Belongs within: Dendrobatidae. Colostethus is a genus of cryptically coloured poison frogs with a primarily trans-Andean distribution. <==Colostethus Cope 1866 [=Calostethus Mivart 1869; Calostethina, Colostethidae]FG06 |–+–+–*C. latinasusGM19, PW11 | | `–C. prattiPW11 | `–+–C. imbricolusPW11 | `–+–C. inguinalisPW11 | `–C. panamensisPW11 `–+–+–C. fraterdanieliPW11 | `–+–C. argyrogasterPW11 | `–C. fugaxPW11 `–Ameerega Bauer 1986PW11, FG06 |–A. altamazonicaPW11… Continue reading Colostethus

Categorised as Hyloidea


Belongs within: Hyloidea.Contains: Hyloxalus, Colostethus. The Dendrobatidae, arrow poison frogs, are a Neotropical family of terrestrial frogs in which adults carry tadpoles to water on their backs (Frost et al. 2006). Many species are brightly coloured and notorious for the powerful toxins that they sequester from their diet. Synapomorphies (from Frost et al. 2006): M.… Continue reading Dendrobatidae


Belongs within: Dendrobatidae. Hyloxalus is a genus of typically cryptically-coloured arrow poison frogs marked by a pale oblique lateral stripe. <==Hyloxalus Jiménez de la Espada 1870GM19 | i. s.: *H. fuliginosus [=Colostethus fuliginosus]GM19 | H. jacobuspetersiFB17 |–+–+–H. maculosusPW11 | | `–+–H. bocageiPW11 | | `–H. sauliPW11 | `–+–H. subpunctatusPW11 | `–+–H. leucophaeusPW11 | `–H. sordidusPW11… Continue reading Hyloxalus

Categorised as Hyloidea


Belongs within: Pelobatoidea.Contains: Megophrys, Xenophrys, Leptobrachium. The Megophryidae are a family of frogs found in southern and eastern Asia, where they primarily inhabit leaf litter alongside streams (Frost et al. 2006). Synapomorphies (from Frost et al. 2006): M. subarcualis rectus accessorius present; suspensorium low; ceratohyals absent or almost absent in adults; intervertebral cartilages with an… Continue reading Megophryidae


Belongs within: Hyloidea. The Ceratophryidae, South American horned frogs, are large-headed frogs found in arid habitats that are carnivorous as both adults and larvae. Synapomorphies (from Frost et al. 2006): Transverse processes of anterior presacral vertebrae widely expanded; cranial bones dermosed; teeth fang-like, nonpedicellate; pars palatina of maxilla and premaxilla absent. <==Ceratophryidae [Ceratophryinae, Ceratophryini] |… Continue reading Ceratophryidae

Categorised as Hyloidea


Belongs within: Anura. The Pipoidea are a clade of frogs with distinctive tadpoles found the Neotropical and Afrotropical realms (Frost et al. 2006). Synapomorphies (from Frost et al. 2006): Frontoparietal fontanelle closed by juxtaposition of frontoparietal bones; hyoglossal sinus partially closed by ceratohyals; taenia tecti medialis absent; taenia tecti transversum absent; mentomeckelian bones absent; lateral… Continue reading Pipoidea

Categorised as Pipoidea


Belongs within: Megophryidae. Xenophrys is a diverse genus of horned toads found in Southeast Asia, southern China and the eastern Himalayas (Chen et al. 2017). Strange brows of south-east Asia Published 8 August 2022 Among the characteristic inhabitants of the leaf litter carpeting the forest floor in south-east Asia are the horned toads of the… Continue reading Xenophrys


Belongs within: Hyloidea. When the going gets tough, the tough get digging Published 5 April 2023 In most people’s minds, frogs are associated with stagnant ponds, limpid pools and sodden swamps. So you might be forgiven for thinking that the desert lands of Australia would not be welcoming to frog-kind, that the only hopping in… Continue reading Pelodryadinae


Belongs within: Ranidae. Rana is a diverse genus of frogs with smooth skin, strong hindlimbs and webbed toes. Rana, Rana, Rana Published 26 June 2007 Rana is a large primarily Holarctic genus of frogs, and probably the inspiration for most depictions of frogs in the world. Well-known species are the edible frog Rana × esculenta… Continue reading Rana


Belongs within: Lepospondyli.Contains: Alytoidea, Pipoidea, Pelobatoidea, Neobatrachia. The Anura, frogs and toads, are a diverse group of terrestrial to aquatic vertebrates that lack an external tail at maturity and are often adapted for a hopping mode of locomotion. Larvae, if present, are aquatic and legless with a strong, finned tail. Relict frog sex Published 6… Continue reading Anura