Belongs within: Mantoidea. The Mantinae are medium-sized to large mantids bearing four discoidal spines on the fore femur (Balderson 1991). Many species exhibit both brown and green forms, including the European mantis Mantis religiosa. <==Mantinae |–Pseudomantis albofimbriataR96 |–Sphodropoda tristisR96 |–Rhodomantis pulchellaR96 |–Acontiothespis eximia (Pascoe 1882) [=Callimantis eximia]R18 |–Angela quinquemaculata (Olivier 1792) [=Mantis quinquemaculata]R18 |–Macromantis ovalifolia… Continue reading Mantinae


Belongs within: Blattaria. The Polyzosteriinae are commonly flightless cockroaches, many of which produce foul-smelling defensive chemicals. Diurnal species are often strikingly coloured whereas nocturnal species are more usually black or brownish. Members of the tribe Methanini are fully winged or possess short, quadrate tegmina and vestigial hind wings, whereas Polyzosteriini are completely wingless or possess… Continue reading Polyzosteriinae


Belongs within: Blattaria.Contains: Ischnoptera, Parcoblattini. The Blattellidae are a diverse group of small to medium-sized, mostly fast-running cockroaches. A small number of species have become cosmopolitan domestic pests, including the German cockroach Blattella germanica and the brown-banded cockroach Supella longipalpa. Characters (from Roth 1991): Size usually small to medium; antennae longer than half body length.… Continue reading Blattellidae


Belongs within: Mantodea.Contains: Mantinae. The Mantoidea are a major clade of mantids characterised by a long pronotum and the presence of a unique hearing organ (the ‘cyclopean’ ear) on the metathorax between the sternites and just anterior to the hind coxae (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). Members of the family Mantidae may be recognised by having… Continue reading Mantoidea


Belongs within: Dictyoptera.Contains: Corydiidae, Blaberidae, Blattellidae, Polyzosteriinae, Blattinae. The Blattaria include the crown-group cockroaches, with some studies regarding the termites as derived from within this clade. They are characterised by the production of eggs contained within a hard ootheca that is ancestrally deposited free on the ground. The outer ovipositor valves are completely internal, and… Continue reading Blattaria


Belongs within: Termitinae. Termes is a pantropical genus of termites whose soldiers have long snapping mandibles. The type species, T. fatalis, is a South American species in which adult reproductives have prominently enlarged eyes (Miller 1991). The molecular phylogenetic analysis published by Inward et al. (2007) indicated that Termes is paraphyletic to a clade of… Continue reading Termes


Belongs within: Amitermes. The running of the termites Published 24 August 2021 I don’t know how many people would profess to have a favourite genus of termites. Which is a shame, because there are some real stand-out examples. Snapping termites, magnetic termites, glue-spraying termites… For my own part, though, I have a particular fondness for… Continue reading Drepanotermes


Belongs within: Termitinae.Contains: Eutermes, Nasutitermes, Bulbitermes. The Nasutitermitinae, nasute termites, are a distinct group of termites in which the head capsule of the soldier caste has an enlarged frontal gland and the fontanelle placed on a protruding rostrum, allowing the ejection of defensive chemicals at threats to the colony. The development of the rostrum is… Continue reading Nasutitermitinae


Belongs within: Nasutitermitinae. Nasutitermes is a pantropical genus of nasute termites in which soldiers are generally monomorphic and lack a constriction on the head capsule behind the antennal sockets. The genus is poorly defined relative to other nasute genera and may not be monophyletic. <==Nasutitermes Banks 1920H42 |–N. neoparvusIVE07 `–+–+–N. latifronsIVE07 | `–+–N. infuscatusIVE07 |… Continue reading Nasutitermes


Belongs within: Blattaria.Contains: Derocalymma. The Blaberidae are a diverse group of often stout, slow-moving cockroaches. In most species, the ootheca is retracted into a uterus after formation and nymphs are borne after hatching (Roth 1991). Characters (from Rentz 1996): Size medium to large. Antenna usually less than half body length. Legs short, stout, generally smooth.… Continue reading Blaberidae