Leptodactylidae

Belongs within: Hyloidea.Contains: Leiuperinae. The Leptodactylidae are a Neotropical family of frogs commonly found on the forest floor. Members of the family lack the section of m. subarcualis rectus I originating from ceratobranchial III, and have a pointed dorsal connection from the processus muscularis to the neurocranium (Frost et al. 2006). <==Leptodactylidae [Cystignathi, Cystignathidae] |… Continue reading Leptodactylidae

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Hyalinobatrachium

Belongs within: Centrolenidae. Hyalinobatrachium is a genus of glass frogs characterised by possession of a bulbous liver. Hyalinobatrachium Ruiz-Carranza & Lynch 1991FG06 |–+–+–H. aureoguttatumPW11 | | `–H. valerioiPW11 | `–+–+–H. bergeriPW11 | | `–H. pellucidumPW11 | `–+–H. talamancaePW11 | `–+–H. chirripoiPW11 | `–H. colymbiphyllumPW11 `–+–Cochranella Taylor 1951FB17, FG06 | | i. s.: C. armataFG06 |… Continue reading Hyalinobatrachium

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Hyloidea

Belongs within: Neobatrachia.Contains: Alsodidae, Batrachylidae, Hylodidae, Telmatobius, Ceratophryidae, Hemiphractidae, Hylidae, Phyllomedusidae, Litoria, Pelodryadinae, Dendrobatidae, Aromobatidae, Brachycephalidae, Craugastoridae, Strabomantidae, Eleutherodactylus, Bufonidae, Leptodactylidae, Centrolenidae, Odontophrynidae. The Hyloidea are a diverse clade of frogs united by molecular data. <==Hyloidea [Agastorophrynia, Dendrobatoidea, Hesticobatrachia]PW11 |–Baurubatrachus pricei Báez & Perí 1987DMH16, R00 `–+–Rhinodermatidae [Rhinodermina]FB17 | |–Insuetophrynus Barrio 1970PW11, FG06 | |… Continue reading Hyloidea

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Categorised as Hyloidea

Leiuperinae

Belongs within: Leptodactylidae. The Leiuperinae are a South American group of frogs in which the larvae have dextral vents (Frost et al. 2006). <==Leiuperinae [Leiuperina]PW11 | i. s.: Leiuperus Duméril & Bibron 1841FG06 | Somuncuria Lynch 1978PW11, FG06 |–Pseudopaludicola Miranda-Ribeiro 1926PW11, FG06 [Pseudopaludicolinae] | `–P. falcipesPW11 `–+–Pleurodema Tschudi 1838PW11, FG06 | | i. s.: P.… Continue reading Leiuperinae

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Telmatobius

Belongs within: Hyloidea. Telmatobius is a genus of medium to large, flattened frogs found in the Andean highlands, with some species being permanently aquatic. <==Telmatobius Wiegmann 1834 [Telmatobii, Telmatobiinae, Telmatobiini]FG06 | i. s.: T. escomeliB50 | T. walkeriL07 |–+–T. nigerPW11 | `–T. zapahuirensisPW11 `–+–T. vilamensisPW11 |–+–T. jahuiraFG06 | `–T. marmoratusPW11 |–+–T. vellardiPW11 | `–+–T. truebaePW11… Continue reading Telmatobius

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Odontophrynidae

Belongs within: Hyloidea. The Odontophrynidae are a family of large-bodied, wide-headed frogs found in eastern and southern South America. <==Odontophrynidae [Odontophryninae, Odontophrynini]PW11 |–+–Macrogenioglottus Carvalho 1946PW11, FG06 | | `–M. alipioiPW11 | `–Odontophrynus Reinhardt & Lütken 1862PW11, FG06 | |–O. carvalhoiPW11 | `–+–+–O. achalensisPW11 | | `–O. occidentalisPW11 | `–+–O. americanusPW11 | `–O. cultripesPW11 `–Proceratophrys Miranda-Ribeiro… Continue reading Odontophrynidae

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Atelopus

Belongs within: Bufonidae. Atelopus, harlequin toads, is a Neotropical genus of small, typically brightly coloured toads. <==Atelopus Duméril & Bibron 1841 [Atelopoda]FG06 | i. s.: A. minutusKF69 | A. tricolorFG06 |–+–+–A. pulcherPW11 | | `–A. seminiferusPW11 | `–+–A. spumariusPW11 | `–+–A. flavescensPW11 | `–A. franciscusPW11 `–+–+–A. peruensisPW11 | `–+–A. halihelosPW11 | `–+–A. bomolochosPW11 | `–A.… Continue reading Atelopus

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Bufonidae

Belongs within: Hyloidea.Contains: Atelopus, Rhinella, Cranopsis, Bufo, Amietophrynus. The Bufonidae, true toads, are a cosmopolitan family of frogs with a typically warty appearance. Synapomorphies (from Frost et al. 2006): Larva with diastema in larval lower lip papillation; m. diaphragmatopraecordialis absent; lateral fibers of m. subarcualis rectus II–IV invading interbranchial septum IV; processus anterolateralis of crista… Continue reading Bufonidae

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Categorised as Hyloidea

Bufo

Belongs within: Bufonidae. Bufo is a genus of toads historically used to cover most members of the family but more recently restricted to Palaearctic relatives of the common toad B. bufo. <==Bufo Laurenti 1768 [incl. Calamita Oken 1816 (nom. inv.), Chascax Ritgen 1828 (n. o.), Torrentophryne]FG06 |–B. raddei (Strauch 1876)PW11, FG06 (see below for synonymy)… Continue reading Bufo

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea

Rhinella

Belongs within: Bufonidae. Rhinella is a primarily Neotropical genus of toads. <==Rhinella Fitzinger 1826FG06 (see below for synonymy) |–+–+–‘Chaunus’ arequipensis (Vellard 1959)FG06 [=Bufo arequipensisPW11] | | `–‘Chaunus’ spinulosus (Wiegmann 1834)FG06 [=Bufo spinulosusPW11] | | |–C. s. spinulosusCER68 | | `–‘Bufo’ s. chilensisCER68 | `–+–‘Chaunus’ limensis (Werner 1901)FG06 [=Bufo spinulosus limensisPW11, CER68] | `–‘Chaunus’ vellardi (Leviton… Continue reading Rhinella

Published
Categorised as Hyloidea