Aramides

Rails of the wood Recent years have seen a number of shifts in the classification of rails, as authors have attempted to resolve conflicts between molecular and morphology-based studies of relationships, and clarified the status of divergent insular taxa. Nevertheless, one genus of rails that has so far remain stable in its conception is the… Continue reading Aramides

Gruiformes

Belongs within: Neognathae.Contains: Rallidae, Sarothrura, Eogruidae, Gruidae. The Gruiformes, cranes, rails and their relatives, are a group of generally large-footed birds commonly associated with damp habitats. A number of families previously associated with this group, such as the Otididae (bustards), Cariamidae (cariamas), and Eurypygiformes (sunbittern and kagu), are now recognised as independent lineages within the… Continue reading Gruiformes

Fulica

Belongs within: Gallinula. Fulica, the coots, is a cosmopolitan genus of strongly swimming rails with a well-developed frontal shield and broad lateral lobes on the toes. Plumage is glossy black with the frontal shield often contrastingly coloured. <==Fulica Linnaeus 1758G-RGT14 (see below for synonymy) | i. s.: F. chathamensis Forbes 1892 [=*Nesophalaris chathamensis]CC10 | F.… Continue reading Fulica

Rallus

Belongs within: Rallidae. The genus Rallus contains the Eurasian and Neotropical long-billed rails (Livezey 1998). Many authors have also included various species of the Pacific rails in Rallus but others have placed them in separate genera such as Gallirallus. The type species of the genus is the water rail R. aquaticus of the western Palaearctic,… Continue reading Rallus

Rallidae

Belongs within: Gruiformes.Contains: Rallus, Gallirallus, Gallinula, Aramides, Porphyrio, Laterallus, Rallina. Rallidae, the rails, are a group of ground-dwelling birds found mostly in swampy or other damp habitats. They are commonly narrow-bodied birds with strong, moderately long legs. Taxonomic arrangements within the family have often been unstable though Garcia-R et al. (2014) identified support for eight… Continue reading Rallidae

Porphyrio

Belongs within: Rallidae. Porphyrio, the swamphens or gallinules, are a group of relatively large, heavy-bodied rails with generally blue or purple underparts and a well-developed frontal shield. The frontal shield is a bright red in Old World species related to the purple swamphen P. porphyrio but pale blue in the American purple gallinule P. martinica… Continue reading Porphyrio

Published
Categorised as Gruiformes

Gruidae

Belongs within: Gruiformes. The Gruidae, cranes, are a group of large long-legged and -necked birds found in the Old World and North America. They are highly vocal and many produce loud, melodious trumpeting calls. It is generally agreed that the African crowned cranes of the genus Balearica, distinguished by a crown of stiff golden feathers… Continue reading Gruidae

Published
Categorised as Gruiformes

Gallirallus

Belongs within: Rallidae. Gallirallus is a genus of long-billed rails with a distribution centred around the southern Pacific. The taxonomy of this group differs between authors: some have restricted the name Gallirallus to the New Zealand weka G. australis, a large flightless rail, with other species often included in the broad genus Rallus. Also subject… Continue reading Gallirallus

Published
Categorised as Gruiformes

Gallinula

Belongs within: Rallidae.Contains: Porzana, Fulica. The genus Gallinula contains the moorhens, aquatic birds that are all fairly similar in appearance, with dark heads and bodies and commonly a red frontal shield. The typical moorhens of the subgenus Gallinula are found nearly worldwide; except for the dusky moorhen G. tenebrosa of Australasia and the lesser moorhen… Continue reading Gallinula

Published
Categorised as Gruiformes

Porzana

Belongs within: Gallinula. Porzana has historically been recognised as one of the primary genera of crakes, short-billed rails without significant aquatic adaptations (Livezey 1998). However, recent phylogenetic analyses indicate that the genus as previously recognised is polyphyletic with only a small number of species directly related to the type species, the spotted crake P. porzana.… Continue reading Porzana

Published
Categorised as Gruiformes