Belongs within: Panorpoidea.Contains: Siphonaptera, Aneuretopsychina, Bittacidae, Boreidae, Panorpidae. The Mecopteroidea are a clade of insects uniting the modern orders Mecoptera and Siphonaptera which share a fused clypeus and labrum together with a lining of spicule-like teeth in the proventriculus (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). The Early–Mid-Jurassic Muchoriidae, characterised by wing with a short subcosta, vein R… Continue reading Mecopteroidea


Belongs within: Siphonaptera. The Pulicidae is a family of fleas including some species of the most significance for humans, such as the human flea Pulex irritans, the dog and cat fleas Ctenocephalides spp., and the Oriental rat flea Xenopsylla cheopis. Pulex irritans is the only flea species known to habitually parasitise a primate. Xenopsylla cheopis… Continue reading Pulicidae


Belongs within: Mecopteroidea.Contains: Ctenophthalmidae, Pulicidae, Malacopsylloidea, Ceratophyllidae, Pygiopsyllidae, Hystrichopsyllidae. The Siphonaptera, fleas, are wingless parasites of birds and mammals. Modern fleas are laterally flattened, with strong jumping abilities. Larvae are vermiform and usually free-living in the nest or burrow of the host, feeding on organic debris. The Cretaceous Tarwinia australis is well supported as a… Continue reading Siphonaptera


Belongs within: Siphonaptera. The Pygiopsyllidae are a group of fleas that is most diverse in Australasia, with further representatives in tropical Asia and South America. The majority of species feed on marsupials and rodents with a smaller number found on birds (Dunnet & Mardon 1991). Lycopsylla species are parasites of wombats that differ from other… Continue reading Pygiopsyllidae


Belongs within: Siphonaptera. The Malacopsylloidea are a group of fleas mostly found in the Neotropical region. Rhopalopsyllidae mostly parasitise rodents with the exception of the genus Parapsyllus found on sub-Antarctic seabirds (Dunnet & Marson 1991). The smaller family Malacopsyllidae are mostly found on Xenarthra. <==MalacopsylloideaDM91 |–MalacopsyllidaeGE05 `–RhopalopsyllidaeDM91 | i. s.: ParapsyllusDM91 | |–P. australiacusDM91 |… Continue reading Malacopsylloidea


Belongs within: Mecopteroidea. The Bittacidae, hanging-flies, are a group of large, predatory scorpionflies that commonly hunt by hanging from vegetation with their fore legs and grasping prey with the hind legs. Larvae are saprophagous and bear dorsal rows of conspicuous fleshy processes. Bittacids are widespread around the world, being particularly diverse in Australia and South… Continue reading Bittacidae


Belongs within: Siphonaptera. The Ceratophyllidae are a Holarctic group of fleas found on both mammals and birds (Dunnet & Mardon 1991). <==Ceratophyllidae |–Dasypsyllus gallinulaeGE05 |–NosopsyllusDM91 | |–N. fasciatusKK54 | |–N. laevicepsS00 | `–N. londiniensisDM91 `–Ceratophyllus [Ceratophyllinae]DM91 | i. s.: C. borealisA71 | C. fasciatusRD77 | C. gareiA71 | C. rossittensisA71 | C. silantiewiK01 | C.… Continue reading Ceratophyllidae


Belongs within: Siphonaptera. The Ctenophthalmidae are a family of fleas parasitic on small mammals. Characters (from Brinck-Lindroth & Smit 2007): Antennal clava of male extending onto prosternosome. Mesonotum with pseudosetae under collar; metanotum without marginal spinelets. Terga II-VII each with more than one row of setae; antesensilial setae present in both sexes; sternum IX of… Continue reading Ctenophthalmidae


Belongs within: Mecopteroidea. Boreus Published 12 January 2010 Boreus is the main genus in the family Boreidae, a holometabolous insect family found in the northern parts of Eurasia and North America. Boreids are active during winter, when they are found among patches of moss on which they lay their eggs or on snow drifts between… Continue reading Boreidae