowers arise at ground level with a subterranean ovary (Healy & Edgar 1980). Characters (from Healy & Edgar 1980): Low-growing, more or less inconspicuous; flowers arising singly, one to several from a corm, at first stalkless and ovary subterranean; perianth-tube long, funnel-shaped, perianth… Continue reading Crocus

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Iris

Belongs within: Iridaceae. Iris is a genus of monocotyledons found primarily in northern temperate regions, bearing showy flowers with petal-like style branches (Hickman 1993). Characters (from Hickman 1993): Perennial; rhizome creeping or more or less tuber-like. Inflorescence with flowers 1-many. Flowers with perianth parts clawed, sepals (wider, spreading or reflexed) unlike petals (generally narrower, erect);… Continue reading Iris

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Romulea

Belongs within: Iridaceae. Romulea, star-grass, is a genus of grass-like herbs found primarily in southern Africa with a smaller number of species extending into Europe (Healy & Edgar 1980). Characters (from Healy & Edgar 1980): Summer-green perennial. Corm small; tunic hard, woody, brown, usually smooth. Stem often not protruding above ground or else hidden by… Continue reading Romulea

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Moraea

Belongs within: Iridaceae. Moraea, the Cape tulips, is a genous of corm-bearing herbs native to southern Africa. Characters (from Flora of Victoria): Perennial herb, leaves and flowers annual; corm globose or ovoid, outer layers fibrous to woody, sometimes with bulbils. Stem sometimes below ground at flowering. Leaves 1–several, rarely numerous, basal or sub-basal, linear, laterally… Continue reading Moraea

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Ixieae

Belongs within: Iridaceae. The Ixieae are a group of iridaceous plants in which the rootstock forms a corm; flowers are sessile, subtended basally by paired bracts, and usually arranged in distichous spikes. <==Ixieae [Ixioideae] |–Gladiolus Linné 1753M99, G77 | |–G. byzantinusHE80 | |–G. × cardinalisHE80 | |–G. caryophyllaceusRL05 | |–G. communisKSM06 | |–G. italicus [incl.… Continue reading Ixieae

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