Belongs within: Laurales. The Lauraceae are a pantropical group of often aromatic flowering plants including mostly shrubs and trees. Commercially significant species include the bay tree Laurus nobilis, avocado Persea americana and cinnamon Cinnamomum species. Laurus is a small genus of aromatic trees and shrubs found in the Mediterranean region and on the Macaronesian islands.… Continue reading Lauraceae


Belongs within: Malmeoideae.Contains: Pseuduvaria, Polyalthia. The Miliuseae are a clade of trees bearing cryptoaperturate/disulculate pollen (Chatrou et al. 2012). Characters (from Chatrou et al. 2012): Trees; indument of simple hairs, rarely T-shaped hairs; bracts present; inflorescences rhipidiate, terminal or axillary, flowers rarely solitary; flowers bisexual or (andro)dioecious, rarely monoecious; carpels free in flower and fruit;… Continue reading Miliuseae

Categorised as Magnoliidae


Belongs within: Magnoliales.Contains: Malmeoideae, Annonoideae. The Annonaceae are a pantropical family of trees, shrubs and vines with a characteristic cobweb-like wood structure (Chatrou et al. 2012). Oily and salty trees Published 24 June 2017 The Annonaceae are another one of those plant families that, despite containing a high diversity of species, tend to be overlooked… Continue reading Annonaceae


Belongs within: Magnoliidae.Contains: Aristolochia. The Aristolochiaceae are perennial herbs, shrubs and vines found in tropical and warm temperate regions (Hickman 1993). Characters (from Hickman 1993): Perennial from rhizome, woody vine, shrub, aromatic. Stem branched, sometimes nearly all underground. Leaves simple, basal, cauline, or arising singly from rhizome, alternate; blade generally cordate, entire. Flowers generally solitary,… Continue reading Aristolochiaceae

Categorised as Magnoliidae


Belongs within: Magnoliidae.Contains: Monimiaceae, Lauraceae. The Laurales are a clade of flowering plants with perigynous flowers, with the carpel(s) often deeply embedded in a fleshy receptacle that may or may not become woody in fruit. Many species also have uniovulate carpels, unilacunar nodes, opposite leaves, and/or inaperturate pollen, though these characters vary within the clade… Continue reading Laurales

Categorised as Magnoliidae


Belongs within: Mesangiospermae.Contains: Magnoliales, Laurales, Canellales, Aristolochiaceae. The Piperales is a clade of mostly herbaceous plants (some species are lianes or small trees) found primarily in tropical and subtropical regions. Members of the families Piperaceae and Saururaceae have small flowers borne in elongate spikes. Commercially significant species include Piper nigrum, pepper, and Piper betle, betel.… Continue reading Magnoliidae


Belongs within: Magnoliidae.Contains: Myristica, Annonaceae. The Magnoliales are a clade of flowering plants well supported by molecular analyses, as well as by two morphological synapomorphies: midrib vasculature in shape of an arc with adaxial plate, and secondary phloem stratified into tangential bands (Chatrou 2003). Within the clade, the Myristicaceae are the sister group to all… Continue reading Magnoliales


Belongs within: Magnoliales. Myristica is a genus of mostly rainforest trees found in southern Asia and Oceania. They are characterised by striate twigs and seeds covered by a fleshy aril that is deeply lobed to the base of the seed (Foreman 1978). The best known species is Myristica fragrans, from which comes the spices nutmeg… Continue reading Myristica


Belongs within: Magnoliidae. Spices of Gondwana Published 29 October 2007 The Canellales are a small order of flowering trees and shrubs, most of which are found in the southern continents though some species reach as far north as Florida and Indonesia. Two families are included in Canellales, the Canellaceae and Winteraceae. Canellaceae are found in… Continue reading Canellales