Individual of Centropyxis among filamentous algae, copyright John C. Walsh.

Belongs within: Arcellinida.

The Centropyxiidae are a group of testate amoebozoans with a chitinous test into which sand or other foreign matter has been incorporated (Loeblich & Tappan 1964).

Characters (from Loeblich & Tappan 1964): Test chitinous, enclosing some foreign material or with sandy layer, generally with dorsoventral symmetry; aperture ventral, with recurved margin, eccentric; single nucleus.

<==Centropyxiidae [Conchulina]
    |--Marsipos Medioli et al. 1990HW93
    |--Centropyxiella Valkanov 1970G86
    |    |--C. arenaria Valkanov 1970G86
    |    |--C. elegans Valkanov 1970G86
    |    |--C. gibbula Valkanov 1970G86
    |    |--C. gibbulina Chardez & Thomas 1980G86
    |    |--C. golemanskyi Chardez 1977G86
    |    |--C. lucida Golemansky 1971G86
    |    |--C. oopyxiformis Chardez 1977G86
    |    `--C. platystoma Golemansky 1981G86
    `--Centropyxis Stein 1859 (see below for synonymy)LT64
         |--*C. aculeata (Ehrenberg 1832)LT64 (see below for synonymy)
         |--C. aerophila [incl. C. aerophila var. sphagnicola]LNB03
         |--C. cassis [incl. C. cassis var. spinifera]V63
         |--C. constricta [incl. C. constricta var. minima]LB90
         |--C. discoidesV63
         |--C. ecornisSX97
         |--C. gasparellaLNB03
         |--C. gibbaV63
         |--C. globulosaLB90
         |--C. hemisphaericaSX97
         |--C. hirsutaSR06
         |--C. kahliLNB03
         |--C. laevigata Penard 1902NM05
         |--C. marsupiformisN03
         |--C. orbicularisSX97
         |--C. plagiostomaLB90
         |--C. platystomaLNB03
         |--C. pleurostomelloides (Millett 1899) (see below for synonymy)LT64
         |--C. pontigulasiformisLNB03
         `--C. sylvaticaLB90 [=C. aerophila var. sylvaticaV63; incl. C. sylvatica var. minorLB90]

Centropyxis Stein 1859 [=Echinopyxis Claparède & Lachmann 1859; incl. Armillettum Rhumbler 1913, Millettella Rhumbler 1904]LT64

*Centropyxis aculeata (Ehrenberg 1832)LT64 [=Arcella aculeataLT64, *Echinopyxis aculeataLT64; incl. Centropyxis aculeata var. oblongaV63]

Centropyxis pleurostomelloides (Millett 1899) [=Reophax pleurostomelloides, *Armillettum pleurostomelloides, *Millettella pleurostomoides]LT64

*Type species of generic name indicated


[G86] Golemansky, V. G. 1986. Rhizopoda: Testacea. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 5–16. E. J. Brill/Dr. W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[HW93] Hart, M. B., & C. L. Williams. 1993. Protozoa. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 43–70. Chapman & Hall: London.

[LNB03] Ledeganck, P., I. Nijs & L. Beyens. 2003. Plant functional group diversity promotes soil protist diversity. Protist 154 (2): 239–249.

[LT64] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 1. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[LB90] Lousier, J. D., & S. S. Bamforth. 1990. Soil protozoa. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 97–136. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[N03] Nicholls, K. H. 2003. Form variation in Campascus minutus and a description of Campascus simcoei sp. n. (Testaceafilosea, Psammonobiotidae). European Journal of Protistology 39 (1): 103–112.

[NM05] Nikolaev, S. I., E. A. D. Mitchell, N. B. Petrov, C. Berney, J. Fahrni & J. Pawlowski. 2005. The testate lobose amoebae (order Arcellinida Kent, 1880) finally find theit home within Amoebozoa. Protist 156: 191–202.

[SR06] Schmidt, A. R., E. Ragazzi, O. Coppellotti & G. Roghi. 2006. A microworld in Triassic amber. Nature 444: 835.

[SX97] Song B. & Xie P. 1997. Preliminary studies on the community structure of the planktonic protozoa from the outlet of Lake Dongting. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 21 (Suppl): 60–68.

[V63] Varga, L. 1963. Weitere Untersuchungen über die aquatile Mikrofauna der Baradla-Höhle bei Aggtelek (Ungarn) (Biospeologica Hungarica, XVII). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 9 (3–4): 439–458.

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