Oligorhynchiidae

Belongs within: Rhynchonellida. The Oligorhynchiidae Published 11 September 2021 From Oligochiton, we move onto Oligorhynchia. The Oligorhynchiidae are a family of very small brachiopods known from the Middle and Late Ordovician. They were among the earliest representatives of the Rhynchonellida, a major group of brachiopods that survives to the present day. Rhynchonellidan shells are usually… Continue reading Oligorhynchiidae

Dalmanellidae

Belongs within: Enteletida. Uncertain Dalmanella Published 26 December 2018 The photo above (copyright Dave), may or may not show Dalmanella, a brachiopod originally described from the later Ordovician of Sweden. Dalmanella belongs to the Orthida, one of the earliest groups of articulate brachiopods to appear in the fossil record (‘articulate’ meaning that the two valves… Continue reading Dalmanellidae

Camarotoechiidae

Belongs within: Rhynchonellida. The Camarotoechiidae are a group of medium-sized to large brachiopods known from the Silurian to the Permian (Ager et al. 1965). Characters (from Ager et al. 1965): Medium-sized to large, round or elliptical in outline, sides and front never truncated; costae generally rounded. Brachial valve with high median septum or ridge; hinge… Continue reading Camarotoechiidae

Delthyrididae

Belongs within: Spiriferida. The Delthyrididae are a group of spiriferid brachiopods known from the Lower Silurian to the Middle Devonian (Boucot et al. 1965). Characters (from Boucot et al. 1965): Biconvex, weakly to strongly transverse; lateral slopes plicate or costate; fold and sulcus smooth or with median rib in sulcus and median groove on fold;… Continue reading Delthyrididae

Cyrtospiriferoidea

Belongs within: Spiriferida.Contains: Cyrtospirifer. The Cyrtospiriferoidea are a group of Devonian spiriferids characterised by the presence of a delthyrial plate. <==CyrtospiriferoideaRG04 |–Spinocyrtiidae [Guerichellinae, Spinocyrtiinae]RG04 | |–Acutatheca Stainbrook 1945BJ65 | | `–*A. propria Stainbrook 1945BJ65 | |–Alatiformia Struve 1963M65 | | `–*A. alatiformis (Drevermann 1907) [=Spirifer alatiformis]M65 | |–Allanella Crickmay 1953 [=Allanaria Crickmay 1953]BJ65 | |… Continue reading Cyrtospiriferoidea

Cancellothyrididae

Belongs within: Terebratulida. The cancellothyridids: a modern success story Published 3 June 2015 As has been noted on this site more than once before, brachiopods are a group of animals probably more familiar to the student of palaeontology than of zoology. From the brief gloss that tends to be their only coverage in textbooks, one… Continue reading Cancellothyrididae

Rhipidothyridae

Belongs within: Centronellidae. The Rhipidothyrididae: brachiopods of the Devonian Published 28 March 2015 In the modern world, the brachiopods are an unfamiliar group to most people. To most, they would probably not be readily distinguished from the much more abundant bivalves that they superficially resemble (a resemblance that is literally only skin deep: brachiopods and… Continue reading Rhipidothyridae

Pentamerida

Belongs within: Rhynchonellata.Contains: Stricklandioidea, Gypidulidae, Clorindinae, Pentameridae, Virgianidae, Huenellidae, Clarkellidae, Camerellidae, Parastrophinidae, Tetralobulidae. The Pentamerida are a group of brachiopods known from the Middle Cambrian to the Upper Devonian, with an impunctate shell and an unrestricted pedicle opening. In the Middle Cambrian to Lower Devonian Porambonitacea, the brachiophores are united by supporting plates of variable… Continue reading Pentamerida

Atrypida

Belongs within: Rhynchonellata.Contains: Zygospiridae, Lissatrypidae, Atrypidae, Davidsoniidae. The Atrypida are a group of spiralia-bearing brachiopods known from the Middle Ordovician to Upper Devonian. Members of this group may be divided between the Atrypacea, in which the spiralia are directed medially or dorsomedially, and the Dayiacea, in which the spiralia are directed ventrally or laterally, or… Continue reading Atrypida

Pentameridae

Belongs within: Pentamerida. The Pentameridae were a family of brachiopods that lived from the Upper Ordovician to the Lower Devonian (Amsden & Biernat 1965). In some genera, such as Conchidium and Lissocoelina, the pedicle valve is distinctly rostrate, arching over the brachial valve. Characters (from Amsden & Biernat 1965, as Pentamerinae): Moderate to large size,… Continue reading Pentameridae