Belongs within: Tremellales. Tremella is a genus of fungi parasitic on other fungi. Fruiting bodies, when present, are gelatinous; many species also have an anamorphic yeast form. Jelly and yeast Browse the shelves of your local Asian grocer (or, if you happen to be in Asia, your grocer) and one product you are likely to… Continue reading Tremella


Belongs within: Boletales. Harden up, puffball! Published 13 October 2017 Near my home back in Australia, there’s a park where we walk the dog most days. During the summer, when Perth receives little rain, the grass in the park dries off and the ground becomes hard. In some particularly dry spots, ground cover is absent… Continue reading Sclerodermatineae


Belongs within: Boletales. The origins of a closed bolete Published 22 June 2019 Boletes are a distinctive group of mushrooms in which the underside of the fruiting body is covered by tubular pores instead of gills. Though boletes are classified in the fungal order Boletales, not all members of this order produce bolete-type fruiting bodies… Continue reading Suillineae


Belongs within: Agaricomycetes.Contains: Meruliaceae, Phanerochaetaceae, Irpicaceae, Steccherinaceae, Cerrenaceae, Hyphodermataceae, Meripilaceae, Podoscyphaceae, Incrustoporiaceae, Cyphellaceae, Dacryobolaceae, Fomitopsidaceae, Laetiporaceae, Polyporaceae. The Polyporales are a diverse clade of fungi supported by molecular data, commonly associated with rotting wood, some species of which cause economic damage to timber and/or living hardwoods. Many familiar members of this clade produce perennial, bracket-shaped… Continue reading Polyporales


Belongs within: Meruliaceae. Phlebia is a genus of corticioid (crust-like) fungi with basidia forming a dense palisade on the hymenium, and associated with a white rot (Binder et al. 2005). Phlebia Fr. 1821 (see below for synonymy)KC01 | i. s.: P. chrysocreasBH05 | P. giganteaKC01 | P. lividaBH05 | P. lividinaJM17 | P. merismoidesB14 |… Continue reading Phlebia


Belongs within: Agaricaceae. When the wolf breaks wind Published 21 December 2017 In an earlier post, I described the way in which the ‘gasteromycetes’ of historical fungal classifications have come to be expunged as a category. The enclosure of spore-producing structures within a contained fruiting body such as a puffball, instead of exposed on a… Continue reading Lycoperdales


Belongs within: Exobasidiomycetes. The Georgefischeriales are a clade of smut fungi, most species of which occur on grasses. This post contains smut Published 7 October 2013 And here’s some of that smut, right in your face: Smuts are a form of plant-parasite fungus that produce large numbers of dusty spores from sori that rupture from… Continue reading Georgefischeriales


Belongs within: Russula. Lactarius is a genus of fungi producing mushroom-like fruiting bodies with an abundant latex. Molecular analysis indicates that the gasteroid genera Arcangeliella and Zelleromyces are nested within Lactarius (Miller et al. 2001). Characters (from Miller et al. 2001): Basidiome with an abundant latex, radially arranged lamellae, a pileus, a well developed stipe,… Continue reading Lactarius


Belongs within: Psathyrellaceae. Coprinellus is a genus of lignicolous, terrestrial or coprophilous species of coprinoid mushrooms. Characters (from Redhead et al. 2001): Veil (usually of globular cells) present and/or bearing superficial lageniform to bulbous-based filament-bearing cells (setulae) converted into secretory round-tipped pileocystidia; lamellae and pileus fully, partially, or non-deliquescent during sporulation, if non-deliquescent some have… Continue reading Coprinellus


Belongs within: Agaricomycetes. The Stereaceae is a group of fungi producing usually non-stalked fruiting bodies, often growing on wood. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that the genus Aleurodiscus is paraphyletic to other genera in the family (Binder et al. 2005). Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007, for Stereaceae): Basidiomata appressed, effused-reflexed or discoid, rarely stalked, the outer… Continue reading Aleurodiscus