Belongs within: Holometabola.Contains: Raphidioptera, Megaloptera, Coniopterygidae, Euneuroptera. The Neuropterida are a clade of largely predatory insects whose wings are often densely veined. Members are united by possession of a medially divided metapostnotum, the first abdominal tergum having a caudally bifid longitudinal sulcus, the fusion of the gonoplacs in the ovipositor, and a proventriculus with an… Continue reading Neuropterida


Belongs within: Neoneuroptera.Contains: Psectra, Micromus, Hemerobius. The Hemerobiidae, brown lacewings, are generally smaller lacewings that are mostly generalist predators. They are typically found on trees and shrubs (more rarely on low vegetation) and are often very cryptic, dropping and feigning death when disturbed. Larvae are active predators with short body hairs that do not carry… Continue reading Hemerobiidae


Belongs within: Euneuroptera. The Osmylidae are a diverse group of moderate-sized to large lacewings that typically have camouflaging patterns on their wings. Larvae are long and slender with elongate, lance-like jaws and are most commonly found in moist riparian habitats. Some members of the clade Osmylomorpha have larvae living in drier locations (Engel et al.… Continue reading Osmylidae


Belongs within: Neoneuroptera.Contains: Nemopteridae, Ascalaphidae, Myrmeleontidae, Prohemerobiidae, Kalligrammatidae. The Myrmeleontiformia are a lineage of lacewings including the ant-lions, owlflies and related taxa, united by the presence in larvae of a modified prementum resembling a labial palp segment, and by features of the adult genitalia (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). Members include the Psychopsidae, broad-winged lacewings found… Continue reading Myrmeleontiformia


Belongs within: Neuropterida. The Coniopterygidae, dustywings, are a group of minute lacewings, generally with wingspans less than 7 mm, and with reduced wing venation and a dense covering of a waxy or mealy secretion (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). The wings are coupled by hamuli though the hind wings may occasionally be reduced (New 1991). Larvae… Continue reading Coniopterygidae


Belongs within: Neuropterida. The Megaloptera, alderflies and dobsonflies, are a group of long-winged insects with aquatic predatory larvae. Recent species are divided between the families Sialidae and Corydalidae; Corydalidae have three ocelli and simple tarsi whereas Sialidae lack ocelli and have the fourth tarsal segment prominently bilobed. Males of some Corydalidae have the mandibles enormously… Continue reading Megaloptera


Belongs within: Myrmeleontiformia.Contains: Cymothales, Protoplectrini, Myrmeleontini, Distoleontini, Periclystina, Dendroleontina. The Myrmeleontidae, ant-lions, are a group of lacewings found in arid and semi-arid regions, best known for the conical pits built by the larvae of many species. The larva lies buried in the base of its pit, feeding on any insects that fall in. Most myrmeleontids… Continue reading Myrmeleontidae


Belongs within: Megachilini. Hackeriapis is an Australasian genus of relatively small resin bees, most of which (excepting some larger species) have strong transverse grooves on the second and third metasomal tergites (Michener 1965). Resinous confusion Published 12 February 2024 Australia (like most other parts of the world) is home to a wide diversity of solitary… Continue reading Hackeriapis


Belongs within: Tenthredinoidea. The Pergidae are a group of sawflies most diverse in Australia and South America with fewer species in North America and Asia. They are divided between numerous subfamilies with the largest species belonging to the Australasian Perginae. Larvae of this subfamily are often notable defoliators of Eucalyptus. Perginae and Philomastix have the… Continue reading Pergidae


Belongs within: Panorpoidea.Contains: Selidosemidae, Trifidae, Micropterigidae, Glossata. The Lepidoptera are the moths and butterflies, one of the most familiar groups of insects. The name ‘Lepidoptera’ means ‘scaly wings’, referring to the most distinctive feature of the group, an extensive covering of scales on the wings and body. In basal forms, these scales are solid structures… Continue reading Lepidoptera