Belongs within: Ephydroidea. The Tethinidae are a group of small to medium-sized flies usually associated with coastal marine or saline habitats. They may be distinguished from similar flies by the absence of well-developed genal setae, the presence of a single costal break and a complete cell cup in the wing, and the absence of a… Continue reading Tethinidae


Belongs within: Drosophilidae.Contains: Drosophila (Drosophila), Drosophila (Sophophora). Drosophila is a diverse, cosmopolitan genus of vinegar flies; the monophyly of the genus as generally recognised is currently under debate. Many species have become widely dispersed outside their native ranges as a result of human activity. One of these is southeast Asian native D. busckii, a small,… Continue reading Drosophila


Belongs within: Ephydroidea. The Diastatidae are a group of small, drosophilid-like flies found primarily among lush, low vegetation, often in relatively damp locations. The classification of this group has historically been disputed with Diastata alternatively placed within the Ephydridae, in which case the remaining genera are treated as the Campichoetidae (Mathis 2010). Characters (from Mathis… Continue reading Diastatidae

Drosophila (Sophophora)

Belongs within: Drosophila. Drosophila subgenus Sophophora is a genus of vinegar flies most diverse in central Africa and southeast Asia, with a number of species (included the widely studied D. melanogaster) introduced worldwide (Grimaldi 2010). <==Drosophila (Sophophora Sturtevant 1939)ICZN10 |–+–D. (S.) obscuraRV05 | `–D. (S.) pseudoobscuraRV05 `–+–D. (S.) erectaRV05 |–D. (S.) yakubaRV05 `–+–D. (*S.) melanogaster… Continue reading Drosophila (Sophophora)


Belongs within: Ephydroidea. The Gymnomyzinae are a group of shore flies with typically pectinate aristae and small prescutellar acrostichal setae. Representatives include the cosmopolitan predatory genus Ochthera in which the fore legs are raptorial with the femur enlarged and the tibia bearing a large apical spur. Members of the tribe Gastropsini have a trigonal face,… Continue reading Gymnomyzinae


Belongs within: Ephydroidea. The Ephydrinae are a group of shore flies with lateroclinate fronto-orbital setae, and a large, cavernous subcranial cavity. The subcranial cavity is larger and the median facial area and lower facial margin are setose in members of the tribes Scatellini and Ephydrini, whereas Parydra and Dagini often have a smaller subcranial cavity… Continue reading Ephydrinae


Belongs within: Ephydroidea. The Discomyzinae are a group of shore flies with pectinate aristae and large prescutellar acrostichal bristles. They are divided between the Psilopini, in which the face is generally smooth and vein R4+5 is dorsally bare, and Discomyzini, in which the face may be coarsely sculpted and vein R4+5 generally bear two to… Continue reading Discomyzinae


Belongs within: Schizophora.Contains: Tethinidae, Drosophilidae, Diastatidae, Gymnomyzinae, Ephydrinae, Discomyzinae, Hydrelliinae. The Ephydroidea are a clade of mostly small flies supported by molecular data, members of which possess a single pair of proclinate fronto-orbital bristles and precoxal bridges. Members include the Ephydridae, shore flies, a group of flies with a sclerotised, often protruding face commonly associated… Continue reading Ephydroidea

Drosophila (Drosophila)

Belongs within: Drosophila. Drosophila subgenus Drosophila is one of the major recognised subdivisions of the large genus Drosophila. Two major subdivisions have been recognised within the subgenus as the virilis-repleta and quinaria-tripunctata sections; a phylogenetic study by Robe et al. (2005) supported the monophyly of the former as well as a clade including most (but… Continue reading Drosophila (Drosophila)

Categorised as Ephydroidea


Belongs within: Ephydroidea.Contains: Drosophila. The Drosophilidae are a family of generally small flies, often feeding on fungi as larvae. Larvae of the genus Scaptomyza are leaf miners, and those of many Steganinae are predators on Sternorrhyncha. Most drosophilids have plumes on both sides of the antennal arista, and three pairs of fronto-orbital bristles with the… Continue reading Drosophilidae