Centrarchiformes

Fivebar flagtails Kuhlia mugil, copyright Philippe Bourjon.

Belongs within: Percomorpharia.
Contains: Cirrhitoidei, Centrarchidae, Terapontidae.

The Centrarchiformes are a clade of marine and freshwater fishes associated by molecular data that are most diverse in temperate and subtropical waters.

<==Centrarchiformes
| i. s.: Dinolestes [Dinolestidae]SC07
| `--D. lewiniSC07
|--+--PercalatesND13
| | |--P. colonorumND13 [incl. P. fluviatilisG75]
| | `--P. novemaculeataND13
| `--+--+--CirrhitoideiND13
| | `--+--CentrarchidaeND13
| | `--Siniperca Gill 1862ND13, P93 [Sinipercidae]
| | `--S. chuatsi (Basilewsky 1855)KC-L22
| `--+--Enoplosus [Enoplosidae]ND13
| | |--E. armatus (Shaw in White 1790)H01
| | `--E. pygopterus Agassiz 1836P93
| `--Percichthyidae [Gadopsidae, Gadopsiformes, Maccullochellidae, Macquariidae, Plectroplitidae]ND13
| | i. s.: Santosius Arratia 1982GM01
| | PriscacaraG88
| | Edelia vittataC01c, L91
| | NannatherinaC01c
| | Plectroplites ambiguusG75
| | PercichthysP93
| | |--P. lonquimayensis Chang & Arratia 1978P93
| | |--P. sandovali Arratia 1982P93
| | `--P. truchaPRB10
| | Properca angusta (Agassiz 1834)P93
| | Doederleinia berycoidesI00 [=Anthias berycoidesR13]
| | Microperca yarrae [incl. Paradules obscurus]O96
| |--+--Gadopsis marmoratusND13
| | `--MaccullochellaND13
| | |--M. macquarienensisG75
| | `--M. peeliiND13
| `--+--MacquariaND13 [incl. Riverina Castelnau 1872O96]
| | |--M. ambiguaND13
| | |--M. australasica (see below for synonymy)O96
| | `--M. novemaculeataSC07
| `--+--Nannoperca australisND13
| `--Percilia [Perciliidae]ND13
| |--P. gillissi Girard 1854DS89
| `--P. irwiniND13
`--+--GirellidaeR13
| |--MelambaphesR13
| |--DoydixodonR13
| |--ProteracanthusR13
| |--TephraeopsR13
| `--GirellaND13
| |--G. cyaneaCC98
| |--G. elevata Macleay 1881C01a
| |--G. mezinaND13
| |--G. niricansCH-C06
| |--G. punctataC01a
| `--G. tricuspidata (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)C01a
`--+--Oplegnathus [Oplegnathidae]ND13
| |--O. punctatusND13
| `--O. woodwardiSC07
`--+--Kyphosidae [Labracoglossidae]ND13
| |--Hermosilla azureaSC07
| |--Sectator ocyurus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882)S01
| |--Neoscorpis Smith 1931P93
| |--Kyphosidarum goujeti Nolf 1988P93
| |--Labracoglossa [incl. Cypselichthys]R13
| |--BathystethusR13
| `--KyphosusND13
| |--K. bigibbus Lacepède 1801 [incl. K. fuscus Lacepède 1801]S01
| |--K. bosciiR13
| |--K. cinerascens (Forsskål 1775)S01 (see below for synonymy)
| |--K. cornelii (Whitley 1944)H90
| |--K. elegansND13
| |--K. sectatorLM13
| |--K. sydneyanus (Günther 1886)S01 (see below for synonymy)
| `--K. vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) (see below for synonymy)M58
`--+--MicrocanthidaeSC07
| |--Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier 1831)LD09
| `--AtypichthysC01b
| |--A. latusHS01
| `--A. strigatus (Günther 1860)C01b
`--+--TerapontidaeND13
`--Kuhlia [Kuhliidae]ND13
|--K. boninensis (Fowler 1907)C01c
|--K. caerulescens Regan 1913M58
|--K. lepta Stinton 1980P93
|--K. maioJR10
|--K. marginata (Cuvier 1829)C01c (see below for synonymy)
|--K. mugil (Forster in Bloch & Schneider 1801)C01c
|--K. munda (De Vis 1884) [=Herops munda, Dules munda; incl. D. nitens Ramsay & Ogilby 1888]M58
|--K. rupestris (Lacépède 1802)AC90 (see below for synonymy)
`--K. taeniura (Cuvier 1829) [=Dules taeniura]M58

Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier 1829)C01c [=Dules marginatusAC90; incl. Moronopsis ciliatus Bleeker 1878M58, D. ciliatusM58, D. papuensis Macleay 1884M58]

