Belongs within: Geometroidea.Contains: Eupithecia, Oenochrominae, Acidalianae, Geometrinae, Ennominae, Sterrhinae, Xanthorhoe. The Geometridae are a highly diverse group of moths. Their larvae are commonly known as loopers due to their characteristic looping mode of movement resulting from a reduction in the number of prolegs. Adults are commonly cryptically coloured with mottled grey or brown colours. Flight… Continue reading Geometridae


Belongs within: Macroheterocera. The Drepanidae are a group of moths bearing two-chambered tympanal organs on the second abdominal segment. The subfamily Drepaninae includes the hook-tip moths, so named due to the hooked ends of their forewings. The fore wing has M2 and M3 approximated at the base and the hind wing has Sc + R1… Continue reading Drepanidae


Belongs within: Obtectomera.Contains: Drepanidae, Noctuoidea, Geometroidea, Bombycoidea, Lasiocampinae. The Macroheterocera are a clade of mostly medium-sized to large moths united by molecular phylogenetic analysis (Kawahara et al. 2019). Many species in this clade possess sound-receptive tympanal organs, thought differences in location and structure imply non-homology. Drepanidae and Geometroidea have tympanal organs on the abdomen, Noctuoidea… Continue reading Macroheterocera


Belongs within: Geometroidea. The Uraniidae are a somewhat disparate group of moths united by the presence of sexually dimorphic tympanal organs on the abdomen. Members of the subfamily Uraniinae are often large, diurnal and superficially resemble butterflies in appearance. The Epipleminae are smaller, darker moths that usually hold the hind wings folded along the abdomen… Continue reading Uraniidae


Belongs within: Sphingidae. The Sphingini are a group of hawk moths with a well-developed proboscis but without sensory hairs on the labial palp. The larva is usually patterned with oblique stripes and usually bears a horn. Species of the genus Sphinx differ from other hawk moths in the presence of spines on the fore tibia… Continue reading Sphingini


Belongs within: Bombycoidea.Contains: Sphingini, Acherontiini, Smerinthini, Ambulycini, Hemaris, Macroglossini. The Sphingidae, hawkmoths, are fast-flying moths that often have a long proboscis used for taking nectar from flowers whilst hovering. This proboscis may be several times the length of the remainder of the moth, allowing it to maintain a safe distance from potential predators while feeding.… Continue reading Sphingidae


Belongs within: Saturnioidea. Antheraea is a genus of large moths found mostly in Asia, with some species present in Europe and North America. Some species are important sources of silk. The Australian species A. eucalypti and A. helena both feed as larvae on Eucalyptus leaves (Common 1970). Characters (from Seitz 1913): Palpi and frons with… Continue reading Antheraea


Belongs within: Macroglossini. Hyles is a cosmopolitan genus of hawkmoths with fore wings typically marked by a pale median stripe. The spurge hawkmoth H. euphorbiae is a native of the southwestern Palaearctic that has been introduced to North America to control Euphorbia species (Pittaway 1993). Characters (from Pittaway 1993): Imago with fore wing entire with apex pointed. Fore wing… Continue reading Hyles


Belongs within: Noctuoidea.Contains: Comarchis, Sorocostia, Hypeninae, Lymantriinae, Calpinae, Panopodini, Erebinae, Toxocampinae, Scolecocampinae, Boletobiinae, Herminiinae, Hypsa, Lithosiini, Arctiini, Syntomini. The Erebidae, as recognised by Zahiri et al. (2011), are a diverse clade of noctuoid moths united by molecular phylogenetic analysis. Members of this clade have historically been divided between a number of families with many being… Continue reading Erebidae


Belongs within: Macroheterocera.Contains: Anthelinae, Sphingidae, Saturnioidea, Bombyx, Apatelodidae, Janinae, Striphnopteryginae, Eupterote. The Bombycoidea are a diverse group of moths with broad wings and often strongly pectinate antennae. The frenulum is typically reduced or absent with the humeral area of the hind wing wing being expanded (Richards & Davies 1977). Many bombycoids do not feed as… Continue reading Bombycoidea