Belongs within: Neognathae.Contains: Caprimulgus, Chordeiles, Nyctibiidae, Podargidae, Daedalornithes. The Caprimulgiformes are a clade of mostly very aerial birds, uniting the ‘Caprimulgiformes’ as historically recognised with the phylogenetically embedded Apodiformes. Members of the clade are united by possession of a greatly elongated leg (crus longum) of the ulnar carpal bone (Mayr 2009). All members of the… Continue reading Caprimulgiformes


Belongs within: Apodinae. Collocalia, the swiftlets, is a genus of small, mostly plain-coloured swifts found in southeast Asia and islands of the Pacific. Species of this genus use saliva in the construction of their nests with some species using their saliva to glue together vegetation whereas others construct the nest from solidified saliva only. <==Collocalia… Continue reading Collocalia


Belongs within: Trochilinae. Trochilus, the streamertails, is a genus of hummingbirds endemic to Jamaica in which males have a recumbent crest over the nape, and two feathers of the tail elongated to form prominent streamers. <==Trochilus Linnaeus 1758B94 |–T. afer Linnaeus 1758L58 |–T. aurogaster [incl. Ornismya bonapartiae]L43 |–T. brachyrhynchus [incl. Ornismya microrhyncha Boissenneau 1839]L43 |–T.… Continue reading Trochilus


Belongs within: Trochilidae.Contains: Trochilus, Anthracothorax, Lampornis, Selasphorus, Chlorostilbon, Amazilia, Thalurania, Coeligena, Eriocnemis, Lophornis, Heliangelus. The Trochilinae are a diverse group of straight-billed, often brightly coloured hummingbirds. <==TrochilinaeB94 |–+–+–Doryfera Gould 1847BKB15, B94 [incl. Hemistephania Reichenbach 1854B94; Doryferinae, Hemistephaniinae] | | | |–D. johannaeBKB15 | | | `–D. ludovicaeBKB15 | | `–+–Schistes Gould 1851BKB15, B94 [Schistinae] |… Continue reading Trochilinae


Belongs within: Apodi.Contains: Apodini, Collocalia. The Apodinae includes the spine-tailed swifts, typical swifts and swiftlets. Members of this group have eutaxic wings, i.e. wings with the full complement of secondary flight feathers, in contrast to the diastataxic wings of the Cypseloidinae. In the spine-tailed swifts of the genera Hirundapus and Chaetura, the tail feathers have… Continue reading Apodinae


Belongs within: Apodiformes.Contains: Trochilinae, Phaethornithinae. The Trochilidae are the hummingbirds, a group of very small, long-billed nectarivorous birds. Modern hummingbirds are found only in the New World, though the early Oligocene Eurotrochilus inexpectatus attests to their past presence in Europe. Characters (from Mayr 2004): Size tiny; humerus and ulna extremely abbreviated and stocky, pronounced distal… Continue reading Trochilidae


Belongs within: Apodiformes.Contains: Apodinae. The Apodi include the swifts, aerial insectivores with long narrow wings. Swifts are divided between the true swifts of the Apodidae and the tree swifts of the Hemiprocnidae. The tree swifts have softer plumage than the true swifts, and males are brighter in colouration. They also build flimsy platform nests on… Continue reading Apodi


Belongs within: Daedalornithes.Contains: Apodi, Trochilidae. The Apodiformes contains the swifts (Apodi) and hummingbirds (Trochilidae) (Mayr 2005 extends the scope of Apodiformes to also include their sister group, the Aegothelidae [owlet-nightjars]). The Apodiformes are highly aerial birds with much reduced legs, to the extent that they are not able to move by walking. Synapomorphies (from Mayr… Continue reading Apodiformes