Scarabaeinae

Belongs within: Scarabaeidae.Contains: Hyboma, Ateuchus, Lepanus, Demarziella, Copris, Amphistomus, Coptodactyla, Sisyphini, Eurysternus, Onitini, Onthophagini, Oniticellini, Phanaeini, Gymnopleurini, Deltochilini, Eucraniini, Circellium, Scarabaeini. The Scarabaeinae include the true dung beetles, so named for their use of dung as a food source for developing larvae. Dung beetles can be divided between tunnelling species (that burrow into and bury dung below or… Continue reading Scarabaeinae

Demarziella

Belongs within: Scarabaeinae. Demarziella is an genus of small dung beetles with oblique mid coxae and unarmed head and pronotum in both sexes. Species are found in near-coastal regions of northeastern Australia. Characters (from Matthews 1976, as Notopedaria): Oblong, feebly convex, fuscous, often bronzed and occasionally metallic, antenna1 clubs flavous, dorsally with stout and decumbent… Continue reading Demarziella

Onthophagus

Belongs within: Onthophagini. Onthophagus is a cosmopolitan genus of dung beetles with over 2000 species currently included (Philips 2016). Characters (from Ratcliffe et al. 2002): Body 2–12 mm in length, oval, convex. Head and/or pronotum often with horns or carinae. Scutellum hidden. Elytra with seven discal striae. Third labial palpomere small or inconspicuous. Antenna with… Continue reading Onthophagus

Scarabaeini

Belongs within: Scarabaeinae. The Scarabaeini are an Old World group of dung beetles with a profemoral setal brush composed of separate clumps of long and short setae. The hind legs are typically slender, with the hind tibia not widening significantly along their length. Members of the Scarabaeini are commonly rollers, collecting dung by forming it… Continue reading Scarabaeini

Lepanus

Belongs within: Scarabaeinae. Lepanus is an Australasian genus of small, often shiny dung beetles. Characters (from Matthews 1974): Broadly oval, small (1.6-6.5 mrn), moderately to very convex. Colour usually uniformly rufopiceous, sometimes with rufous areas or entirely rufous or flavous. Surfaces usually strongly nitid and glabrous, sometimes more matt and dorsally setose. Without dorsal carinae… Continue reading Lepanus

Amphistomus

Belongs within: Scarabaeinae. Amphistomus is an Australasian genus of dung beetles with a tuberculate dorsum and the underside of the pronotum deeply excavated to receive the fore legs. Characters (from Matthews 1974): Oblong, trapezoidal or convex in cross-section, sides often nearly vertical, dorsal surfaces often flat. Small to medium (4-10 mm). Colour rufous to piceous,… Continue reading Amphistomus

Onitini

Belongs within: Scarabaeinae. The Onitini are a group of large dung beetles lacking tarsi on the fore legs found in Africa and Eurasia. Synapomorphies (from Philips et al. 2004): Posterior margin of wing with a notch at MPc and in anal region; AA vein with a distinct branch near base forming an elongate cell with… Continue reading Onitini

Coptodactyla

Belongs within: Scarabaeinae. Coptodactyla is an Australasian genus of relatively large dung beetles lacking tarsi on the fore legs. Characters (from Matthews 1976): Oblong, feebly to strongly convex, largely glabrous. Entirely piceous, antennal clubs fuscous or rufous. Total length 9-18 mm. Head about 1.5-2 times as wide as long, genal angles obtuse. Clypeal margin feebly… Continue reading Coptodactyla

Eucraniini

Belongs within: Scarabaeinae. The Eucraniini are an Argentinean group of mostly flightless dung beetles found in dry, sandy areas (Philips et al. 2004). Synapomorphies (from Philips et al. 2004): Third labial palpomere attached basally on inner surface; basal glossal lobes elongate and distinct; mandible receptacle reduced or absent; antennal scape elbow absent; prothoracic apodemes composed… Continue reading Eucraniini

Oniticellini

Belongs within: Scarabaeinae. The Oniticellini are a tribe of dung beetles found in most parts of the world except Australia. Most oniticellin genera are tunnelers, burrowing alongside dung to bury it in place. Two genera, Tragiscus and Oniticellus, are unique among scarabaeines in constructing nests directly within dung rather than in external burrows (Philips et… Continue reading Oniticellini