Belongs within: Erinaceidae. The Erinaceinae, hedgehogs, are Old World insectivores in which hairs on the dorsum (of living species, at least) have become modified into stiff spines. <==ErinaceinaeL03 |–Scymnerix Lopatin 2003 [Scymnericini]L03 | `–*S. tartareus Lopatin 2003L03 |–AmphechininiL03 | |–Palaeoscaptor Matthew & Granger 1924L03, V67 | | `–P. acridens Matthew & Granger 1924L03 | |–Dimylechinus… Continue reading Erinaceinae


Belongs within: Talpidae. The Talpini are a Eurasian clade of subterranean moles characterised in which the humerus is specialised for a heavily fossorial lifestyle and the tympanic bone is expanded into a bulla (Van Valen 1967). <==TalpiniV67 | i. s.: Geotrypus Pomel 1848 [incl. Protalpa Filhol 1877]V67 | |–G. acutidentatus (de Blainville 1840) [=Talpa acutidentata;… Continue reading Talpini


Belongs within: Soricidae. The mouse shrews of Africa Published 20 January 2020 Shrews are one of the less appreciated groups of mammals. Small (some are among the smallest mammals on earth), skulking, they are often overlooked but are nevertheless represented by a diversity of species in many parts of the world. Among this diversity are… Continue reading Myosorex


Belongs within: Pan-Lipotyphla.Contains: Soricidae, Erinaceomorpha, Talpidae. The Eulipotyphla, or ‘insectivores’, are a group of small mammals including shrews (Soricidae), hedgehogs (Erinaceidae), moles (Talpidae) and others. They are supported as a clade by molecular analyses, albeit one that excludes the African families Tenrecidae (tenrecs) and Chrysochloridae (golden moles) previously regarded as close relatives; these latter groups… Continue reading Eulipotyphla


Belongs within: Soricinae. Blarina, the short-tailed shrews, is a genus found in eastern North America. Members of this genus secrete a neurotoxic venom from submaxillary glands that can cause pain for several days in humans bitten (Nowak 1999). Morphologically, the species are primarily distinguished by size, with the northern short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda on average… Continue reading Blarina


Belongs within: Soricinae. Sorex, the long-tailed shrews, is a genus found in most of the temperate and Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, predominately in moist habitats (Nowak 1999). The common shrew S. araneus is widespread in northern Europe and northwestern Asia. It is larger with a relatively shorter tail than the widely sympatric pygmy… Continue reading Sorex


Belongs within: Soricinae. Cryptotis, the small-eared shrews, is a genus of shrews found in southern North America and northern South America. They are mostly found in forests except for the North American least shrew C. parva, which prefers open grassy fields (Nowak 1999). Cryptotis parva is also the only species of the genus found north… Continue reading Cryptotis


Belongs within: Soricidae.Contains: Crocidura. Suncus, the musk shrews, are found in southern Asia and Africa. One species, the house shrew Suncus murinus, has become widely dispersed through the Indo-Pacific region as a commensal of humans. Crocidurinae [Crocidurini]B78 | i. s.: ‘Sorex’ dehmiB78 | |–S. d. dehmiB78 | `–S. d. africanus Lavocat 1961B78 | ‘Sorex’ pusilliformisB78… Continue reading Crocidurinae


Belongs within: Erinaceomorpha.Contains: Erinaceinae. The Erinaceidae include the hedgehogs and their spine-less cousins, the gymnures. Erinaceids are first recorded from the Middle Eocene, with Entomolestes from North America belonging to the Tupaiodontinae. The Oligocene saw the appearance of the other subfamilies, with Proterix in North America and the remainder (including the tupaiodontine genera Tupaiodon and… Continue reading Erinaceidae


Belongs within: Eulipotyphla.Contains: Erinaceidae. The Erinaceomorpha includes the modern hedgehogs (Erinaceidae) and their fossil relatives. Most fossil species are only known from their dentition, which is relatively unspecialised, and the inclusion or otherwise of taxa in this group has often been debated. According to Butler (1988), the earliest erinaceomorphs include Adunator from the Palaeocene of… Continue reading Erinaceomorpha