Belongs within: Eutheria.Contains: Pilosa, Dasypodidae, Pan-Paenungulata, Tubulidentata, Afrosoricida, Macroscelididae. The Atlantogenata are a clade of mammals supported by molecular data uniting the clades Xenarthra and Afrotheria. Xenarthra is the order of mammals containing the anteaters, sloths and armadillos, and is primarily found in South America. The name refers to the distinctive vertebrae of members of… Continue reading Atlantogenata


Belongs within: Pilosa.Contains: Mylodonta, Ortotheriinae. The Folivora, sloths, are a group of herbivorous mammals known from Central and South America. Living members of the group are arboreal though many fossil members were terrestrial and could reach massive sizes. The swimming sloth Published 3 April 2008 Sometimes it seems that there is nothing that is so… Continue reading Folivora


Belongs within: Atlantogenata. The Macroscelididae, elephant shrews, are a group of small, cursorial insectivorous mammals known from Africa. Members of this group have long, mobile snouts that provide the inspiration for their vernacular name. <==Macroscelididae [Dipogales, Macroscelidoidea] | i. s.: MiorhynchocyonOB13 |–Mylomygale Broom 1948 [Mylomygalinae]V67 | `–M. spiersi Broom 1948B78 |–HerodotiinaeR06 | |–HerodotiusR06 | |–NementchatheriumR06… Continue reading Macroscelididae


Belongs within: Atlantogenata.Contains: Sirenia, Hyracoidea, Proboscidea. The Pan-Paenungulata are a clade of mammals including modern hyraxes, elephants and sirenians, and all fossil taxa more closely related to them than other living mammals. Likely fossil members of this clade include the Desmostylia, aquatic herbivores from the Oligocene and Miocene of the North Pacific, and the Embrithopoda… Continue reading Pan-Paenungulata


Belongs within: Atlantogenata.Contains: Oryzorictinae. The Afrosoricida or Tenrecoidea is a clade supported by molecular analyses uniting the Chrysochloridae (golden moles) and Tenrecidae (tenrecs and otter shrews). Chrysochloridae are found in arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Tenrecidae are mostly found in Madagascar, but the otter shrews of the Potamogalinae are found on continental Africa (as well… Continue reading Afrosoricida


Belongs within: Atlantogenata.Contains: Euphractinae. The Dasypodidae are the armadillos, a family of omnivorous mammals found in South America and southern North America distinguished by modification of the skin to form an armour of bone and keratin. In the Chlamyphorinae, fairy armadillos, the armour is mostly dorsal and the sides of the body are largely exposed;… Continue reading Dasypodidae


Belongs within: Pan-Paenungulata.Contains: Deinotheriidae, Elephantida. The Proboscidea include the elephants and their fossil relatives. The earliest proboscideans are known from the early Eocene, and were superficially tapir-like animals. Members of the basal Barytherioidea (including Moeritherium) had bilophodont molars; the molars became trilophodont in the Deinotheriidae and Elephantiformes (Sanders et al. 2004). Modification of the upper… Continue reading Proboscidea


Belongs within: Elephantida.Contains: Elephas. The Elephantidae, elephants, first appeared in the late Pliocene and are distinguished from earlier proboscideans by their distinctive ‘conveyor-belt’ mode of tooth development. The greatly enlarged adult molars develop sequentially rather than all at once, so that only one or two molars are functional at any one time. As each functioning… Continue reading Elephantidae


Belongs within: Proboscidea.Contains: Elephantidae. The proboscidean clade Elephantida unites the paraphyletic ‘gomphotheres’ with the living Elephantidae: essentially, all proboscideans closer to modern elephants than the mastodons (Mammutidae). As recognised here, the Elephantida are first recorded in the Miocene of Africa, subsequently spreading to Eurasia and the Americas. Subgroups include the Amebelodontidae of the Miocene and… Continue reading Elephantida


Belongs within: Elephantidae. Though represented in the modern fauna only by the Asian elephant Elephas maximus, the genus Elephas is first recorded in the middle Pliocene of eastern and southern Africa, spreading from there into the Middle East by the later Pliocene (Coppens et al. 1978). The genus remained widespread in the Old World until… Continue reading Elephas