Belongs within: Pleosporomycetidae. Wood freckles Published 22 August 2023 Among the myriad little-known fungi inhabiting the world are members of the family Patellariaceae. These are saprobes or weak parasites, typically found growing on dead wood or bark. Among the reasons for their obscurity is their size: Patellariaceae are minute, their fruiting bodies largely looking like… Continue reading Patellariaceae


Belongs within: Dothideomyceta.Contains: Roccellina, Dirina, Roccella. Lichens to dye for Published 28 November 2022 Most lichen species, it is probably fair to say, are little recognized for their economic impact on humans. Among the most notable exceptions is Roccella tinctoria, a fruticose lichen found on rocks and cliffs on the coast of Portugal and northern… Continue reading Roccellaceae


Belongs within: Pleosporomycetidae. The Venturiaceae are a group of fungi that are usually biotrophic or nectrophic on the leaves or stems of plants (Kirk et al. 2001). Characters (from Kirk et al. 2001): Ascomata perithecial, becoming superficial, usually small, more or less globose, sometimes aggregated into stromata, often setose or hairy, opening by a well-defined… Continue reading Venturiaceae


Belongs within: Dothideomyceta. The Myriangiales are a group of mostly plant-pathogenic fungi, characterised by the development of a single ascus in each chamber of a well-developed, often gelatinous stroma. Myriangiales |–CookellaceaeKC01 | |–Pycnoderma Syd. 1914 [incl. Calolepis Syd. 1925, Pycnodermina Petr. 1954]KC01 | |–Uleomyces Henn. 1895 (see below for synonymy)KC01 | `–Cookella Sacc. 1878 [incl.… Continue reading Myriangiales


Belongs within: Capnodiales.Contains: Passalora, Pseudocercospora, Cladosporium, Cercospora. The Mycosphaerellaceae are a group of often plant-pathogenic fungi including the genus Cercospora and related taxa, commonly associated with spot formation on leaves. Mycosphaerellaceae [Mycospherellales, Mycosphaerellineae] |–+–Davidiella tassianaSS09 [=Mycosphaerella tassianaKC01; incl. Cladosporium herbarumSS09] | `–CladosporiumSS09 `–Mycosphaerella Johanson 1884SS09, KC01 (see below for synonymy) | i. s.: M. africanaSH05… Continue reading Mycosphaerellaceae


Belongs within: Dothideomyceta.Contains: Dothideaceae. The Pseudoperisporiaceae: fungi on leaves, fungi on fungi Published 16 May 2016 As has been noted on this site before, the world of microscopic fungi includes a bewildering array of species that may never come to your attention but are in fact all around you. These organisms quietly live out their… Continue reading Dothideales


Belongs within: Pleosporales. The Pleosporaceae are a family of fungi including both saprobic species and necrotrophic pathogens, some of which are economically significant. Curvularia lunata is also known as a pathogen of humans, potentially causing facultative infections through breaks in the skin or inhalation. Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Ascomata perithecial, more or less… Continue reading Pleosporaceae


Belongs within: Dothideomyceta. The Parodiopsidaceae are a family of fungi that are either biotrophic on leaves or hyperparasitic on sooty moulds (Cannon & Kirk 2007). Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Mycelium superficial, dark, usually setose or hyphopodiate. Ascomata superficial, perithecial, sometimes stalked, globose, small, thin-walled, opening by breakdown of apical cells to form an… Continue reading Parodiopsidaceae


Belongs within: Dothideomyceta. The Schizothyriaceae are a family of fungi that are mostly saprobic epiphytes on leaves or stems (Cannon & Kirk 2007). Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Ascomata thyrothecial, strongly flattened or crustose, rounded or elongate, opening by irregular splits; upper wall brown, composed of a single layer of more or less epidermoid… Continue reading Schizothyriaceae


Belongs within: Pleosporomycetidae. The Hysteriaceae are a family of fungi that are mostly saprobic on wood or bark, with some species lichenicolous (Cannon & Kirk 2007). Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Ascostromata perithecial, erumpent or superficial, often aggregated, elongated, sometimes branched, wider than tall, opening by a longitudinal split; peridium black, very thick-walled, composed… Continue reading Hysteriaceae