Belongs within: Panorpoidea.Contains: Selidosemidae, Trifidae, Micropterigidae, Glossata. The Lepidoptera are the moths and butterflies, one of the most familiar groups of insects. The name ‘Lepidoptera’ means ‘scaly wings’, referring to the most distinctive feature of the group, an extensive covering of scales on the wings and body. In basal forms, these scales are solid structures… Continue reading Lepidoptera


Belongs within: Heteroneura.Contains: Tineidae, Apoditrysia, Yponomeutoidea, Gracillariidae, Lyonetiidae, Psychinae. The Ditrysia are a major clade of Lepidoptera accounting for some 98% of the species of the order. They are characterised by female genitalia with an internal connection between the copulatory opening and ovipore, as well as by large apodemes on the second abdominal sternite and… Continue reading Ditrysia

Categorised as Ditrysia


Belongs within: Lepidoptera.Contains: Heteroneura, Exoporia. The Glossata are the clade of Lepidoptera in which the mouthparts have become modified into a long coiled proboscis (though this has been lost in various subgroups). The proboscis also bears intrinsic musculature conveying greater mobility in members of the Neopseustidae, Exoporia and Heteroneura though such musculature is absent in… Continue reading Glossata


Belongs within: Ditrysia.Contains: Tinea. The Tineidae are a group of small to medium-sized moths that rest with the body flat and the wings tented, and often tend to run when disturbed rather than fly. They are characterised by a more or less vestigial proboscis and antennae with a single row of scales on each segment.… Continue reading Tineidae

Categorised as Tineidae


Belongs within: Mecopteroidea. The Bittacidae, hanging-flies, are a group of large, predatory scorpionflies that commonly hunt by hanging from vegetation with their fore legs and grasping prey with the hind legs. Larvae are saprophagous and bear dorsal rows of conspicuous fleshy processes. Bittacids are widespread around the world, being particularly diverse in Australia and South… Continue reading Bittacidae


Belongs within: Cyclorrhapha.Synapomorphies: Odiniidae, Periscelididae, Carnidae, Agromyzidae, Sphaeroceridae, Ephydroidea, Calyptratae, Tephritoidea, Chyromyidae, Opomyzidae, Sepsidae, Chloropidae, Milichiidae, Diopsidae, Canacidae, Nerioidea, Aulacigastridae, Tanypezoidea, Heleomyzidae, Sciomyzoidea, Lauxanioidea, Ropalomeridae, Asteiidae, Psilidae, Clusiidae, Pallopteridae. The Schizophora is a major clade of flies distinguished by the presence of the ptilinum, an eversible membrane in the head that is filled with fluid… Continue reading Schizophora


Belongs within: Mecopteroidea.Contains: Ctenophthalmidae, Pulicidae, Malacopsylloidea, Ceratophyllidae, Pygiopsyllidae, Hystrichopsyllidae. The Siphonaptera are the fleas, wingless parasites of birds and mammals. Modern fleas are laterally flattened, with strong jumping abilities. Larvae are vermiform and usually free-living in the nest or burrow of the host, feeding on organic debris. The Cretaceous Tarwinia australis is well supported as… Continue reading Siphonaptera


Belongs within: Sarcophagini.Contains: Sarcophaga (Heteronychia), Sarcophaga (Liosarcophaga), Sarcophaga (Sarcosolomonia), Sarcophaga (Sarcorohdendorfia). Sarcophaga is a cosmopolitan genus of generally large flies. Circumscription of this genus relative to others in the Sarcophagidae has been subject to some change with authors differing on whether various sarcophagid taxa should be treated as subgenera of Sarcophaga or as separate genera.… Continue reading Sarcophaga


Belongs within: Calyptratae.Contains: Atherigona, Azeliinae, Reinwardtiinae, Coenosiinae, Mydaeinae. The Muscidae, house flies, are a cosmopolitan group of ecologically diverse flies. Members are characterised by wings with vein A1 extending halfway to the wing margin and hind tibiae lacking a mid-dorsal bristle (Savage & Vockeroth 2010). Representatives include Achanthiptera rohrelliformis, a yellowish fly found in the… Continue reading Muscidae


Belongs within: Schizophora. The Sphaeroceridae are a family of small to minute flies often found on animal dung or other organic matter. They can usually be readily distinguished from other flies by the appearance of the first segment of the hind tarsus, which is distinctly swollen and/or shorter than the following segments (Colless & McAlpine… Continue reading Sphaeroceridae