Aphaenogaster

Belongs within: Myrmicinae. Aphaenogaster, the funnel ants, is a genus of medium-sized, gracile ants whose members build distinctive nests, comprising a deep wide entrance tunnel surrounded by a pile of loose dirt. They are distinguished by a twelve-segmented antenna with a loose four-segmented club (Heterick 2009). Species of this genus often walk with the gaster… Continue reading Aphaenogaster

Published
Categorised as Formicidae

Nylanderia

Challenging tramps Published 1 November 2023 As our world became increasingly interconnected over the past several decades, biosecurity became an increasingly significant concern. The identification of newly arrived exotic pests and the potential mitigation of their impact has become a global hot topic. Ants have been a particular focus in this regard, both because of… Continue reading Nylanderia

Formica

Belongs within: Formicini. Formica, wood ants, is a genus of relatively large ants found primarily in northern temperate regions. They are primarily inhabitants of open woodlands where they have ready access to wood for the construction of mounds but are still exposed to light. Several species are social parasites with young queens invading the nests… Continue reading Formica

Published
Categorised as Formicidae

Myrmicinae

Belongs within: Formicidae.Contains: Oligomyrmex, Podomyrma, Aphaenogaster, Myrmica, Epopostrumiti, Solenopsidini, Monomorium, Meranoplini, Cardiocondyla, Leptothorax, Temnothorax, Vollenhovia, Tetramorium, Strumigeniti, Pheidole, Attini, Orectognathus. The Myrmicinae is a large clade of often smaller ants including nearly half of the world’s ant genera. They are distinguished by the possession of a two-segmented waist of petiole and postpetiole, and fusion of… Continue reading Myrmicinae

Published
Categorised as Formicidae

Solenopsidini

Belongs within: Myrmicinae. The Solenopsidini is a group of mostly very small ants, including the notorious fire ants of the genus Solenopsis. Species of Solenopsis have ten-segmented antennae with a two-segmented club, and a single median apical seta on the clypeus (Heterick 2009). <==SolenopsidiniH09 |–Adlerzia Forel 1902H09, TB85 [incl. Stenothorax McAreavey 1949 non Harris 1827TB85]… Continue reading Solenopsidini

Pachycondyla

Belongs within: Ponerinae. Pachycondyla is a genus of robust, generalised ants. Monophyly of the genus as historically recognised has been challenged by recent phylogenetic analyses and it may be divided between several disjunct genera. Distinct subgroups include the particularly large (head width two millimetres or more) and heavily sculpted species included in the subgenus Bothroponera… Continue reading Pachycondyla

Melophorus

Belongs within: Melophorini. Melophorus, furnace ants, is a genus of ants endemic to Australia, many species of which are adapted to foraging at high temperatures. In the honeypot ant M. bagoti, the colony includes specialised replete workers that do not forage themselves but remain largely immobile in the nest, caching food received from foraging workers… Continue reading Melophorus

Cerapachys

Belongs within: Formicidae. Cerapachys is a genus of ants that are specialist predators of the brood of other ants (Heterick 2009). The molecular phylogenetic analysis presented by Brady et al. (2006) suggests this genus may be paraphyletic to Sphinctomyrmex, previously distinguished by from Cerapachys by the present of constrictions between the gastral segments giving the… Continue reading Cerapachys

Polyrhachis

Belongs within: Camponotini. Polyrhachis is a genus of often notably spinose ants, most commonly terrestrial though some species are associated with trees. It has been divided between numerous subgenera of which members of the type subgenus bear spines on both the pro- and mesonotum, as well as two long spines atop the columnar petiole. Characters… Continue reading Polyrhachis

Iridomyrmex

Belongs within: Dolichoderinae. Iridomyrmex, the meat ants, is a genus of generalist, often aggressive carnivorous and scavenging ants. Larger members of the genus are often referred to by the vernacular name of ‘meat ants’. Characters (from Heterick 2009): Eyes placed relatively high on sides of head capsule, about the mid-point; anterior margin of clypeus usually… Continue reading Iridomyrmex

Published
Categorised as Formicidae