Belongs within: Charadriiformes.Contains: Larinae, Thalasseus, Sterna. The Laridae, gulls and terns, are primarily coastal birds with long, broad wings, relatively short legs (compared to other members of the Charadriiformes) and feet webbed between the front three toes. The family is commonly divided between the gulls of the Larinae, with broader wings and stouter bills, and… Continue reading Laridae


Belongs within: Charadriiformes.Contains: Charadrius, Vanellus. The Charadriidae, plovers, are a group of relatively plump shorebirds with bills that are shorter than their heads and slightly swollen at the tip. Charadriids have historically been divided between the typical plovers of the Charadriinae and the generally larger, more inland-dwelling lapwings of the Vanellinae. However, recent phylogenetic analyses… Continue reading Charadriidae


Belongs within: Laridae.Contains: Larus. The Larinae, gulls, are relatively heavy-bodied birds with narrow, straight bills ending in a hooked tip, found worldwide. <==Larinae [Larini] | i. s.: Gabianus scoresbiiS70 |–+–Creagrus furcatusBKB15 | `–+–Rhodostethia Macgillivray 1842BKB15, S05 | | `–R. rosea (Macgillivray 1842) [=Larus roseus; incl. L. rossii Swainson & Richardson 1831]S05 | `–Hydrocoleus Kaup 1829BKB15,… Continue reading Larinae


Belongs within: Larinae. The genus Larus, previously used to include the majority of gulls, has often been restricted by recent authors to include the herring gulls and related species. These are larger gulls with white heads and grey or black backs. Taxonomy of the group has historically been complex with disagreement on the treatment of… Continue reading Larus


Belongs within: Charadriiformes.Contains: Numenius, Limosa, Calidris, Tringa, Gallinago. The Scolopacidae are a clade of wading birds including the woodcocks, snipes, sandpipers and related taxa. Most scolopacids tend to have relatively long, slender bills, and are most often coloured (at least in the non-breeding season) in variegated browns or greys. The majority of scolopacids are associated… Continue reading Scolopacidae


Belongs within: Charadriiformes. The Alcidae include the auks, murres (or guillemots) and puffins. Alcids are heavy-bodied marine birds with legs placed far back on the body that use their wings to propel themselves when diving. Members of the family are found in the Arctic and north temperate regions. The puffins of the genus Fratercula have… Continue reading Alcidae


Belongs within: Neognathae.Contains: Graculavidae, Burhinidae, Charadriidae, Recurvirostridae, Haematopus, Turnicidae, Glareolidae, Laridae, Stercorariidae, Alcidae, Scolopacidae, Jacanidae. The Charadriiformes include the wading birds and related species. Members of the Charadriiformes are united by the anatomy of the palate and syrinx. They have eleven or ten primaries, a tufted oil gland and a small aftershaft on the body… Continue reading Charadriiformes


Belongs within: Charadriidae. Vanellus, the lapwings, is a cosmopolitan genus of relatively large plovers found in inland habitats. Many species possess colourful wattles on the face and/or sharp-pointed bony spurs on the bend of the wing. The northern lapwing V. vanellus is widespread across the Palaearctic region and is coloured black and white, with a… Continue reading Vanellus


Belongs within: Charadriiformes. The Recurvirostridae are a small family of wading birds with relatively long legs, necks and bills, and usually contrasting black and white or red, black and white plumage (one species, Himantopus novaezelandiae, is entirely black). They are characterised by having the tarsus at least twice the length of, and the naked portion… Continue reading Recurvirostridae


Belongs within: Scolopacidae. Gallinago, the snipes, are stocky, straight-billed wading birds. They are found in most parts of the world though only as non-breeding migrants in Australia. Species are found in freshwater habitats such as marshes and riverbanks. The common snipe G. gallinago breeds across the Palaearctic with many populations migrating southwards to southern Asia… Continue reading Gallinago