Splachnales

Belongs within: Bryidae. The Splachnales are a group of mosses producing erect capsules with a differentiated neck. Members of the family Splachnaceae are often found growing on dung or decaying animal matter. The Meesiaceae are generally found on peaty substrates. Characters (from Buck & Goffinet 2000): Leaf cells rhombic to elongate, typically smooth. Capsules erect… Continue reading Splachnales

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Seligeriaceae

Belongs within: Dicranideae.Contains: Dicranoweisia. The Seligeriaceae are a small family of mosses found in temperate and polar regions. Genera in the family include Blindia, mosses with rigid, lanceolate-subulate leaves found growing in tufts on mountain rocks (Dixon 1924). Characters (from D. H. Vitt): Plants minute and gregarious or larger, forming compact tufts and cushions, unbranched… Continue reading Seligeriaceae

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Barbula

Belongs within: Pottiaceae. Barbula is a genus of about 200 mosses found in temperate parts of the world. Members of the genus have axillary hairs that are almost always entirely composed of hyaline cells; leaves that are adaxially usually deeply grooved along the costa; distal laminal cell papillae that are rough, knobby, obscuring the lumens,… Continue reading Barbula

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Weissia

Belongs within: Pottiaceae. Weissia is a cosmopolitan genus of mostly soil-growing mosses. Most species of Weissia have sharply inflexed distal leaf margins, with a tendency to show adaxially bulging cells in leaf section; however, distinctions between Weissia and related genera such as Trichostomum are not always straightforward (R. H. Zander). In members of the subgenus… Continue reading Weissia

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Tortula

Belongs within: Pottiaceae. Tortula is a cosmopolitan genus of mosses mostly found growing on soil. Species of Tortula have lax stem leaves, giving the plant a delicate appearance, with low or almost absent papillae and a costa with a rounded or semicircular abaxial stereid band section (Zander & Eckel). The genus is highly variable and… Continue reading Tortula

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Brachythecium

Belongs within: Brachytheciaceae. Brachythecium salebrosum: some like it temperate Published 24 January 2012 Brachythecium salebrosum is a species of moss found in many temperate regions of the world. It often grows in drier habitats than other mosses; in a study of the effects of human disturbance on forest moss communities in Estonia, B. salebrosum made… Continue reading Brachythecium

Bryidae

Belongs within: Bryatae.Contains: Hypnales, Hookeriales, Splachnales, Hedwigiales, Bryales, Orthotrichaceae. The Bryidae are one of the major subgroups of mosses. They are distinguished by the possession of a diplolepideous-alternate peristome of articulated cell wall remnants forming two alternating concentric rings of teeth with cilia often present between the inner teeth (Cox et al. 2000). Bryid mosses… Continue reading Bryidae

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Vesicularia

Belongs within: Plagiotheciaceae. Vesicularia is a pantropical genus of mosses found growing in damp habitats. Characters (from Wu et al. 2005): Plants slender or somewhat robust, pale green or dark green, in flattened mats. Stems prostrate, somewhat radiculose, simple or regularly branched, rarely pinnately branched, branches usually short, flattened, ascending; in stem cross section outer… Continue reading Vesicularia

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Bartramiaceae

Belongs within: Bryales.Contains: Bartramia. The Bartramiaceae are a family of mosses found worldwide, with the highest diversity in tropical montane regions. Members of the Bartramiaceae have globose capsules (giving the family the common name of ‘apple mosses’) and a dense, often reddish tomentum on the stems (Virtanen 2000). The capsules are bright green when young,… Continue reading Bartramiaceae

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