Polyborinae

Belongs within: Falconidae. The Polyborinae includes the caracaras of South and southern North America. Caracaras are relatively long-legged falcons that often feed as scavengers. They have more or less extensive areas of bare reddish skin on the face around the base of the bill. The concerns of caracaras Published 20 May 2024 Falcons are typically… Continue reading Polyborinae

Leptodactylidae

Belongs within: Hyloidea.Contains: Leiuperinae. The Leptodactylidae are a Neotropical family of frogs commonly found on the forest floor. Members of the family lack the section of m. subarcualis rectus I originating from ceratobranchial III, and have a pointed dorsal connection from the processus muscularis to the neurocranium (Frost et al. 2006). <==Leptodactylidae [Cystignathi, Cystignathidae] |… Continue reading Leptodactylidae

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Hyalinobatrachium

Belongs within: Centrolenidae. Hyalinobatrachium is a genus of glass frogs characterised by possession of a bulbous liver. Hyalinobatrachium Ruiz-Carranza & Lynch 1991FG06 |–+–+–H. aureoguttatumPW11 | | `–H. valerioiPW11 | `–+–+–H. bergeriPW11 | | `–H. pellucidumPW11 | `–+–H. talamancaePW11 | `–+–H. chirripoiPW11 | `–H. colymbiphyllumPW11 `–+–Cochranella Taylor 1951FB17, FG06 | | i. s.: C. armataFG06 |… Continue reading Hyalinobatrachium

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Hyloidea

Belongs within: Neobatrachia.Contains: Alsodidae, Batrachylidae, Hylodidae, Telmatobius, Ceratophryidae, Hemiphractidae, Hylidae, Phyllomedusidae, Litoria, Pelodryadinae, Dendrobatidae, Aromobatidae, Brachycephalidae, Craugastoridae, Strabomantidae, Eleutherodactylus, Bufonidae, Leptodactylidae, Centrolenidae, Odontophrynidae. The Hyloidea are a diverse clade of frogs united by molecular data. <==Hyloidea [Agastorophrynia, Dendrobatoidea, Hesticobatrachia]PW11 |–Baurubatrachus pricei Báez & Perí 1987DMH16, R00 `–+–Rhinodermatidae [Rhinodermina]FB17 | |–Insuetophrynus Barrio 1970PW11, FG06 | |… Continue reading Hyloidea

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Leiuperinae

Belongs within: Leptodactylidae. The Leiuperinae are a South American group of frogs in which the larvae have dextral vents (Frost et al. 2006). <==Leiuperinae [Leiuperina]PW11 | i. s.: Leiuperus Duméril & Bibron 1841FG06 | Somuncuria Lynch 1978PW11, FG06 |–Pseudopaludicola Miranda-Ribeiro 1926PW11, FG06 [Pseudopaludicolinae] | `–P. falcipesPW11 `–+–Pleurodema Tschudi 1838PW11, FG06 | | i. s.: P.… Continue reading Leiuperinae

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Telmatobius

Belongs within: Hyloidea. Telmatobius is a genus of medium to large, flattened frogs found in the Andean highlands, with some species being permanently aquatic. <==Telmatobius Wiegmann 1834 [Telmatobii, Telmatobiinae, Telmatobiini]FG06 | i. s.: T. escomeliB50 | T. walkeriL07 |–+–T. nigerPW11 | `–T. zapahuirensisPW11 `–+–T. vilamensisPW11 |–+–T. jahuiraFG06 | `–T. marmoratusPW11 |–+–T. vellardiPW11 | `–+–T. truebaePW11… Continue reading Telmatobius

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Odontophrynidae

Belongs within: Hyloidea. The Odontophrynidae are a family of large-bodied, wide-headed frogs found in eastern and southern South America. <==Odontophrynidae [Odontophryninae, Odontophrynini]PW11 |–+–Macrogenioglottus Carvalho 1946PW11, FG06 | | `–M. alipioiPW11 | `–Odontophrynus Reinhardt & Lütken 1862PW11, FG06 | |–O. carvalhoiPW11 | `–+–+–O. achalensisPW11 | | `–O. occidentalisPW11 | `–+–O. americanusPW11 | `–O. cultripesPW11 `–Proceratophrys Miranda-Ribeiro… Continue reading Odontophrynidae

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Atelopus

Belongs within: Bufonidae. Atelopus, harlequin toads, is a Neotropical genus of small, typically brightly coloured toads. <==Atelopus Duméril & Bibron 1841 [Atelopoda]FG06 | i. s.: A. minutusKF69 | A. tricolorFG06 |–+–+–A. pulcherPW11 | | `–A. seminiferusPW11 | `–+–A. spumariusPW11 | `–+–A. flavescensPW11 | `–A. franciscusPW11 `–+–+–A. peruensisPW11 | `–+–A. halihelosPW11 | `–+–A. bomolochosPW11 | `–A.… Continue reading Atelopus

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Bufonidae

Belongs within: Hyloidea.Contains: Atelopus, Rhinella, Cranopsis, Bufo, Amietophrynus. The Bufonidae, true toads, are a cosmopolitan family of frogs with a typically warty appearance. Synapomorphies (from Frost et al. 2006): Larva with diastema in larval lower lip papillation; m. diaphragmatopraecordialis absent; lateral fibers of m. subarcualis rectus II–IV invading interbranchial septum IV; processus anterolateralis of crista… Continue reading Bufonidae

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Bufo

Belongs within: Bufonidae. Bufo is a genus of toads historically used to cover most members of the family but more recently restricted to Palaearctic relatives of the common toad B. bufo. <==Bufo Laurenti 1768 [incl. Calamita Oken 1816 (nom. inv.), Chascax Ritgen 1828 (n. o.), Torrentophryne]FG06 |–B. raddei (Strauch 1876)PW11, FG06 (see below for synonymy)… Continue reading Bufo

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea