Vombatomorphia

Belongs within: Diprotodontia.Contains: Diprotodontidae. The Vombatomorphia include the living wombats (Vombatidae) and their fossil relatives. These include such diverse forms as the marsupial lions (Thylacoleonidae), the rhinoceros-like Diprotodontidae, and the large clawed herbivores of the Palorchestidae. The Vombatidae are robust, fossorial grass-eaters that, in living forms, have hypselodont (rootless) teeth (Long et al. 2002). Vombatomorphia… Continue reading Vombatomorphia

Metatheria

Belongs within: Boreosphenida.Contains: Notometatheria. The Metatheria are a clade of mammals including the total group of modern marsupials and all fossil taxa more closely related to marsupials than to other mammals. The earliest metatherians are known from the early Late Cretaceous of Eurasia and North America though they only survived into the Cenozoic in South… Continue reading Metatheria

Published
Categorised as Metatheria

Phascolarctidae

Belongs within: Diprotodontia. Barrallier’s monkey Published 11 April 2015 “Gogy told me that they had brought portions of a monkey (in the native language “colo”), but they had cut it in pieces, and the head, which I should have liked to secure, had disappeared. I could only get two feet through an exchange which Gogy… Continue reading Phascolarctidae

Dasyurinae

Belongs within: Dasyuridae. The Dasyurinae is a group of carnivorous marsupials including the quolls (marsupial cats), mulgaras and related taxa. Members of this group include the largest living carnivorous marsupials. Dasyurinae [Parantechini] | i. s.: Archerium Wroe & Mackness 2000LA02 | `–*A. chinchillaensis Wroe & Mackness 2000LA02 | Ganbulanyi Wroe 1998LA02 | `–*G. djadjinguli Wroe… Continue reading Dasyurinae

Published
Categorised as Metatheria

Peramelemorphia

Belongs within: Australidelphia. The Peramelemorphia includes the bandicoots, a group of long-snouted Australian marsupials. Most species are insectivorous or carnivorous, though the now-extinct pig-footed bandicoot Chaeropus ecaudatus may have been a grazer (Long et al. 2002). The shrinking world of bandicoots Published 26 August 2017 A bandicoot is a very disagreeable animal to clean, therefore… Continue reading Peramelemorphia

Didelphidae

Belongs within: Marsupialia.Contains: Didelphinae. The Didelphidae includes the opossums of North and South America (some sources divide them between the Didelphidae sensu stricto and Caluromyidae, but the ‘Caluromyidae’ are probably paraphyletic to the other didelphids). Morphological synapomorphies for the Didelphidae remain uncertain, but the monophyly of this clade is supported by molecular analysis, and side-by-side… Continue reading Didelphidae

Dasyuromorphia

Belongs within: Australidelphia.Contains: Dasyuridae. The Dasyuromorphia is a group of Australian carnivorous marsupials including the marsupial mice and cats (Dasyuridae), numbat Myrmecobius fasciatus and thylacines (Thylacinidae). Characters (from Long et al. 2002): Small number of incisors (I4/3); intestinal caecum absent. Dasyuromorphia [Dasyura, Dasyurida, Dasyurini, Dasyuroidea] | i. s.: Apoktesis Campbell 1976LA02 | `–*A. cuspis Campbell… Continue reading Dasyuromorphia

Macropodoidea

Belongs within: Diprotodontia.Contains: Macropodidae. The Macropodiformes are a group of mostly herbivorous marsupials (though the Hypsiprymnodontidae are omnivorous), including the wallabies and kangaroos. Members of this group have the hind feet enlarged for rapid, often bounding locomotion. Characters (from Long et al. 2002): Dentary bearing masseteric canal. Hind foot with fourth digit hypertrophied. Macropodoidea [Hypsiprymnodontidae,… Continue reading Macropodoidea

Diprotodontidae

Belongs within: Vombatomorphia. The Diprotodontidae are a group of sometimes large herbivorous marsupials known from the late Oligocene to the Pleistocene of Australia. The diprotodontids: marsupials go large Published 12 June 2015 Prior to the arrival of humans, the Australian fauna included many strange, and often dramatic, animals that are sadly no longer with us.… Continue reading Diprotodontidae

Sthenurinae

Belongs within: Macropodidae. The Sthenurinae include the fossil short-faced kangaroos, some of which are among the largest known kangaroos. The late-surviving Procoptodon goliah reached approximately two metres in height and may have weighed over 200 kg. Sthenurines probably would have been browsers on leaves rather than grazers like modern kangaroos. Characters (from Long et al.… Continue reading Sthenurinae