Kuhlia rupestris (Lacépède 1802)AC90 [=Centropomus rupestrisAC90, Dules rupestrisM58; incl. D. guamensis Macleay 1884M58]

Kyphosus cinerascens (Forsskål 1775)S01 [=Sciaena cinerascensM58, Pimelepterus cinerascensM58; incl. Pachymetopon squamosum Alleyne & Macleay 1877M58, Pi. tahmelJR10]

Kyphosus sydneyanus (Günther 1886)S01 [incl. K. gibsoni Ogilby 1912S01, Pimelepterus lembus Cuvier 1831M58, K. lembusS01, Oblata muador Thiollière 1857M58]

Kyphosus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) [=Pimelepterus vaigiensis, K. waigiensis, P. waigiensis; incl. P. marciac Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831]M58

Macquaria australasica [incl. Murrayia bramoides Castelnau 1872, Dules christyi Castelnau 1872, Mu. cyprinoides Castelnau 1872, Riverina fluviatilis Castelnau 1872, Mu. guentheri Castelnau 1872]O96

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AC90] Allen, G. R., & D. Coates. 1990. An ichthyological survey of the Sepik River, Papua New Guinea. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 34: 31–116.

[C01a] Carpenter, K. E. 2001a. Girellidae. Nibblers. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3297–3298. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[C01b] Carpenter, K. E. 2001b. Microcanthidae. Microcanthids. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3301–3303. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[C01c] Carpenter, K. E. 2001c. Kuhliidae. Flagtails. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3317–3320. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[CH-C06] Chilton, N. B., F. Huby-Chilton, R. B. Gasser & I. Beveridge. 2006. The evolutionary origins of nematodes within the order Strongylida are related to predilection sites within hosts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 118–128.

[CC98] Choat, J. H., & K. D. Clements. 1998. Vertebrate herbivores in marine and terrestrial environments: a nutritional ecology perspective. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 375–403.

[DS89] Dundee, H. A., & H. M. Smith. 1989. Nomenclatural eponym endings revisited. Systematic Zoology 38 (3): 279–283.

[GM01] Gayet, M., L. G. Marshall, T. Sempere, F. J. Meunier, H. Cappetta & J-C. Rage. 2001. Middle Maastrichtian vertebrates (fishes, amphibians, dinosaurs and other reptiles, mammals) from Pajcha Pata (Bolivia). Biostratigraphic, palaeoecologic and palaeobiostratigraphic implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 169: 39–68.

[G75] Grant, E. M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. The Co-ordinator-General’s Department: Brisbane (Australia).

[G88] Gray, J. 1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 62: 1–214.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H90] Hutchins, J. B. 1990. Fish survey of South Passage, Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 263–278. Western Australian Museum.

[H01] Hutchins, J. B. 2001. Enoplosidae. Old wife. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3287. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[I00] Imamura, H. 2000. An alternative hypothesis on the phylogenetic position of the family Dactylopteridae (Pisces: Teleostei), with a proposed new classification. Ichthyological Research 47 (3): 203–222.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[KC-L22] Kmentová, N., A. J. Cruz-Laufer, A. Pariselle, K. Smeets, T. Artois & M. P. M. Vanhove. 2022. Dactylogyridae 2022: a meta-analysis of phylogenetic studies and generic diagnoses of parasitic flatworms using published genetic and morphological data. International Journal for Parasitology 52: 427–457.

[LM13] Lautredou, A.-C., H. Motomura, C. Gallut, C. Ozouf-Costaz, C. Cruaud, G. Lecointre & A. Dettai. 2013. New nuclear markers and exploration of the relationships among Serraniformes (Acanthomorpha, Teleostei): the importance of working at multiple scales. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 140–155.

[LD09] Li, B., A. Dettaï, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, M. Desoutter-Meniger & G. Lecointre. 2009. RNF213, a new nuclear marker for acanthomorph phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 345–363.

[M58] Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: A check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 10 (4): 97–369 (reprinted 1958. Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin no. 1).

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[O96] Ogilby, J. D. 1896. A new family of Australian fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (2): 118–135.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[PRB10] Plaul, S. E., N. G. Romero & C. G. Barbeito. 2010. Distribution of the exotic parasite, Lernaea cyprinacea (Copepoda, Lernaeidae) in Argentina. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 30 (2): 65–73.

[R13] Regan, C. T. 1913. The classification of the percoid fishes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 8, 12: 111–145.

[S01] Sakai, K. 2001. Kyphosidae. Sea chubs. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3290–3296. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[SC07] Smith, W. L., & M. T. Craig. 2007. Casting the percomorph net widely: the importance of broad taxonomic sampling in the search for the placement of serranid and percid fishes. Copeia 2007 (1): 35–55.

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