Belongs within: Obtectomera.Contains: Catagramma, Adelpha, Satyrinae, Morphinae, Charaxinae, Heliconiinae, Limenitidinae, Biblidinae, Nymphalinae, Apaturinae, Danaini, Ithomiini. The Nymphalidae, brush-footed butterflies, are a cosmopolitan group of butterflies in which only four normal walking legs are usually present. The first pair of legs is reduced and pressed against the thorax except in females of the basal subfamily Libytheinae.… Continue reading Nymphalidae


Belongs within: Satyrinae. The Elymniini are a group of butterflies including the bushbrowns and palmflies. Elymnias, the palmflies, is an Indo-Australian genus of large, sexually dimorphic butterflies with the distal margins of the wings scalloped, whose larvae feed on palms of the genus Calamus (Braby 2000). <==Elymniini | i. s.: Bicyclus anynanaWWN03 | LasiommataWWN03 |… Continue reading Elymniini


Belongs within: Nymphalidae.Contains: Calisto, Oreixenica, Elymniini, Satyrini, Melanitis. The Satyrinae are a cosmopolitan group of butterflies with the greater diversity in the tropics. Most species are relatively drab in coloration, with browns and greys predominating, though there are some more colourful tropical species. They are usually weak, erratic fliers found in shady habitats (Braby 2000).… Continue reading Satyrinae


Belongs within: Nymphalidae. The Morphinae are an Indo-Australian and Neotropical lineage of butterflies in which the fore wings have the discal cell closed and without swollen veins. Subgroups include the Indo-Australian Amathusiini whose larvae feed on cycads and various monocotyledons (Braby 2000). <==Morphinae [Morphidae] |–Amathusiini [Amathusiinae]WWN03 | |–Stichophthalma howquaWWN03 | |–MorphopsisJ03 | |–HyantisJ03 | |–FaunisJ03… Continue reading Morphinae


Belongs within: Satyrinae.Contains: Heteronympha, Satyrus, Erebia, Euptychia. The Satyrini are a diverse group of butterflies with larvae that feed mostly on grasses. Representatives include the heaths and ringlets of the Holarctic genus Coenonympha in which the antennal club is abrupt and the fore wings have vein 1A+2A and the cell greatly dilated towards the base. The Old… Continue reading Satyrini


Belongs within: Nymphalidae. The Charaxinae are a group of fast-flying butterflies with thick bodies and sharp wings that live in the canopy of trees (Wahlberg et al. 2003). Species have vein 3A in the fore wing not free at the base, and the hind wing has the cell open or closed by a slender tubular… Continue reading Charaxinae


Belongs within: Nymphalidae.Contains: Argynnis, Heliconius, Acraeini. The Heliconiinae are a clade of butterflies including such taxa as the passion-vine butterflies (Heliconiini) and fritillaries (Argynnis). Larvae feed on plants of the Passifloraceae, Violaceae and Salicaceae. Species feeding on Passifloraceae sequester toxins from their hosts (Braby 2000b). Synapomorphies (from Freitas & Brown 2004): Egg yellow; last instar… Continue reading Heliconiinae


Belongs within: Nymphalidae.Contains: Precis, Speyeria, Nymphalini, Melitaeini, Hypolimnas, Junonia. The Nymphalinae is a cosmopolitan clade of butterflies supported in its current circumscription by molecular analysis (Wahlberg et al. 2003). Larvae are typically black with a series of finely branched spines, often including a pair on the head (Braby 2000). Members include the oakleaf butterflies of the… Continue reading Nymphalinae


Belongs within: Nymphalidae. The Limenitidinae are a group of butterflies with a characteristic gliding flight, united by their larval food preferences (Braby 2000). <==Limenitidinae |–EuthaliaA73 [EuthaliiniWWN03] | `–E. garudaA73 |–Parthenos [Parthenini]WWN03 | `–P. sylviaWWN03 | |–P. s. sylviaS72 | `–P. s. lilacinusS72 |–Neptis Fabricius 1807B00 [NeptidiniWWN03] | |–N. acerisP01 [=Nymphalis (Neptis) acerisG20] | |–N. agathaB01… Continue reading Limenitidinae


Belongs within: Nymphalinae. Hypolimnas, eggflies, is a genus of butterflies native to the Old World though the mimic H. misippus has also been introduced to the Americas (Braby 2000). Blue moon Published 27 June 2017 My native country of New Zealand is not home to a large diversity of butterflies. Only a couple of dozen… Continue reading Hypolimnas