Belongs within: Carangimorpharia.Contains: Abudefduf, Chrominae, Chrysiptera, Stegastes. The Pomacentridae, damselfishes or demoiselles, are a primarily tropical group of fishes commonly found around rocky and coral reefs (Allen 2001). Characters (from Allen 2001): Small percoid fishes (to about 25 cm); body elongate to rounded in lateral profile, and laterally compressed. Eye medium sized, generally exceeding snout… Continue reading Pomacentridae


Belongs within: Pomacentridae.Contains: Amphiprion, Pomacentrus. Chrysiptera is a genus of relatively deep-bodied damselfishes, with body depth usually greater than two times in standard length (Allen 2001). The violet demoiselle Published 21 December 2016 Meet the violet demoiselle Neopomacentrus violascens (shown above in a photo by J. E. Randall). This little fish (adults get up to… Continue reading Chrysiptera


Belongs within: Pomacentridae. Abudefduf is a pantropical genus of relatively large damselfishes that are often marked by dark bars (Allen 1975). Characters (from Allen 1975): Margin of preopercle and suborbital entire; notch between preorbital and suborbital absent; dorsal spines XIII; pectoral rays usually 18 to 20; gill rakers usually 21 to 27; tubed lateral-lined scales… Continue reading Abudefduf


Belongs within: Chrysiptera. Pomacentrus is an Indo-West Pacific genus of damselfishes with a serrate preopercle and biserial teeth at the front of the jaws (Allen 1975). Characters (from Allen 1975): Greatest body depth 1.7–2.6 in SL; margin of suborbital usually serrate, occasionally entire; margin of preopercle usually with distinct serrae, occasionally weak; usually a prominent… Continue reading Pomacentrus


Belongs within: Chrysiptera. Amphiprion, the anemonefishes or clownfishes, is an Indo-Pacific genus of small, boldly coloured fishes that typically live in commensal associations with large sea anemones (Allen 1975). Characters (from Allen 1975): Body ovate or oblong; teeth conical or incisiform; preorbital and suborbital with one or more serrations; opercle, subopercle and interopercle with strong… Continue reading Amphiprion


Belongs within: Chrominae. Chromis is a pantropical genus of damselfishes commonly possessing an elongate body and relatively small mouth (Allen 1975). Characters (from Allen 1975): Dorsal spines XII to XIV; two to three spiniform procurrent caudal rays; hind edge of preopercle usually entire, occasionally with minute serrations; teeth of jaws small and conical, outer row… Continue reading Chromis


Belongs within: Exocoetoidei. The Exocoetidae, flyingfishes, are warm-water marine fishes characterised by extremely long pectoral fins used for gliding above the surface of the water. Characters (from Collette 2002): Pectoral fins exceptionally long, wing-like; pelvic fins sometimes also enlarged; caudal fins very deeply forked, outer tips rounded, lower lobe longer. Mouth small. Scales large, rounded.… Continue reading Exocoetidae


Belongs within: Blenniidae.Contains: Hypsoblennius, Pictiblennius. The Blenniini are a tribe of blennies with relatively unspecialised dentition and lacking a swimbladder (Bath 1977). Characters (from Bath 1977): Dentition unspecialised; caudal fin rays branched; interopercular lacking a ventrocaudal spine; well-developed basisphenoid, intercalar and pterosphenoid present; two normal postcleithral; bifurcated posttemporal; supracleithrum articulating anteriorly only with posttemporal; five… Continue reading Blenniini


Belongs within: Carangimorpharia. The Mugilidae, mullets, are coastal marine to freshwater fishes that feed on vegetable matter, mud and detritus (Thompson 2002). Characters (from Thompson 2002): Two dorsal fins, first with weak spines and second with rays. Teeth small or absent; gill rakers long; alimentary tract consisting of gizzard, thick-walled stomach, and long, coiled intestine.… Continue reading Mugilidae


Belongs within: Atherinoidei. The Atherinidae, silversides, are a group of small, elongate fishes found in both freshwater and marine habitats, often in large schools. The Indo-West Pacific genus Atherion differs from other members of the family in the presence of distinct rows and clusters of spinelets on the head, together with the absence of teeth… Continue reading Atherinidae