Belongs within: Phasmatodea. The Phylliinae include the leaf insects, characterised by having the abdominal terga and sterna dilated to mimic leaves. Living Phylliinae also have the tergal thorn pads reduced or absent, the fore femora straight, and the cerci dorsoventrally flattened. The fossil Eophyllium messelensis from the Eocene Messel Formation of Germany retains terete cerci… Continue reading Phylliinae


Belongs within: Phasmatodea. The Phasmatinae are a mostly Australasian group of stick insects, with some species found in Asia. They are robust, usually winged, and have moderately long antennae (Brock & Hasenpusch 2009). Some phasmatines are remarkably large: the titan stick insect Acrophylla titan reaches a length of 250 mm (Rentz 1996). The goliath stick… Continue reading Phasmatinae


Belongs within: Phasmatodea. The Pseudophasmatidae are a group of stick insects in which the femora of the fore legs have four distinct edges. <==PseudophasmatidaeZ04 |–PseudophasmatinaeWBM03 | |–Pseudophasma rufipesWBM03 | |–Paraphasma rufipesTW05 | `–AnisomorphaWBM03 | |–A. buprestoidesK91 | `–A. ferrugineaWBM03 `–XerosomatinaeZ04 |–XerosomatiniZ04 `–HesperophasmatiniZ04 |–Hesperophasma Rehn 1904Z04 |–Rhynchacris Redtenbacher 1908Z04 |–Taraxippus Moxey 1971Z04 |–AgamemnonZ04 `–Lamponius Stål 1875… Continue reading Pseudophasmatidae


Belongs within: Holophasmatodea.Contains: Platycraninae, Lonchodinae, Diapheromerinae, Cladomorphinae, Pachymorphinae, Eurycanthinae, Phylliinae, Necrosciinae, Tropidoderinae, Phasmatinae, Pseudophasmatidae. The Phasmatodea, phasmids, include the stick insects and leaf insects. The bodies of these slow-moving plant-eating insects are modified to resemble the surrounding vegetation, providing them with excellent camouflage. The relatively short-bodied genus Timema, found in the western United States, is… Continue reading Phasmatodea


Belongs within: Polyneoptera.Contains: Phasmatodea. The clade Holophasmatodea includes the modern phasmids and their fossil relatives. Fossils have been assigned to this lineage going back to the Permian or Triassic, though the status of the earliest examples as stem-phasmids has been subject to debate. Synapomorphies (from Gorochov & Rasnitsyn 2002): Body elongate, stick-like; meso- and metathoraces… Continue reading Holophasmatodea


Belongs within: Phasmatodea. The Lonchodinae is a group of very slender stick insects found mostly in south-east Asia and New Guinea, often near the ground or in tall grasses (Brock & Hasenpusch 2009). Characters (from Brock & Hasenpusch 2009): Remarkably slender, wingless, with long antennae. Male anal segment split into two lobes or with two… Continue reading Lonchodinae


Belongs within: Phasmatodea. The Platycraninae is a group of stick insects found mostly in the Pacific Islands. Members of the Platycraninae are stout, with shortened or vestigial wings, and antennae of moderately length (Brock & Hasenpusch 2009). The peppermint stick insect Megacrania batesii of New Guinea and adjoining regions receives its vernacular name in reference… Continue reading Platycraninae


Belongs within: Phasmatodea. The Necrosciinae are a diverse group of stick insects, with the greatest number of species found in south-east Asia. Characters (from Brock & Hasenpusch 2009): Often winged, elongate, small to medium-sized, with long antennae. Male anal segment not split into two lobes. <==NecrosciinaeWBM03 |–+–Pseudodiacantha macklottiiWBM03 | `–LopaphusWBM03 | |–L. perakensisWBM03 | `–L.… Continue reading Necrosciinae


Belongs within: Phasmatodea. The Pachymorphinae is a group of mostly small stick insects found in Eurasia, Africa and Australasia. Characters (from Brock & Hasenpusch 2009): Wingless; either remarkably slender or rather stouter-bodied. Antennae shorter than fore femora. <==PachymorphinaeWBM03 |–Acanthoderus Gray 1835BH07 | `–A. spinosus (Gray 1834)BH07 |–Gratidia Stål 1875WBM03, Z04 | |–G. fritzscheiWBM03 | `–G.… Continue reading Pachymorphinae


Belongs within: Phasmatodea. The Tropidoderinae are a group of relatively robust, often broad-bodied stick insects found in Australia and southern Asia. Characters (from Brock & Hasenpusch 2009): Antennae moderately long (shorter than femora in some females). Wings usually well developed, shortened in some females. Fore femora not triangular in cross section, not compressed at base.… Continue reading Tropidoderinae