Gonyleptoidea

Belongs within: Opiliones.Contains: Agoristenidae, Stygnidae, Laminata, Stygnopsinae. The Stygnopsidae are a group of harvestmen found in Mexico and Central America characterised by male genitalia with an internal capsule forming a follis on the ventral side in dorsal view of the pars distalis, with a few distal espiniform projections and with several setae on the pars… Continue reading Gonyleptoidea

Avima

Belongs within: Agoristenidae. Avima is a genus of agoristenid harvestmen lacking spines on the dorsal scutum (Pinto-da-Rocha 1996). Characters (from Pinto-da-Rocha 1996, as Trinella): Area I without median groove, rarely vestigial. Areas I–IV with or without paramedian small tubercles. Free tergites with small tubercles or smooth. Chelicera with segment II enlarged in males, rarely similar… Continue reading Avima

Agoristenidae

Belongs within: Gonyleptoidea.Contains: Avima. The Agoristenidae are a group of harvestmen found in northern South America and islands of the Caribbean (Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2007). Characters (from Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2007): Body length around 2–5 mm. Ocularium close to anterior border; four areas on dorsal scutum, often effaced; I–IV and posterior margin with small tubercles;… Continue reading Agoristenidae

Phareicranaus

Belongs within: Cranaidae. Phareicranaus is a genus of large harvestmen found primarily in north-western South America from Ecuador to Panama (Kury 2003). Characters (from Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2003): Penis with ventral plate deeply cleft in distal border; with four groups of setae. Glans with dorsal process. Stylus smooth, slightly curved, without stylar apophysis; apex bent… Continue reading Phareicranaus

Cranaidae

Belongs within: Laminata.Contains: Phareicranaus, Santinezia, Holocranaus, Cranaus. The Cranaidae are a group of harvestmen found primarily in northern South America, usually with a dense covering of dorsal tubercles on the pedipalps. Many genera in this family remain poorly defined and in need of revision. Characters (from Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2007): Body length 6–16 mm, leg… Continue reading Cranaidae

Holocranaus

Belongs within: Cranaidae. Holocranaus is a genus of harvestmen found in northern South America. Characters (from Soares & Soares 1948): Eye mound with two spines. Areas I, III and IV of dorsal scutum with two spines or tubercles, area II unarmed. Free tergites with two spines or tubercles. Anal operculum unarmed. Femur of pedipalp without… Continue reading Holocranaus

Santinezia

Belongs within: Cranaidae. Santinezia is a genus of large, glossy harvestmen found in northern South America (Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2003). Characters (from Pinto-da-Rocha & Kury 2003): Eye mound and area III with pair of high spines; free tergite I unarmed, II–III with pair of spines. Pedipalpal femur of male with dorso-apical spine; coxa IV of… Continue reading Santinezia

Stygnidae

Belongs within: Gonyleptoidea.Contains: Stygnoplus, Stygnus. The Stygnidae are a group of harvestmen from South America with a divided eye mound and a rectangular or subrectangular dorsal scute (Pinto-da-Rocha 1997). Protimesius is a genus of harvestmen found in northern South America. Characters (from Pinto-da-Rocha 1997): Anterior margin of dorsal scute slightly elevated medially, with one projection… Continue reading Stygnidae

Cranaus

Belongs within: Cranaidae. Cranaus is a genus of harvestmen found in northern South America. Characters (from Soares & Soares 1948): Eye mound with two spines. Areas I and III with two tubercles or spines, III and IV unarmed. Free tergites with two tubercles or spines. Anal operculum unarmed. Femur of palp without internal apical spine.… Continue reading Cranaus

Stygnoplus

Belongs within: Stygnidae. Stygnoplus is a genus of harvestmen found in northernmost South America and on islands around the Caribbean. On Stygnoplus Published 9 February 2009 South America is the current centre of described harvestmen diversity, with the bulk of this diversity represented by Laniatores—the shorter-legged, heavily armoured and often quite spiky suborder of Opiliones.… Continue reading Stygnoplus