Sclerotiniaceae

Belongs within: Sordariomyceta. The Sclerotiniaceae are a group of fungi that are pathogenic or saprobic on various parts of plants, particularly seeds and fruits (Kirk et al. 2001). Characters (from Kirk et al. 2001): Stromata present, as well-differentiated sclerotia or mummified host tissue. Ascomata apothecial, often long-stalked, usually brown, cupulate, without hairs, the stalk often… Continue reading Sclerotiniaceae

Sordariales

Belongs within: Sordariomycetidae.Contains: Chaetomiaceae, Sordariaceae, Podosporaceae, Lasiosphaeriaceae, Schizotheciaceae. The Sordariales: in the soil and under the skin Published 22 December 2021 Microfungi are a very important factor in our lives. They play a key role in assuring that we are not literally up to our armpits in shit. Their hungry little hyphae break down ordure,… Continue reading Sordariales

Hypocreaceae

Belongs within: Hypocreales. The Hypocreaceae are a group of fungi with stroma ranging from 1 mmm to 5 cm or more in diameter, commonly found growing on bark, wood, or on the fruiting bodies of macrofungi (Rossman et al 1999). Characters (from Rossman et al. 1999): Stroma generally discrete or effuse, often light- to bright-coloured… Continue reading Hypocreaceae

Erysiphaceae

Belongs within: Sordariomyceta. The Erysiphaceae are a group of fungi including the powdery mildews. Members of this family have a white mycelium producing large, non-septate conidia on simple, erect conidiophores, and indehiscent perithecia containing non-septate ascospores. <==Erysiphaceae [Erysiphales, Erysiphomycetidae]EB03 |–Sphaerotheca Lév. 1851 (nom. cons.)LK04, KC01 (see below for synonymy) | |–S. cucurbitaeLK04 | `–S. mors-uvaeKC01… Continue reading Erysiphaceae

Sordariomyceta

Belongs within: Ascomycota.Contains: Laboulbeniomycetes, Sordariomycetes, Rhytismatales, Thelebolaceae, Dermateaceae, Sclerotiniaceae, Hyaloscyphaceae, Erysiphaceae. Mystery fungus Published 24 August 2018 For this week’s semi-random taxon, I drew the fungal genus Trichangium. Unfortunately, there’s not much I can say about this one. The single species of this genus, Trichangium vinosum was described by German mycologist Wilhelm Kirchstein in 1935… Continue reading Sordariomyceta

Trichosphaeriaceae

Belongs within: Diaporthomycetidae. The Trichosphaeriaceae are a family of saprobic fungi most commonly found on wood and bark (Cannon & Kirk 2007). Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Stromata absent, or reduced to a hyphal subiculum. Ascomata perithecial, superficial, often aggregated, ± globose, black, often thick-walled, usually setose, the ostiole papillate, periphysate; peridium composed of… Continue reading Trichosphaeriaceae

Calosphaeriales

Belongs within: Diaporthomycetidae. The Calosphaeriaceae are a family of fungi that mostly appear to be saprobes in dead bark. Calosphaeriales [Jobellisiales]HM17 |–PleurostomataceaeHM17 | |–Pleurostoma Tul. & Tul. 1863 [incl. Neoarcangelia Berl. 1900]KC01 | | `–P. oothecaSS09 | `–PleurostomophoraHM17 | |–P. repensHM17 | `–P. richardsiaeHM17 `–+–Jobellisia Barr 1993HM17, KC01 [Jobellisiaceae] | |–J. guangdongensisHM17 | `–+–J. fraternaHM17… Continue reading Calosphaeriales

Lasiosphaeriaceae

Belongs within: Sordariales. The Lasiosphaeriaceae are a family of saprobes found in dung, soil and rotting vegetation (Cannon & Kirk 2007). Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Stromata absent, rarely with a basal subiculum. Ascomata perithecial, dark, often thick-walled, ostiolate or not, often hairy or ornamented, the ostiole if presen t periphysate. Interascal tissue often… Continue reading Lasiosphaeriaceae

Bionectriaceae

Belongs within: Hypocreales.Contains: Ijuhya, Nectriopsis, Pronectria, Nectriella, Hydropisphaera. The Bionectriaceae are a family of fungi producing pallid ascomata that are generally superficial or immersed in their substratum (Rossman et al. 1999). Characters (from Rossman et al. 1999): Ascomata perithecial, rarely cleistothecal, white, yellow, orange to tan or brown, not changing colour in KOH or lactic acid, centrum… Continue reading Bionectriaceae

Niessliaceae

Belongs within: Hypocreales. The Niessliaceae are a family of fungi that are saprobic on leaves or wood. Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Ascomata perithecial, superficial on or rarely immersed in a subiculum or crustose stroma, small, ± globose, sometimes collapsing when dry, pale to dark brown, often setose or ornamented, the ostiole periphysate; peridium… Continue reading Niessliaceae