Belongs within: Pleosporomycetidae. Wood freckles Published 22 August 2023 Among the myriad little-known fungi inhabiting the world are members of the family Patellariaceae. These are saprobes or weak parasites, typically found growing on dead wood or bark. Among the reasons for their obscurity is their size: Patellariaceae are minute, their fruiting bodies largely looking like… Continue reading Patellariaceae


Belongs within: Dothideomyceta.Contains: Roccellina, Dirina, Roccella. Lichens to dye for Published 28 November 2022 Most lichen species, it is probably fair to say, are little recognized for their economic impact on humans. Among the most notable exceptions is Roccella tinctoria, a fruticose lichen found on rocks and cliffs on the coast of Portugal and northern… Continue reading Roccellaceae


Belongs within: Sordariomyceta. The Sclerotiniaceae are a group of fungi that are pathogenic or saprobic on various parts of plants, particularly seeds and fruits (Kirk et al. 2001). Characters (from Kirk et al. 2001): Stromata present, as well-differentiated sclerotia or mummified host tissue. Ascomata apothecial, often long-stalked, usually brown, cupulate, without hairs, the stalk often… Continue reading Sclerotiniaceae


Belongs within: Pleosporomycetidae. The Venturiaceae are a group of fungi that are usually biotrophic or nectrophic on the leaves or stems of plants (Kirk et al. 2001). Characters (from Kirk et al. 2001): Ascomata perithecial, becoming superficial, usually small, more or less globose, sometimes aggregated into stromata, often setose or hairy, opening by a well-defined… Continue reading Venturiaceae


Belongs within: Sordariomycetidae.Contains: Chaetomiaceae, Sordariaceae, Podosporaceae, Lasiosphaeriaceae, Schizotheciaceae. The Sordariales: in the soil and under the skin Published 22 December 2021 Microfungi are a very important factor in our lives. They play a key role in assuring that we are not literally up to our armpits in shit. Their hungry little hyphae break down ordure,… Continue reading Sordariales


Belongs within: Opisthokonta.Contains: Trichoconis, Foveostroma, Taphrinales, Saccharomycetales, Pezizales, Orbiliaceae, Geoglossaceae, Sordariomyceta, Eurotiomycetes, Lecanoromycetes, Xylonales, Dothideomyceta, Lichinales. The Ascomycota are a diverse group of often multicellular fungi in which spores are produced within saccate asci. Characters (from Adl et al. 2019): Sexual reproduction within asci (saccate structures); meiosis usually followed by mitosis to produce from one to… Continue reading Ascomycota


Belongs within: Eurotiomycetidae.Contains: Penicillium. The Trichocomaceae are a group of saprobic fungi that are often able to tolerate extreme environmental conditions. Trichocomaceae [Aspergillaceae, Eurotiaceae, Thermoascaceae] |–+–PenicilliumSS09 | `–Eupenicillium Ludw. 1892SS09, KC01 [incl. Carpenteles Langeron 1922KC01] | |–E. brefeldianum (Dodge) Stolk & Scott 1967 (see below for synonymy)KC01 | |–E. javanicumGSSC02 | `–E. limosumSS09 |–+–Hamigera Stolk… Continue reading Trichocomaceae


Belongs within: Dothideomyceta. The Myriangiales are a group of mostly plant-pathogenic fungi, characterised by the development of a single ascus in each chamber of a well-developed, often gelatinous stroma. Myriangiales |–CookellaceaeKC01 | |–Pycnoderma Syd. 1914 [incl. Calolepis Syd. 1925, Pycnodermina Petr. 1954]KC01 | |–Uleomyces Henn. 1895 (see below for synonymy)KC01 | `–Cookella Sacc. 1878 [incl.… Continue reading Myriangiales


Belongs within: Hypocreales. The Hypocreaceae are a group of fungi with stroma ranging from 1 mmm to 5 cm or more in diameter, commonly found growing on bark, wood, or on the fruiting bodies of macrofungi (Rossman et al 1999). Characters (from Rossman et al. 1999): Stroma generally discrete or effuse, often light- to bright-coloured… Continue reading Hypocreaceae


Belongs within: Capnodiales.Contains: Passalora, Pseudocercospora, Cladosporium, Cercospora. The Mycosphaerellaceae are a group of often plant-pathogenic fungi including the genus Cercospora and related taxa, commonly associated with spot formation on leaves. Mycosphaerellaceae [Mycospherellales, Mycosphaerellineae] |–+–Davidiella tassianaSS09 [=Mycosphaerella tassianaKC01; incl. Cladosporium herbarumSS09] | `–CladosporiumSS09 `–Mycosphaerella Johanson 1884SS09, KC01 (see below for synonymy) | i. s.: M. africanaSH05… Continue reading Mycosphaerellaceae