Belongs within: Vespertilionini. The long-eared bats of Australasia Published 26 June 2021 When most people think of Australian mammals, they imagine the fauna as dominated by marsupials and monotremes, representatives of lineages long isolated from those found elsewhere. But Australia is also home to a remarkable diversity of native placentals. Immigrating from the north as… Continue reading Nyctophilinae


Belongs within: Vespertilionidae. Plecotus, the long-eared bats, is a Holarctic genus of bats with a narrow rostrum and ears much longer than wide (Miller 1907). Characters (from Miller 1907): Dental formula i2/3, c1/1, pm2/3, m3/3, total 36. Upper incisors well devoloped, each with a distinct secondary cusp, the inner tooth much smaller than the outer,… Continue reading Plecotus


Belongs within: Noctilionoidea. The Mormoopidae, moustached bats and ghost-faced bats, are family of bats found in tropical and subtropical parts of the New World, characterised by complex outgrowths of the lower lip that take the place of the nose leaf found in other bat groups. Moustached bats, ghost-faced bats Published 2 May 2018 In the… Continue reading Mormoopidae


Belongs within: Vespertilionini. Pipistrellus, the pipistrelles, is a genus of small bats found in most of the Old World (including northern Australia) and North America. Most species of the genus have a distinctive weak, fluttery manner of flight that has been described as butterfly-like. Characters (from Miller 1907): Dental formula I 2/3, C 1/1, Pm… Continue reading Pipistrellus


Belongs within: Chiroptera.Contains: Rhinolophus, Hipposideros. The Rhinolophidae, Old World leaf-nosed bats, get their vernacular name from the well-developed leaf-like structure at the end of their muzzle. <==Rhinolophoidea [Yinochiroptera] |–+–Rhinopoma Geoffroy 1813M07 (see below for synonymy) | | | i. s.: R. cystopsM07 | | |–+–*R. microphyllumM07, FS15 [=Vespertilio microphyllumM07] | | | `–R. muscatellumFS15 |… Continue reading Rhinolophoidea

Categorised as Chiroptera


Belongs within: Chiroptera.Contains: Nyctimenina, Pteropodina, Cynopterina, Dobsonia, Rousettus, Epomophorus. The Cynopterini is a group of generally smaller fruit bats including the dog-faced fruit bats (Cynopterus) and the tube-nosed fruit bats (Nyctimene). Fruit bats in Africa Published 19 January 2016 The diversity of bats often goes under-appreciated. With over 1200 known species around the world (with… Continue reading Pteropodidae


Belongs within: Pteropodidae. Dobsonia includes the naked-backed fruit bats, a group of bats found from Sulawesi to the Solomon Islands, characterised by the attachment of the wing membranes along the midline of the back. Characters (from Miller 1907): Dental formula i1/1, c1/1, p2/3, m2/3. Upper incisors short, but well developed, in contact or nearly so,… Continue reading Dobsonia

Categorised as Chiroptera


Belongs within: Scrotifera.Contains: Pteropodidae, Rhinolophoidea, Noctilionoidea, Natalidae, Molossidae, Miniopterus, Vespertilionidae, Emballonuridae. The Chiroptera are the bats, easily the most distinctive group of mammals and the only one to develop flight. Older classifications divided bats between the Megachiroptera (Old World fruit bats, Pteropodidae) and Microchiroptera (echolocating bats), but more recent studies have indicated that the Rhinolophoidea… Continue reading Chiroptera

Categorised as Chiroptera


Belongs within: Chiroptera.Contains: Scotophilus, Myotis, Kerivoulinae, Murininae, Vespertilionini, Lasiurus, Plecotus. The Vespertilionidae, vesper bats, are a cosmopolitan and speciose family of bats. Members of the family have a fairly generalised external appearance, but a distinctly derived wing structure with a greatly reduced ulna and only two bony phalanges present in the third finger (Miller 1907). The… Continue reading Vespertilionidae


Belongs within: Chiroptera.Contains: Emballonura. The Emballonuridae are the sheath-tailed bats, a pantropical family characterised by the emergence of the tail from the dorsal surface of the uropatagium ahead of its posterior margin. Within the Emballonuridae, the New World Diclidurinae are distinguished from the Old World Emballonurinae and Taphozoinae by the possession of a broad postorbital… Continue reading Emballonuridae

Categorised as Chiroptera