Belongs within: Dicranaceae. Dicranoloma is a genus of mosses found primarily in Australasia and South America, with some species also found in Malesia. Characters (from Klazenga 2003): Dioicous, generally pseudautoicous. Male plants dwarfed, up to 3 mm tall, growing in tomentum on stem of female plants; female plants more or less robust, up to 13… Continue reading Dicranoloma


Belongs within: Dicranideae.Contains: Dicranoloma, Campylopus, Dicranum, Dicranella. The Dicranaceae are a large family of mosses that generally have erect, often tomentose stems and narrow, lanceolate or falcate leaves (R. R. Ireland Jr). The circumscription of the family has varied somewhat between authors, with some groups such as Trematodontoideae sometimes treated as separate families. Within the… Continue reading Dicranaceae


Belongs within: Dicranideae. Trematodon is a genus of mosses found worldwide but primarily in temperate environments. Together with the closely related but generally smaller Bruchia, it is characterised by a conspicuous, highly stomatose neck on the capsule. Species include Trematodon ambiguus, which has the leaves narrowing close to the base to a long seta, and… Continue reading Trematodon


Belongs within: Dicranaceae. Dicranum is a genus of mosses found primarily in temperate and arctic parts of the Northern Hemisphere, with a few species found on tropical mountains. The genus name comes from the Greek word dikranon, a pitchfork, and refers to the split teeth in the peristome (N. Klazenga). Species are often distinguished by… Continue reading Dicranum


Belongs within: Dicranideae.Contains: Trichostomum, Tortella, Bryoerythrophylleae, Leptodontieae, Barbula, Didymodon, Weissia, Hyophileae, Tortula, Acaulon, Phascum, Pottia, Syntrichia. The Pottiaceae is a large, diverse family of mosses found worldwide, divided between about eighty genera. Members of the family are commonly small and found in harsh environments such as rocks and disturbed soil, primarily in calcareous habitats. Members of… Continue reading Pottiaceae


Belongs within: Dicranaceae. Campylopus is a large genus of mosses found worldwide, with their highest diversity in mountainous regions of southern and tropical parts of the world. They are often robust and grow in wide patches, with relatively straight, rigid leaves (Dixon 1924). Species of the genus are often morphologically variable, making identification difficult. Features… Continue reading Campylopus


Belongs within: Dicranideae.Contains: Fissidens section Fissidens, Fissidens section Serridium. Fissidentaceae is a family of mosses distinguished by the arrangement of the leaves, in two rows on opposite sides of the stem and overlapping at the base. Members of the genus Nanobryum were previously classified into a separate family, but are now regarded as reduced relatives… Continue reading Fissidentaceae


Belongs within: Dicranaceae. Dicranella is a genus of mosses found worldwide, most species of which are small with narrow, silky leaves (Dixon 1924). They can be distinguished from members of the related genus Dicranum by the relatively undifferentiated alar cells in their leaves. Characters (from Smith 2004): Usually dioicous. Leaves narrow, differentiated in sheathing base… Continue reading Dicranella


Belongs within: Dicranideae. Leucobryum is a large genus of mostly tropical mosses that grow as compact cushions. The genus name (‘white moss’) is derived from the whitish appearance of the plants when dry, resulting from the presence of rows of colourless cells in the edge of the leaf. Notable species include L. albidum and L.… Continue reading Leucobryum


Belongs within: Dicranideae. The Erpodiaceae are a family of mosses found primarily in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Characters (from Pursell & Allen 2007): Plants small, prostrate, usually freely branched, usually in mats. Stems smooth, radiculose, rhizoids smooth, in clusters contiguous to leaf insertion on abaxial side; axillary hairs minute, 2-3 cells in… Continue reading Erpodiaceae