Hypnales

Belongs within: Bryidae.Contains: Trachylomataceae, Meteoriaceae, Sematophyllaceae, Cryphaeaceae, Pterobryaceae, Lembophyllaceae, Fontinalis, Neckeraceae, Thamnobryum, Pterigynandraceae, Entodontaceae, Plagiotheciaceae, Ctenidioideae, Calliergonaceae, Hypnum, Amblystegiaceae, Hylocomiaceae, Leskeaceae, Thuidiaceae, Brachytheciaceae, Leucodontaceae, Anomodontaceae. The Hypnales are an enormous order of over 4,000 species, over half the pleurocarpous mosses. Members of the order are divided between a large number of families, but the boundaries between many of… Continue reading Hypnales

Plagiotheciaceae

Belongs within: Hypnales.Contains: Ectropothecium, Isopterygium, Vesicularia. The Plagiotheciaceae are a family of mosses found worldwide, species of which grow in loose to dense mats or tufts. Though currently more diverse in the northern temperate zone, phylogenetic analysis indicates that the family may have originated in the Southern Hemisphere (Pedersen & Hedenäs 2002). Plagiothecium species are… Continue reading Plagiotheciaceae

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Ectropothecium

Belongs within: Plagiotheciaceae. Ectropothecium is a large and complex genus of about 200 species of mosses found around the world, with most species growing in water or completely waterlogged soil. Ectropothecium species possess one or a few inflated, hyaline alar cells, relatively elongate, slender setae, and very small, ovoid capsules that are horizontal to inclined… Continue reading Ectropothecium

Isopterygium

Belongs within: Plagiotheciaceae. Isopterygium is a genus of mosses found around the world, primarily in terrestrial habitats. They are characterised by the possession of filamentous pseudoparaphyllia. Characteristics (from Ireland & Buck 2009): Plants small to medium-sized, in thin to dense mats, glossy, light green to yellow-green. Stems complanate-foliate, creeping, simple or sparingly and irregularly branched,… Continue reading Isopterygium

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Meteoriaceae

Belongs within: Hypnales. The Meteoriaceae are a mainly Southern Hemisphere family of mosses with a characteristic pendent habit, though some montane species tend to lose this feature. A number of species are able to propagate through branch fragments due to the presence of subapical rhizoids (H. Streimann, 2012, Australian Mosses Online). Characters (from Huttunen 2004):… Continue reading Meteoriaceae

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Hylocomiaceae

Belongs within: Hypnales. The Hylocomiaceae are a family of mosses found in cool temperate and arctic parts of the world. Hylocomium species are generally robust mosses, often with dense paraphyllia, and with rather large and short capsules (Dixon 1924). Characters (from Smith 2004): Dioicous. Plants medium-sized to robust, forming mats to lax wefts. Stems procumbent… Continue reading Hylocomiaceae

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Entodontaceae

Belongs within: Hypnales. The Entodontaceae are a family of mosses with creeping, often irregularly branched stems. They are particularly diverse in tropical montane habitats. Members of the type genus Entodon have concave leaves with a weak double costa. Characters (from Khatun & Hadiuzzaman 2006): Medium-sized, slender, glossy plants growing in loose tufts. Main stem creeping,… Continue reading Entodontaceae

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Cryphaeaceae

Belongs within: Hypnales. The Cryphaeaceae are a family of mosses found worldwide, primarily in tropical and subtropical regions, distinguished by the combination of a corticolous habitat, a generally dull-coloured appearance, creeping primary stems with firm spreading-erect branches, immersed capsules, and a pale peristome (Reese 2002). Many species within the family are vegetatively very similar to… Continue reading Cryphaeaceae

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Sematophyllaceae

Belongs within: Hypnales. The Sematophyllaceae are a family of mosses found primarily in tropical and subtropical parts of the world, with the majority of species being epiphytic. The family is distinguished by the presence of a well-defined row of alar cells in the leaf (Tan et al. 1996). Members of the type genus Sematophyllum are… Continue reading Sematophyllaceae

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Lembophyllaceae

Belongs within: Hypnales. The Lembophyllaceae are a family of mostly epiphytic mosses found predominantly in the Southern Hemisphere, species of which generally have a weft-forming or pendent growth form. A stipitate-frondose growth habit, with leaves that differ between stipes, frond axes and branches, is found in members of the genus Camptochaete. The trials and tribulations… Continue reading Lembophyllaceae