Belongs within: Picinae. Dryocopus is a genus of medium-sized to large, predominantly black woodpeckers with a red crown found in Eurasia and the Americas. Claimants to the crown Published 22 January 2024 Woodpeckers are among the most recognisable birds of northern temperate forests. Songs have been written about them, cartoons have featured them prominently, proverbs… Continue reading Dryocopus


Belongs within: Coraciiformes. The Coracioidea, rollers, are stoutly built, medium-sized birds with a robust beak. The clade is characterised by a well-developed processus intermetacarpalis on the carpometacarpus and, at least in living species, a short projection on the cranial side of the processus postorbitalis (Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré 2000). <==CoracioideaMM-C00 | i. s.: Laputavis Dyke 2001M09,… Continue reading Coracioidea


Belongs within: Alcedinidae. Alcedo is an Old World genus of specialist fish-hunting kingfishers with blue upperparts. <==Alcedo Linnaeus 1758M02 | i. s.: A. caeruleocephalaD66 | A. dea Linnaeus 1758L58 | A. erithaca Linnaeus 1758L58 | A. ispida Linnaeus 1758L58 [=A. atthis ispidaB94] | A. rudis Linnaeus 1758L58 | A. todus Linnaeus 1758L58 | A. torquataB41… Continue reading Alcedo


Belongs within: Coraciimorphae.Contains: Coracioidea, Alcedines. The Coraciiformes are a clade of insectivorous or carnivorous birds supported by molecular analysis. Members of this group exhibit syndactyly (fusion) of at least part of the length of the third and fourth toes. They include the Meropidae, bee-eaters, which are slender, colourful birds with long, acute, down-curved bills found… Continue reading Coraciiformes


Belongs within: Coraciiformes.Contains: Momotidae, Alcedinidae, Halcyonidae. The Alcedines are a clade of birds supported by molecular analysis uniting the Alcedinidae (kingfishers), Todidae (todies) and Momotidae (motmots). The latter two families are presently restricted to the New World, but stem representatives of both families have been identified from the Palaeogene fossil record of Europe (Mayr &… Continue reading Alcedines


Belongs within: Piciformes.Contains: Pteroglossus. The Ramphastidae include the toucans, Neotropical frugivorous birds with distinctive large, canoe-shaped bills. Many authors also include the pantropical barbets in this family. The larger toucans are included in the genus Ramphastos, species of which have black wings, tails and thighs. <==Ramphastidae [Ramphastoidea] | i. s.: ‘Bucco’ corvinusW66 | ‘Bucco’ faiostriatusW66… Continue reading Ramphastidae


Belongs within: Picinae. Picus is a genus of woodpeckers with green upperparts found in Eurasia and northern Africa. <==Picus Linnaeus 1758M02 [incl. Gecinus Boie 1831B94; Gecinini] |–+–P. mineaceusBKB15 | `–+–P. flavinuchaBKB15 | `–P. mentalisBKB15 `–+–+–P. chlorolophusBKB15 | `–P. puniceusBKB15 `–+–P. awokeraBKB15 `–+–+–+–P. canus Gmelin 1788BKB15, M02 | | | |–P. c. canusVP89 | | |… Continue reading Picus


Belongs within: Piciformes.Contains: Picinae, Picumnus. The Picidae include the woodpeckers, wrynecks and piculets, and are found on all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Picids have more or less straight, pointed beaks and elongate tongues. They are ancestrally insectivorous and arboreal though some have become terrestrial and/or herbivorous. The wrynecks of the genus Jynx are cryptically… Continue reading Picidae


Belongs within: Coraciimorphae. The Upupiformes, hoopoes, are smaller birds with long, decurved bills found in warmer regions of Africa and Asia. As well as the true hoopoe Upupa epops, living Upupiformes include the wood-hoopoes Phoeniculus and scimitarbills Rhinopomastus of Africa. The hoopoe is primarily fawn with a black-and-white tail and wings, and a tall, black-tipped… Continue reading Upupiformes


Belongs within: Coraciimorphae. The Bucerotidae, hornbills, are birds of the Old World tropics that bear enormous down-curved bills, usually surmounted by a horny casque (Austin 1961). Characters (from Austin 1961): Bill enormous, down-curved, usually surmounted by a horny casque, bill and casque usually hollow or filled with comb of cells, often deeply sculptured and chiseled,… Continue reading Bucerotidae