Belongs within: Ceratopogonidae. The Culicoidini are a group of biting midges whose females commonly feed on the blood of vertebrates, with some Culicoides species being vectors of parasites or viruses. Some species can be significant pests in the latter regard, with attacks from Culicoides furens in coastal regions in Central America being bad enough to… Continue reading Culicoidini


Belongs within: Culicidae. Culex is a large genus of mosquitoes, a number of species of which are significant disease vectors. Females of Culex species lay eggs in rafts of large numbers of eggs, up to 200 at a time. Larvae of the subgenus of Lutzia are predatory; members of this subgenus differ as adults from… Continue reading Culex


Belongs within: Simuliidae. Simulium is a major genus of black flies. A number of species are significant disease vectors; for instance, the African species S. damnosum and S. neavei transmit the river blindness-causing nematode Onchocerca volvulus (Askew 1971). The Neotropical species S. sanguineum transmits another filarial nematode species, Manzonella ozzardi (Adler & Currie 2009). Species… Continue reading Simulium


Belongs within: Culicidae. Uranotaenia is a genus of generally very small mosquitoes with reduced micropilosity on the wings (Liehne 1991). Characters (from Liehne 1991): Adult generally very small; vertex mainly with broad flat scales; proboscis long, slender, frequently swollen apically; palps short; scutum usually very strongly arched; pleura often with distinct lateral lines of iridescent… Continue reading Uranotaenia


Belongs within: Culicidae. Tripteroides is a genus of mosquitoes which possess bristles on the spiracular area but whose wings lack bristles on the stem vein and ventral surface of the subcosta (Liehne 1991). Characters (from Liehne 1991): Adult with vertex clothed with broad flat scales, upright forked scales few in number and confined to occiput;… Continue reading Tripteroides


Belongs within: Ceratopogonidae. Forcipomyia is a diverse genus of hairy biting midges. Characters (from Downes & Wirth 1981): Female antenna with 13 flagellomeres. Wing with C short or long; cell r2+3 usually short, but if long distinctly narrow; crossvein r-m present; microtrichia minute; macrotrichia moderately abundant, sloping, often scale-like, covering most of wing; fringe complex,… Continue reading Forcipomyia


Belongs within: Ceratopogonidae. The Sphaeromiini are a group of biting midges whose females have a series of stout, blunt spines on the underside of the fifth tarsomere (Downes & Wirth 1981). Characters (from Downes & Wirth 1981): Female antenna with 13 flagellomeres. Wing with M forking at or before crossvein r-m, medial fork sessile. Tarsomere… Continue reading Sphaeromiini


Belongs within: Ceratopogonidae. The Ceratopogonini are a group of biting midges whose eyes are usually pubescent and wings often milky in appearance (Downes & Wirth 1981). Characters (from Downes & Wirth 1981): Eye usually pubescent. Female antenna with 13 flagellomeres. Wing often milky. Cell r2+3 usually small, not or only a little longer than cell… Continue reading Ceratopogonini


Belongs within: Chironomidae. The Tanytarsini are a group of non-biting midges with a long first tarsomere on the fore leg and usually with macrotrichia on the wings (Oliver 1981). Insects never fail to amaze Published 22 June 2007 Recently I saw my first ever specimen of Archaeognatha. I was going to write on that, so… Continue reading Tanytarsini


Belongs within: Chironomidae. The Procladiini are a group of non-biting midges characterised by wings with a long stem to the cubital fork, at least half as long as CuA2, with the cubital fork being distal to crossvein m-cu. <==ProcladiiniSA09 |–Djalmabatista pulchraSA09 |–Laurotanypus travassosi Oliveira, Messias & da Silva-Vasconcelos 1992SA09 `–Procladius Skuse 1889S89 | i. s.:… Continue reading Procladiini