Belongs within: Pterosauria.Contains: Pterodactyloidea. The Novialoidea are a clade of pterosaurs defined by Kellner (2003) as the most exclusive clade containing Campylognathoides and Quetzalcoatlus. Members of this clade have the third phalanx of the wing finger shorter than the first and second phalanges (Kellner 2003). The exclusive clade Breviquartossa was defined to include Rhamphorhynchus and… Continue reading Novialoidea


Belongs within: Ornithodira.Contains: Novialoidea. The Pterosauria are a highly distinctive group of reptiles known from the late Triassic to the end of the Cretaceous. They are most obviously characterised by the massive elongation of the forelimb, particularly the fourth digit, to support an extensive wing membrane (reinforced with radiating fibres known as aktinofibrils) that, together… Continue reading Pterosauria


Belongs within: Novialoidea.Contains: Ornithocheirus, Pterodactylus, Ctenochasmatidae, Dsungaripteroidea, Azhdarchoidea, Anhangueria. The Pterodactyloidea are a clade of pterosaurs characterised by elongation of the head and neck, and reduction of the tail. The ornithocheirids: misunderstood giants Published 17 January 2012 The pterosaurs of the Ornithocheiridae that lived between the Early and mid-Cretaceous were not the largest pterosaurs to… Continue reading Pterodactyloidea


Belongs within: Pterodactyloidea. Pterodactylus is a genus of medium-sized pterosaurs known from the later Jurassic, representing one of the earlier representatives of the short-tailed pterodactyloids (Wellnhofer 1991). <==Pterodactylus Cuvier 1809U03 [=Ornithocephalus Soemmering 1812W91] |–P. antiquus (Soemmering 1812)K03 (see below for synonymy) |–P. arningi Reck 1931 (n. d.)W91 |–P. brancai Reck 1931 (n. d.)W91 |–P. cerinensis… Continue reading Pterodactylus


Belongs within: Pterodactyloidea. Ornithocheirus is a genus of pterosaur known from the mid-Cretaceous (Albian) that has historically been used for a number of poorly preserved taxa of uncertain affinities. Characters (from Rodrigues & Kellner 2013, for the type species Ornithocheirus simus): Rostrum tall, not expanded anteriorly; first pair of premaxillary teeth directed ventrally; first pair… Continue reading Ornithocheirus


Belongs within: Pterodactyloidea.Contains: Azhdarchidae. The Azhdarchoidea are a Cretaceous lineage of pterosaurs, characterised by toothless jaws, very large nasoantorbital fenestrae extending above the eye sockets, short wing fingers with truncated distal wing phalanges, and long legs (Witton 2013). <==AzhdarchoideaW13 | i. s.: Palaeornis cliftii Mantell 1844 (n. d.) (see below for synonymy)RK13 |–Tapejaridae [Tapejarinae]W13 |… Continue reading Azhdarchoidea


Belongs within: Pterodactyloidea. The Ctenochasmatidae are a group of pterosaurs known from the Upper Jurassic to the mid-Cretaceous, characterised by elongate jaws bearing high numbers of slender teeth (Witton 2013). <==Ctenochasmatidae [Ptenodraconinae, Pterodaustridae, Pterodaustriidae] | i. s.: Gegepterus changiRK13, W13 | Beipiaopterus Lü 2003A08 | `–B. chenianusW13 |–Ctenochasmatinae [Ctenochasminae]U03 | |–Eosipterus Ji & Ji 1997U03… Continue reading Ctenochasmatidae


Belongs within: Pterodactyloidea. The Anhangueria are a clade of pterosaurs including all species more closely related to Anhanguera blittersdorffi than Istiodactylus latidens or Cimoliopterus cuvieri. Its members are united by an anterior expansion of the premaxillary tip with the jaw end tall, and larger teeth at the tip of the rostrum (Rodrigues & Kellner 2013).… Continue reading Anhangueria