Belongs within: Sylviida.Contains: Parus. The Paridae, tits, are a family of mostly very small, often boldly patterned birds found in Eurasia, Africa and North America. Most species have short, stout, pointed bills with the nostrils partially concealed by feathers, and rounded wings with the outermost of the ten primary feathers only half the length of… Continue reading Paridae

Categorised as Sylviida


Belongs within: Hirundinidae. The genus Hirundo includes the barn swallow H. rustica, welcome swallow H. neoxena, and related species. Authors have differed in the circumscription of this genus: at its broadest, it may include nearly all the hirundine swallows. Species of Hirundo as recognised here generally have blue upperparts, rufous throats and pale underparts, and… Continue reading Hirundo

Categorised as Sylviida


Belongs within: Alaudidae. Alauda, the skylarks, are a genus of larks found in the Palaearctic region (with the Eurasian skylark Alauda arvensis also introduced to eastern Australia, New Zealand and North America). Members of this genus have streaked brown upperparts, pale underparts and a short erectile crest. The Oriental skylark A. gulgula of eastern Asia… Continue reading Alauda

Categorised as Sylviida


Belongs within: Muscicapida.Contains: Troglodytidae. The Certhioidea is a clade of passerine birds supported by molecular analyses, uniting the families Certhiidae, Sittidae and Troglodytidae. Certhioids are small, mostly dull-coloured birds that generally feed by gleaning insects off vegetation, though Sittidae also eat seeds. The Polioptilidae, gnatcatchers and gnatwrens, are a New World group of small, dainty… Continue reading Certhioidea


Belongs within: Turdidae. Turdus, the true thrushes, is a large cosmopolitan genus of omnivorous songbirds native to all continents except Antarctica and Australia. The majority of species are mottled brown in coloration, often with streaked or spotted pale underparts, but some species are darker in coloration. These include the Eurasian blackbird Turdus merula, the males… Continue reading Turdus


Belongs within: Passerida. The Dicaeidae, flower peckers, are an Indo-Australian group of small birds with short, slightly down-curved bills and tubular tongues. Most species are brightly coloured, and feed on fruit, nectar and small insects. Flowerpeckers are divided between the genera Prionochilus, which retain a fully developed tenth primary on the wing, and Dicaeum, in which… Continue reading Dicaeidae

Categorised as Dicaeidae


Belongs within: Muscicapida.Contains: Aplonis, Onychognathus, Lamprotornis, Acridotheres. The Sturnidae, starlings, are a family of medium-sized omnivorous birds native to the Old World, though the common starling Sturnus vulgaris has also been introduced to North America. Members of the family are often boldly coloured, often with glossy metallic plumage. However, the Philippine creepers of the genus… Continue reading Sturnidae


Belongs within: Passerida.Contains: Carduelinae, Euphonia. The Fringillidae, finches, are a family of mostly granivorous birds found in Eurasia, Africa and the Americas. Though often brownish or greenish in their base coloration, many fringillid finches are colorfully marked. Some tropical fringillids, the Neotropical genera Euphonia and Chlorophonia, and the Hawaiian honeycreepers of the Drepanidini, include particularly… Continue reading Fringillidae


Belongs within: Motacillidae. Motacilla, the wagtails, is a genus of slender, boldly patterned songbirds with a characteristic behaviour of continually moving the tail up and down. <==Motacilla Linnaeus 1758M02 |–+–M. flaviventrisBKB15 | `–+–M. capensisBKB15 | `–M. claraBKB15 | |–M. c. claraL03 | `–M. c. chapini Amadon 1954L03 `–+–+–M. aguimp Temminck 1820BKB15, ICZN96 [incl. M. arenarea… Continue reading Motacilla


Belongs within: Carduelinae. Loxia, the crossbills, is a primarily Holarctic genus of finches in which the tips of the bill are crossed over each other. <==Loxia Linnaeus 1758 [Loxiinae]M02 |–+–L. leucoptera Gmelin 1788BKB15, S05 | `–L. megaplagaJT12 `–+–L. scoticaBKB15 `–+–L. curvirostra Linnaeus 1758BKB15, M02 [incl. L. crucirostra Fries 1868S05] | |–L. c. curvirostraM47 | |–L.… Continue reading Loxia