Tachinidae

Belongs within: Oestroidea.Contains: Exoristinae, Tachininae, Dexiinae, Phasiinae. The Tachinidae are a group of flies with larvae that are endoparasitic on other arthropods. They can generally be recognised by the presence of an enlarged subscutellum at the back of the thorax. The majority of tachinids parasitise Coleoptera or Lepidoptera but a wide range of hosts are… Continue reading Tachinidae

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Categorised as Oestroidea

Exoristinae

Belongs within: Tachinidae.Contains: Ethillini, Winthemiini, Exoristini, Blondeliini, Eryciini. The Exoristinae are a poorly defined group of parasitoid flies, most of which possess setae on the prosternum. Members include both oviparous and ovolarviparous species with phylogenetic analysis suggesting multiple origins of ovolarviparity from oviparous ancestors and vice versa. The ancestral hosts of Exoristinae were likely to… Continue reading Exoristinae

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Categorised as Oestroidea

Oestridae

Belongs within: Oestroidea.Contains: Gasterophilinae. The Oestridae, bot flies, are large flies whose larvae are parasitic on mammals. Larvae of Cuterebrinae and Hypodermatinae occupy a subdermal position in their host whereas Oestrinae infest the naso-pharyngeal area and Gasterophilinae are intestinal. The Cuterebrinae are found only in the New World and are parasites of rodents and lagomorphs,… Continue reading Oestridae

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Drino

Belongs within: Eryciini. Drino is a cosmopolitan genus of tachinid flies that develop as parasitoids of sphingid moth larvae (Wood & Zumbado 2010). Characters (from Wood & Zumbado 2010): Eye bare; first flagellomere parallel-sided in profile; inner vertical bristles more or less parallel; ocellar bristles short, curving towards each other apically, or absent; fronto-orbital plate… Continue reading Drino

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Categorised as Oestroidea

Dexiinae

Belongs within: Tachinidae.Contains: Dufouriini, Dexiini. The Dexiinae are a group of tachinid flies united by the presence of a hinge in the phallus together with close association of the postgonites with the base of the phallus. Females possess a uterus and deposit eggs containing a developed embryo (Wood & Zumbado 2010). The majority of species… Continue reading Dexiinae

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Categorised as Oestroidea

Paramacronychiinae

Belongs within: Oestroidea. The Paramacronychiinae are a group of sarcophagid flies combining a non-plumose arista with strong hairs on the meron. They are diverse in habits, including necrophagous species, predators of snails and parasites of other insects. Characters (from Pape & Dahlem 2010): Head profile with convex occipital region; antennal arista not plumose; eyes not… Continue reading Paramacronychiinae

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Categorised as Oestroidea

Tachininae

Belongs within: Tachinidae.Contains: Minthoini, Siphonini, Tachinini, Polideini, Nemoraeini. The Tachininae are a group of parasitic flies that is poorly defined morphologically but strongly supported by molecular analysis. Members utilise a wide range of hosts with phylogenetic analysis suggesting an ancestral dependence on Lepidoptera (Stireman et al. 2019). Females possess a uterus and deposit eggs ready… Continue reading Tachininae

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Categorised as Oestroidea

Gasterophilinae

Belongs within: Oestridae. The Gasterophilinae include the stomach bot flies, with larvae that are parasitic on the mouth, tongue and stomach lining of large mammals. Eggs are laid on the host’s hair and enter the host when it licks itself. Long-term effects on the host are usually slight except in cases of severe infestation. Species… Continue reading Gasterophilinae

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Categorised as Oestroidea

Calliphoridae

Belongs within: Oestroidea.Contains: Phumosia, Auchmeromyiinae, Phormiinae, Calliphorinae, Rhinophoridae, Ameniini, Chrysomyinae, Lucilia. The Calliphoridae include the blowflies, which are often scavengers of rotting meat and/or vegetation. Several species have larvae that are either facultative or obligatory parasites of vertebrates; a smaller number are parasitic on invertebrates (Askew 1971). The monophyly of the Calliphoridae as usually recognised… Continue reading Calliphoridae

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Categorised as Oestroidea