Cryptobranchoidei

Belongs within: Caudata. The Cryptobranchoidei are a clade of salamanders uniting the giant salamanders of the Cryptobranchidae with the Asiatic salamanders of the Hynobiidae. Members of the clade exhibit external fertilisation, and are also united by their unicapitate ribs and fusion of the m. pubotibialis and m. puboischiotibialis (Frost et al. 2006). <==Cryptobranchoidei [Cryptobranchiformes, Cryptobranchoidea]… Continue reading Cryptobranchoidei

Published
Categorised as Caudata

Caudata

Belongs within: Lepospondyli.Contains: Diadectosalamandroidei, Cryptobranchoidei. The Caudata are the salamanders, one of the three major groups of living amphibian-grade tetrapods. The earliest well-supported caudates appear in the Jurassic, with both stem- and crown-group taxa known from this period. The majority of these early caudates are known from eastern Asia with the exception of the European… Continue reading Caudata

Published
Categorised as Caudata

Plethodon

Belongs within: Plethodontidae. Plethodon is a genus of lungless salamanders found in woodlands of North America. <==Plethodon Tschudi 1838FG06 | i. s.: P. oconalufteeCM07 |–+–+–P. larselli Burns 1953PW11, W08 | | `–+–P. idahoensisPW11 | | `–P. vandykeiPW11 | `–+–P. neomexicanus Stebbins & Riemer 1950PW11, W08 | `–+–+–P. dunniPW11 | | `–P. vehiculum (Cooper 1860)PW11, W08… Continue reading Plethodon

Published
Categorised as Caudata

Plethodontidae

Belongs within: Diadectosalamandroidei.Contains: Plethodon, Hydromantes, Desmognathus, Spelerpinae, Batrachoseps, Chiropterotriton, Bolitoglossa, Pseudoeurycea, Oedipina. The Plethodontidae are a diverse lineage of salamanders found mostly in the Americas, with a smaller number of species in Europe and east Asia. Their most distinctive feature is the absence of lungs, with respiration instead occurring through the skin. Many species have a projectile… Continue reading Plethodontidae

Published
Categorised as Caudata

Desmognathus

Belongs within: Plethodontidae. Desmognathus, the dusky salamanders, is a genus of lungless salamanders found in eastern North America. Species exhibit a distinctive jaw-opening mechanism wherein the lower jaw remains stationary and the skull swings upwards. <==Desmognathus Baird 1850 [Desmognathina]FG06 |–D. wrightiPW11 `–+–D. folkertsiPW11 `–+–+–D. marmoratusPW11 | `–D. quadramaculatus (Holbrook 1840)PW11, W08 `–+–+–D. aeneusPW11 | `–D.… Continue reading Desmognathus

Published
Categorised as Caudata

Hydromantes

Belongs within: Plethodontidae. Hydromantes is a genus of lungless salamanders with a disjunct distribution in Italy and California. Species have a weakly ossified, flattened skull with incomplete articulations, a projectile tongue, two premaxillary bones, and five-toed, partially webbed hands and feet (Wake 2013). Hydromantes: salamanders in different places Published 15 June 2017 There are times… Continue reading Hydromantes

Batrachoseps

Belongs within: Plethodontidae. Batrachoseps is a genus of lungless salamanders with four toes on each foot found in western North America. <==Batrachoseps Bonaparte 1839FG06 | i. s.: B. aridusUSDI77 | B. caudatusW06 |–B. (Plethopsis)JAW97 | |–B. (P.) campi Wake 1996JAW97, N10 | `–B. (P.) wrightiJAW97, PW11 `–+–+–+–B. diabolicusPW11 | | `–B. regiusPW11 | `–+–B. kawiaPW11… Continue reading Batrachoseps

Published
Categorised as Caudata

Spelerpinae

Belongs within: Plethodontidae. The Spelerpinae are a clade of lungless salamanders found in eastern North America. <==SpelerpinaeFG06 | i. s.: Spelerpes Rafinesque 1832FG06 |–+–+–Stereochilus Cope 1869PW11, FG06 | | | `–S. marginatus (Hallowell 1856)W08 | | `–Pseudotriton Taylor 1944PW11, FG06 | | |–P. montanus Baird 1849W08 | | `–P. ruber (Latreille 1801)W08 | `–Gyrinophilus Cope… Continue reading Spelerpinae

Published
Categorised as Caudata

Bolitoglossa

Belongs within: Plethodontidae. Bolitoglossa is a diverse genus of lungless salamanders with well-defined nasolabial protuberances and grooves, found in Central and northern South America. <==Bolitoglossa Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854FG06 | i. s.: B. chica Brame & Wake 1963W08 | B. resplendens McCoy & Walker 1966W08 | B. sombraM06 |–+–B. hartwegiPW11 | `–+–+–B. occidentalisPW11 |… Continue reading Bolitoglossa

Published
Categorised as Caudata

Chiropterotriton

Belongs within: Plethodontidae. Chiropterotriton, splayfoot salamanders, is a genus of lungless salamanders found in Mexico whose members have a delicate habitus and partially webbed feet. <==Chiropterotriton Taylor 1944FG06 | i. s.: C. mosaueriS86 |–+–C. dimidiatusPW11 | `–+–C. lavaePW11 | `–C. orculusPW11 `–+–C. arboreusPW11 `–+–+–C. cracensPW11 | `–C. multidentatusPW11 `–+–C. magnipesPW11 `–+–C. priscusPW11 `–+–C. chondrostegaPW11 `–C.… Continue reading Chiropterotriton

Published
Categorised as Caudata