Belongs within: Amaurobioidea. The Cycloctenidae, scuttling spiders, are a group of free-living hunting spiders endemic to Australasia (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007). The Cycloctenidae: unassuming in Australasia The higher classification of spiders has long been a challenging subject. Sure, we’ve come a long way from the days of Clerck and Linnaeus, when every spider was included… Continue reading Cycloctenidae


Belongs within: Neocribellatae.Contains: Stiphidiidae, Agelenidae, Amphinectidae, Desidae, Zodariidae, Amaurobiidae, Cycloctenidae, Pisauridae, Oxyopidae, Lycosidae, Dionycha. The Amaurobioidea have historically been recognised as including cribellate spiders with unbranched median tracheae but such a grouping is now recognised as non-monophyletic. Instead, ‘amaurobioids’ represent basal members of what is commonly referred to as the RTA clade, referring to the… Continue reading Amaurobioidea


Belongs within: Gnaphosoidea. The Liocranidae are a family of ground-hunting spiders found in forest litter. The family as commonly recognised was found by Ramírez (2014) to be polyphyletic and may need to be redefined in the future. Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to medium-sized; usually eight eyes present in two rows, sometimes reduced… Continue reading Liocranidae


Belongs within: Dionycha. The Ctenidae, tropical wolf spiders, are a group of actively hunting spiders that can be distinguished from true wolf spiders by the differences in their eye arrangements, with ctenids having the eye rows strongly recurved in frontal view to give a 2-4-2 arrangement in dorsal view. The ovoid carapace bears a deep… Continue reading Ctenidae


Belongs within: Amaurobioidea.Contains: Evippa, Tarentula, Lycosinae, Arctosa, Artoriinae, Piratinae, Venonia. The Lycosidae, wolf spiders, are a cosmopolitan group of mostly ground-hunting spiders, characterised by having the anterior eyes smaller than the posterior eyes and forming a single row near the front margin of the carapace. Subgroups of the Lycosidae include the Venoniinae, a group of… Continue reading Lycosidae


Belongs within: Amaurobioidea. The Oxyopidae, lynx spiders, are actively hunting spiders found living on vegetation. They may capture flying prey in midair by jumping towards it, or they may spin small webs (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007). Species of the genus Peucetia are bright green in coloration; others are mostly brown. Eye of the spider Published… Continue reading Oxyopidae


Belongs within: Lycosidae. Venonia is a genus of small, slender wolf spiders found in southeast Asia and Australasia that build small sheet-webs close to the ground (Yoo & Framenau 2006). Characters (from Yoo & Framenau 2006): Coloration uniform, light brown to black, with posterodorsal white spot on abdomen; male pedipalp with strongly asymmetrical cymbium appearing… Continue reading Venonia


Belongs within: Lycosidae. Evippa is a genus of wolf spiders found from southern China to northern Africa. Male pedipalps of this genus have an embolus forming a slender functional conductor that projects beyond the tegular apophysis. <==Evippa Simon 1882 [Evippinae]MGK03 |–*E. arenaria (Audouin 1827) [=Lycosa arenaria]MGK03 |–E. apsheronica Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen 2003MGK03 |–E. badchysica… Continue reading Evippa


Belongs within: Lycosinae. Pardosa is a diverse genus of wolf spiders commonly found in damp habitats near ponds and streams. Species of this genus include P. lugubris, widespread in the Palaearctic region. <==Pardosa Koch 1847 [Pardosinae]MGK03 |–+–+–P. brevivulvaPY07 | | `–P. hediniPY07 | `–+–P. lauraPY07 | `–P. takahashii (Saito 1936)PY07, VMP02 `–+–+–P. paludicola (Clerck 1757)PY07,… Continue reading Pardosa


Belongs within: Lycosidae. The Piratinae is a group of wolf spiders characterised by male pedipalps in which the functional conductor is combined with the short thin embolus into a sickle-shaped complex that rests in a deep, narrow ascending tegular groove (Yoo & Framenau 2006). Members of the genus Pirata, the pirate wolf spiders, are found… Continue reading Piratinae