Belongs within: Atherinomorpha.Contains: Belonidae, Exocoetidae. The Exocoetoidei are a group of fishes in which the lower jaw is elongate for at least part of the life history. Members of the suborder also possess a plate-like process on the posterioventral part of the basioccipital, one nasal opening on each side of the head, a median lower… Continue reading Exocoetoidei


Belongs within: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Tilapia is a genus of cichlid fishes, found in southern Africa, in which the articulation of the base of the skull with the upper pharyngeal bones is formed from the parasphenoid alone. <==Tilapia |–*T. (Tilapia) sparrmaniiB06 |–T. (Coptodon)STP94 | |–T. (C.) deckerti Thys van den Audenaerde 1967STP94, B06 | |–T. (C.) guineensis… Continue reading Tilapia


Belongs within: Exocoetoidei. The Belonidae, needlefishes, are a group of fast-swimming predatory fishes in which the jaws are prolonged to form a long, slim beak with numerous teeth (Collette 2002). <==Belonidae |–Ablennes hians (Valenciennes 1846)C02 [=Belone hiansM58] |–Eurycaulus persimilis [incl. E. dorsalis]G75 |–Thalassosteus appendiculata (Klunzinger 1871) [=Belone appendiculata]M58 |–Stenocaulus krefftii (Günther 1866) [=Belone krefftii, Tylosurus… Continue reading Belonidae


Belongs within: Blennioidei.Contains: Omobranchus, Salariidae, Blenniini. The Blenniidae, blennies, are a group of small, shallow-water fishes with a normally naked, elongate body, well-developed pectoral and vertical fins, and reduced pelvic fins with the rays hidden in thick tissue (Smith 1959). Blenniidae [Petroscirtinae] |–+–SalariidaeND13 | `–Ophioblennius [Ophioblenniinae]ND13 | |–O. atlanticusND13 | `–O. webbiiCS77 `–+–BlenniiniND13 `–+–Enchelyurus Peters… Continue reading Blenniidae


Belongs within: Cichlidae.Contains: Ectodini, Haplochromini, Tropheini, Neolamprologus, Tilapia, Oreochromis, Chromidotilapiini, Astatotilapia, Sarotherodon. Steatocranus gibbiceps, the rapid river bumphead Published 8 August 2021 The cichlid fishes of the Great Lakes of Africa are rightly renowned as one of the world’s most spectacular species radiations. Hundreds of species, occupying a wide range of ecological niches, have evolved… Continue reading Pseudocrenilabrinae


Belongs within: Haplochromini. Harpagochromis is a genus of large predatory cichlids found in Lake Victoria and neighbouring water bodies (Greenwood 1980). Characters (from Greenwood 1980): Robust and deep to relatively deep-bodied (body depth 30–42% standard length), reaching large maximum adult size (146–200 mm standard length). Mouth generally horizontal or slightly oblique, sometimes distinctly oblique; lower… Continue reading Harpagochromis


Belongs within: Haplochromini. Prognathochromis is a genus of slender-bodied, large-mouthed cichlids found in Lake Victoria and neighbouring lakes (Greenwood 1980). Characters (from Greenwood 1980): Body form variable, from shallow to deep (24–45% standard length) but usually relatively slender (body depth 30–34% SL), never markedly compressed. Lower jaw long (41–62% head length) with prominent mental protuberance;… Continue reading Prognathochromis


Belongs within: Astatotilapia. Lipochromis is a genus of cichlids found in Lake Victoria, characteristed by a thick-lipped, widely distensible and protractile mouth with small teeth deeply embedded in the oral mucosa (Greenwood 1980). Lipochromis Regan 1920G80 |–L. (Cleptochromis Greenwood 1980)G80 | |–L. (*C.) parvidens (Boulenger 1911)G80 [=Paratilapia parvidensG80, Haplochromis parvidensG74] | `–+–L. (C.) cryptodon (Greenwood… Continue reading Lipochromis


Belongs within: Atherinomorpha.Contains: Cyprinodontidae, Fundulidae, Poeciliidae. The Cyprinodontiformes, killifishes and related forms, are a cosmopolitan group of small fishes usually found in estuarine or marine environments (Bond 1996). Members include the four-eyed fishes of the Anablepidae, in which the pupil is divided between an upper and a lower section to enable simultaneous vision above and… Continue reading Cyprinodontiformes