Basalhaplogynae

Belongs within: Araneida.Contains: Prithinae, Scytodoidea, Tetrablemmidae, Pholcidae, Segestriidae, Oonopidae, Dysderidae, Orsolobidae. The Basalhaplogynae are a clade of spiders in which the chelicerae are fused at the base and provided with a lamina; members of the clade also have the tegulum and subtegulum fused and the spinnerets lack tartipores (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007). <==Basalhaplogynae [Haplogynae, Pholcoidea]W19… Continue reading Basalhaplogynae

Scytodidae

Belongs within: Scytodoidea. The Scytodidae, spitting spiders, are a cosmopolitan (mostly tropical) group of spiders that capture prey by spraying it with gluey silk (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007). The species Dictis striatipes, Scytodes longipes and S. thoracica have become widely introduced outside their native ranges in association with humans. Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007):… Continue reading Scytodidae

Pholcinae

Belongs within: Pholcidae. The Pholcinae are a group of daddy-long-legs spiders united by the reduction of the tarsal comb hairs to a single ventral row, and the usual presence on the male chelicerae of a pair of proximal lateral apophyses (Huber 2011). <==Pholcinae | i. s.: Aetana Huber 2005H11 | Wanniyala Huber & Benjamin 2005H11… Continue reading Pholcinae

Orsolobidae

Belongs within: Basalhaplogynae. The Orsolobidae are a group of ground-hunting spiders found in the Southern Hemisphere. They are distinguished by presence of biserially dentate claws on the tarsi in association with ventral tufts of spatulate setae. Females have a claw at the end of the palp (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007). Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman… Continue reading Orsolobidae

Oonopidae

Belongs within: Basalhaplogynae. The Oonopidae, goblin spiders, are a family of very small ground-hunting spiders, most diverse in tropical regions. Their six eyes (if present) are grouped close together with the anterior eyes large. In members of the subfamily Gamasomorphinae, the abdomen is covered by hardened dorsal and ventral scuta (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007). Characters… Continue reading Oonopidae

Segestriidae

Belongs within: Basalhaplogynae. The Segestriidae are a cosmopolitan group of spiders that construct tubular retreats from the mouth of which extend trip-lines. They have a fairly elongate body form, with the carapace and abdomen each longer than wide. The third pair of legs is held directed forwards alongside the first two pairs, with only the… Continue reading Segestriidae

Pholcidae

Belongs within: Basalhaplogynae.Contains: Modisiminae, Pholcinae. The Pholcidae, daddy-long-legs spiders, are a cosmopolitan family of spiders with usually very long legs, most of which build sheetwebs or cobwebs in secluded locations. Characters (from Huber 2011): Clypeus high; six or eight eyes present, arranged in two triads separate from anterior median eyes (if latter present); leg tibiae… Continue reading Pholcidae

Dysderidae

Belongs within: Basalhaplogynae. The Dysderidae is a western Palaearctic family of free-living spiders with large chelicerae, some of which have a predilection for hunting woodlice. One such species, the slater spider Dysdera crocata, has a global distribution in association with humans. Dysderids are free-wandering hunters at night, spending daylight hours in a silken retreat (Jocqué… Continue reading Dysderidae