Tephritidae

Belongs within: Tephritoidea.Contains: Acanthonevrini, Bactrocera, Tephritis, Rhagoletis, Aciurina. The Tephritidae include the fruit flies, a number of species of which are significant agricultural pests. The greater number of species are fruit- or seed-feeders as larvae; a number of Phytalmyiinae are saprophages in habitats such as fallen wood or damaged bamboo and some Tephritinae feed within induced… Continue reading Tephritidae

Tephritoidea

Belongs within: Schizophora.Contains: Lonchaeidae, Richardiidae, Piophilidae, Ulidiidae, Tephritidae, Pyrgotidae. The Tephritoidea are a group of acalyptrate flies united by the reduction or loss of sternite 6 in the male, the presence in females of anterior rod-like apodemes on sternites 4 to 7, and division of the female tergosternite 7 into two sections, with the anterior… Continue reading Tephritoidea

Pyrgotidae

Belongs within: Tephritoidea. The Pyrgotidae are a group of flies whose larvae are endoparasites of adult scarabaeid beetles. They may be divided between the subfamilies Pyrgotinae, in which sternites 1 and 2 are fused into a synsternite, and the Neotropical Teretrurinae, in which these sternites remain free (Hernández-Ortiz 2010). Within Pyrgotinae, members of the tribe… Continue reading Pyrgotidae

Ulidiidae

Belongs within: Tephritoidea.Contains: Lipsanini, Pterocallini. The Ulidiidae, picture-winged flies, are a group of medium-sized flies with usually contrastingly patterned wings and mostly saprophagous larvae (Kameneva & Korneyev 2010). Members of the subfamily Otitinae are characterised by an aedeagus that is bristly or hairy or has teeth or blades on the stem, with a more or… Continue reading Ulidiidae

Bactrocera

Belongs within: Tephritidae. Bactrocera is a widespread genus of fruit flies, a number of species of which are significant horticultural pests. Members have wings with a broad cell bm, about twice as wide as cell cup, and the first antennal flagellomere is long, usually reaching the ventral margin of the face. <==Bactrocera |–B. atrisetosaMHG04 |–B.… Continue reading Bactrocera

Richardiidae

Belongs within: Tephritoidea. The Richardiidae are a group of flies, restricted to the New World, that mostly breed in decaying vegetable matter. They are divided between the subfamilies Epiplateinae, in which males have the phallus tip more or less simple and females have separate cerci on the ovipositor, and Richardiinae with an apically complex phallus… Continue reading Richardiidae

Lonchaeidae

Belongs within: Tephritoidea. The Lonchaeidae, lance flies, are a group of small, mostly shiny black to dark metallic flies whose larvae are found mostly in damaged plant tissue or decaying vegetation. Poststigmatal setae are present in members of the genus Dasiops but not in the remaining genera in the Lonchaeinae. Lonchaeinae may be divided between… Continue reading Lonchaeidae

Piophilidae

Belongs within: Tephritoidea. The Piophilidae, skipper flies, are a cosmopolitan family of small flies whose larvae are mostly scavengers, and in at least some species are capable of jumping. The cheese skipper Piophila casei is a widespread storage pest in animal products such as meat, cheese and hides (Ozerov & Norrbom 2010). Members of the… Continue reading Piophilidae

Pterocallini

Belongs within: Ulidiidae. The Pterocallini are a predominantly Neotropical group of picture-winged flies characterised by features of the terminalia (Kameneva & Korneyev 2010). Characters (from Kameneva & Korneyev 2010): Body without greenish or bluish sheen; cell cup without long posteroventral lobe; if lobe long and proepisternal seta rudimentary, then face without antennal grooves or keel;… Continue reading Pterocallini

Lipsanini

Belongs within: Ulidiidae. The Lipsanini are a predominantly Neotropical group of picture-winged flies with well-developed frontal setae or setulae. Members of the genus Eumecosomyia have vein A1+CuA1 in the wing strongly reduced in absent whereas members of other genera usually have this vein reaching the posterior margin of the wing (Kameneva & Korneyev 2010). Characters… Continue reading Lipsanini