Belongs within: Hyloidea. Monkey frogs Published 23 November 2019 Following my last post, it looks like we’re staying in the Neotropics for a while longer. The leaf frogs or monkey frogs of the Phyllomedusinae (a subfamily of the tree frog family Hylidae) are perhaps the most famous group of frogs to be found in South… Continue reading Phyllomedusidae

Categorised as Hyloidea


Belongs within: Neobatrachia. The Limnodynastinae are a group of small to medium-sized toad-like terrestrial frogs found in Australia and New Guinea. They have an inguinal amplexus and many are foam-nesters (Frost et al. 2006). <==Limnodynastidae [Limnodynastinae, Limnodynastini]C18 | i. s.: Opisthodon Steindachner 1867FG06 | `–O. spenceri (Parker 1940) [=Limnodynastes spenceri]FG06 |–+–Notaden Günther 1873PW11, FG06 |… Continue reading Limnodynastidae


Belongs within: Laurentobatrachia. The Arthroleptinae are a group of frogs found in sub-Saharan Africa, males of which often have hyperelongate third fingers. <==Arthroleptinae [Arthroleptina, Arthroleptini]FG06 |–CoracodichusFG06 |–Cardioglossa Boulenger 1900FG06 | |–+–C. gracilisPW11 | | `–C. schioetziPW11 | `–+–C. elegansPW11 | `–+–C. gratiosaPW11 | `–+–+–C. leucomystaxPW11 | | `–C. occidentalisPW11 | `–+–C. pulchraPW11 | `–+–C. manengoubaPW11… Continue reading Arthroleptinae


Belongs within: Diplasiocoela.Contains: Arthroleptinae, Hyperolius, Heterixalus. The Laurentobatrachia are a clade of frogs found in sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar. Characters (from Frost et al. 2006): Larval m. levator manidbulae externus in two portion; commissura proximalis III absent; intercalary elements absent; external metatarsal tubercle poorly developed or absent; terminal phalanges claw-shaped. Laurentobatrachia [Arthroleptoidae] |–ArthroleptidaeFG06 | |–Leptopelis… Continue reading Laurentobatrachia


Belongs within: Anura.Contains: Diplasiocoela, Hyloidea, Limnodynastidae, Myobatrachidae. The Neobatrachia are a clade containing the majority of living frogs, united by features such as the presence of a neopalatine bone in the skull. Synapomorphies (from Frost et al. 2006): Neopalatine bone present; third distal carpal fused to other carpals; m. sartorius completely separated from m. semitendinosus;… Continue reading Neobatrachia


Belongs within: Hyloidea. Eleutherodactylus is a very diverse genus of directly developing, mostly small frogs found in Central and South America. <==Eleutherodactylus Duméril & Bibron 1841 [incl. Pelorius Hedges 1989; Eleutherodactylinae, Eleutherodactylini]FG06 |–+–+–E. symingtoni Schwartz 1957PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas symingtoniFG06] | | `–E. zeus Schwartz 1958PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas zeusFG06] | `–+–E. marnockii (Cope 1878)FB17, FG06 [=E.… Continue reading Eleutherodactylus

Categorised as Hyloidea


Belongs within: Hyloidea. The Brachycephalidae are a group of small, leaf-litter dwelling frogs found in southern Brazil (Frost et al. 2006). Characters (from Frost et al. 2006): Distinguishable sternum absent through fusion; epicoracoid cartilages completely ossified with coracoids and clavicles; digits reduced; axillary amplexus; direct development with very large terrestrial eggs. <==Brachycephalidae [Brachycephalina]FG06 | i.… Continue reading Brachycephalidae

Categorised as Hyloidea


Belongs within: Hyloidea. Riding a frog’s pouch Published 26 August 2016 Most people are familiar with the concept of marsupials, the group of mammals whose young spend the earliest part of their life nurtured within a pouchon their mother’s underside. Kangaroos, koalas, wombats—all have their established place in popular culture (even if a person can’t… Continue reading Hemiphractidae


Belongs within: Ranidae. East Asian forest frogs Published 27 February 2016 One group of animals that has somewhat flown (or at least hopped) under the radar here at Variety of Life is the frogs. Frogs are perhaps one of the most instantly recognisable of all terrestrial animal groups, with a combination of features that is… Continue reading Hylarana