Belongs within: Euarchonta.Contains: Tarsiiformes, Anthropoidea, Adapiformes, Lorisiformes, Lemuriformes. The Primates are a group of relatively generalised mammals characterised by an enlarged brain, a post-orbital bar in the skull, relatively convergent orbits, and nails on at least some of the digits (Groves 1991). <==Primates [Euprimates, Pachylemuridae, Prosimii, Simiilemuriformes] |–Haplorhini [Omomyiformes]NG13 | | i. s.: CopelemurG91 |… Continue reading Primates


Belongs within: Homininae. The Hominini are a clade of primates represented in the modern fauna by a single species, the human Homo sapiens. Characteristic features of the clade include a habitually bipedal mode of locomotion and human-like dentition, with reduced canines and often thick enamel (Cela-Conde & Ayala 2003). Hominini [Australopithecina, Australopithecinae, Praeanthropinae] |–Sahelanthropus Brunet,… Continue reading Hominini


Belongs within: Lemuriformes. The Lemuridae contains the typical lemurs, mostly arboreal forms with the most terrestrial being the ring-tailed lemur Lemur catta. Lemurids have a dental formula of i2/2 c1/1 p3/3 m3/3, with the lower canines and incisors forming a forward-projecting comb. The forelimbs are approximately 67-70% the length of the hindlimbs (Pollock et al.… Continue reading Lemuridae


Belongs within: Euarchonta. On wings of skin Published 6 October 2022 Among the more distinctive inhabitants of the rainforests of southeast Asia are the flying lemurs or colugos of the Cynocephalidae. These medium-sized browsers have the most extensive gliding membrane of any mammal, extending right to the ends of the toes and tail. As such,… Continue reading Dermoptera


Belongs within: Cercopithecini. Guenons Published 27 January 2019 The common perception of monkeys tends to be dominated by a relatively small number of species, generally those most commonly seen in zoos, such as capuchins, macaques, baboons or tamarins. But as is usual when it comes to biodiversity, there are a lot of varieties of monkey… Continue reading Cercopithecus


Belongs within: Primates.Contains: Omomyinae. The Tarsiiformes are a clade of primates including the modern tarsiers of insular south-east Asia and their fossil relatives. <==Tarsiiformes [Anaptomorphidae, Omomyidae, Omomyoidea] | i. s.: UtahiinaeG91 | |–UtahiaG91 | `–Stockia powayensis Gazin 1958G91, W96 | Decoredon Xu 1977SM93 | ParatetoniusG52 | |–P. musculus (Matthew 1915)G52 | |–P. steini Seton 1940G52… Continue reading Tarsiiformes


Belongs within: Euarchonta. The Plesiadapoidea are a group of arboreal mammals known from the Palaeocene and Early Eocene (Bloch et al. 2007). Synapomorphies (from Bloch et al. 2007): I3 absent; lower canine smaller than adjacent teeth; P4 talonid not basined, with one distinct cusp; P3 buccal length more than twice lingual length; P4 with one… Continue reading Plesiadapoidea


Belongs within: Catarrhini.Contains: Ponginae, Homininae, Hylobates. The Hominoidea are a clade of Old World primates including the modern apes and all taxa more closely related to apes than Old World monkeys. Synapomorphies (from Stevens et al. 2013): P3 moderately sectorial; P4 very broad; M1–3 mesial foveae broad. <==Hominoidea [Proconsulidae] | i. s.: OtavipithecusF01 | OreopithecoideaSD78… Continue reading Hominoidea


Belongs within: Anthropoidea.Contains: Cercopithecidae, Hominoidea. The Catarrhini are a clade of primates including the Old World monkeys and apes. Living members of this clade have downward-facing nostrils and two pairs each of upper and lower premolars. <==Catarrhini [Catarrhina, Propliopithecidae, Propliopithecoidea] |–OligopithecidaeMA05 | |–Catopithecus Simons 1989SS13, G91 | | `–C. browniSS13 | |–Talahpithecus Jaeger, Beard et… Continue reading Catarrhini


Belongs within: Hominoidea. The Ponginae are the clade of apes more closely related to modern orangutans Pongo than to chimpanzees, gorillas or humans. Old men of the woods Published 6 January 2011 The subject of today’s post is the Ponginae. Rather than comment directly on the prolonged, bitter and largely pointless arguments on ape beta… Continue reading Ponginae